Rudbeckia, Black-Eyed Susan, Orange Coneflower 'Goldsturm'

Rudbeckia fulgida

Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Rudbeckia (rud-BEK-ee-a) (Info)
Species: fulgida (FUL-jih-duh) (Info)
Cultivar: Goldsturm
Synonym:Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round in hardiness zone

Can be grown as an annual


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Gold (yellow-orange)

Bright Yellow

Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are good for cutting

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Mid Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Wear gloves to protect hands when handling seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Gaylesville, Alabama

Tuskegee, Alabama

Alamo, California

Clovis, California

Eureka, California

Huntington Beach, California

La Verne, California

NORTH FORK, California

Pasadena, California

Sacramento, California

San Leandro, California

Denver, Colorado

Fort Collins, Colorado

Cornwall Bridge, Connecticut

Cos Cob, Connecticut

Glastonbury, Connecticut

Old Lyme, Connecticut

Seymour, Connecticut

Cocoa, Florida

Deltona, Florida(2 reports)

Jacksonville, Florida

Lakeland, Florida

Pensacola, Florida

Safety Harbor, Florida

Sarasota, Florida

Atlanta, Georgia

Augusta, Georgia

Cordele, Georgia

Covington, Georgia

Griffin, Georgia

Lawrenceville, Georgia

Lilburn, Georgia

Stone Mountain, Georgia

Hayden, Idaho

Cherry Valley, Illinois

Chicago, Illinois

Divernon, Illinois

Hinsdale, Illinois

Lake In The Hills, Illinois

Plainfield, Illinois

Elkhart, Indiana

Greenville, Indiana

Hobart, Indiana

Lafayette, Indiana

Terre Haute, Indiana

Crescent, Iowa

Des Moines, Iowa

Earlham, Iowa

Inwood, Iowa

Derby, Kansas

Kingman, Kansas

Olathe, Kansas

Princeton, Kansas

Benton, Kentucky

Greenup, Kentucky

Hebron, Kentucky

Salvisa, Kentucky

Zachary, Louisiana

Cumberland, Maryland

Edgewater, Maryland

Takoma Park, Maryland

Westminster, Maryland

Dracut, Massachusetts

Norton, Massachusetts

Roslindale, Massachusetts

Springfield, Massachusetts

Turners Falls, Massachusetts

Westborough, Massachusetts

Dearborn Heights, Michigan

Deerfield, Michigan

Detroit, Michigan

Marshall, Michigan

Mason, Michigan

Owosso, Michigan

Pinconning, Michigan

Royal Oak, Michigan

Taylor, Michigan

Albertville, Minnesota

Kasota, Minnesota

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Saint Paul, Minnesota

Florence, Mississippi

Blue Springs, Missouri

Lincoln, Nebraska

Las Vegas, Nevada

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Alden, New York

Brooklyn, New York

Greene, New York

Ithaca, New York

New Paltz, New York

Charlotte, North Carolina

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Fuquay Varina, North Carolina

Monroe, North Carolina

Newland, North Carolina

Pineville, North Carolina

Raleigh, North Carolina

Sapphire, North Carolina

Belfield, North Dakota

Cincinnati, Ohio

Dayton, Ohio

Geneva, Ohio

Lewis Center, Ohio

Twinsburg, Ohio

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma(2 reports)

Bend, Oregon

Chiloquin, Oregon

Dallas, Oregon

Hood River, Oregon


Portland, Oregon(2 reports)

Salem, Oregon

Chalfont, Pennsylvania

Mifflintown, Pennsylvania

Norristown, Pennsylvania

Reading, Pennsylvania

West Chester, Pennsylvania

Whitehall, Pennsylvania

North Augusta, South Carolina

Orangeburg, South Carolina

Patrick, South Carolina

Prosperity, South Carolina

Crossville, Tennessee

Hendersonville, Tennessee

Knoxville, Tennessee

Arlington, Texas

Austin, Texas

Bulverde, Texas

Dallas, Texas

Denton, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas(2 reports)

Palestine, Texas

Palmer, Texas

Paris, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

South Jordan, Utah

Fort Valley, Virginia

Portsmouth, Virginia

Virginia Beach, Virginia

Bellingham, Washington

Camano Island, Washington

Ferndale, Washington

Kalama, Washington

Mountlake Terrace, Washington

Olympia, Washington

Port Angeles, Washington

Charleston, West Virginia

Liberty, West Virginia

Birchwood, Wisconsin

Madison, Wisconsin

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Racine, Wisconsin

Tripoli, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jan 27, 2016, JBtheExplorer from Southeast, WI wrote:

I'm generally not a fan of cultivars. I prefer true species, but I divided some of my grandma's Rudbeckia Goldsturm and can't complain. It's one of two Rudbeckias that I grow, the other being R.hirta. Rudbeckia hirta tends to be more yellow, and often has a bigger flower, while Goldsturm is more of a golden color. One thing I like about Goldsturm is that it forms clumps, and spreads slowly in a way similar to ground covers. That tends to work out well in front yards, where you often need a more clean-cut look with a plant that reliably stays in one spot. It should be said that R.hirta can also be kept in one spot by manually dropping the seeds where you want them, but its overall habit is to spread to nearby areas, which is why it's such a great plant in prairie gardens and restorations. <... read more


On Sep 25, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

This is one popular perennial whose immense popularity is deserved. It's tough, versatile, undemanding, floriferous, and long-blooming---a great performer here. My principal issue with it is over-exposure---I'm tired of seeing it everywhere.

It performs well in light and partial shade, and is more shade tolerant than generally believed.

Rudbeckia fulgida spreads by rhizomes and can become a groundcover. I would call it moderately aggressive, but it's controllable in a mixed border without excessive work. It also self-sows lightly here.

I find that this species is best planted or divided in spring. Late season divisions (July or later) often fail to survive for me.

This cultivar does not come true from seed, but as the above detail... read more


On Sep 24, 2014, KittyWittyKat from Saint Paul, MN (Zone 4b) wrote:

Slow spreader for a rhizomous plant. No issues with any leaf spotting on this particular plant; though if it is in a drier location, I have had more problems on unknown cultivar a few years ago.


On Mar 25, 2014, Gardeningman from Kingman, KS (Zone 6b) wrote:

Goldsturm Rudbeckia is a beautiful plant and is great as a border plant. It can sucker and spread, sort of like mums, but burying 4-5" plastic lawn edging bewtween the Goldstrums and the places you don't want it to spread to is very effective.
The Missouri Botanical Center states that angular leaf spot is a common problem with Goldsturm Rudbeckia. If you live in a climate that supports the growth of this bacterium, you may want to avoid planting Goldstrums.


On Feb 8, 2014, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

This is a very common perennial in the East and Midwest USA, sold at most any garden center. I think this cultivar from an eastern American species was developed in Germany. Very reliable and easy to grow and to dig up and divide. This form spreads fairly quickly by underground rhizomes. It can push other plants out or move into places one does not want it. It blooms from about mid-July to early September.


On Aug 17, 2013, reeCreations from Burgettstown, PA wrote:

i have no idea what cultivar exists in my gardens. i do like the way it has taken on a shale slope where even yucca struggles. it has grown and bloomed well where ever i plant a piece. clay, rocky (sand mound), wet, dry, sun, shade.
it is a bully and will spread into other planting such as ground phlox, but all you have to do is chop/pull them out.
the blooms are a welcome brightness during late summer when most other plants are done.


On Aug 11, 2010, montague_rose from Turners Falls, MA wrote:

Good for late season color, Will spread if you let it. I just dig up the babies and move them.


On Nov 3, 2009, jazzy1okc from Oklahoma City, OK wrote:

I've had this plant growing in a narrow bed beside my sloping concrete driveway, in full, all-day sun for about five years. It loves heat, does fine with rain and an occasional watering during droughts, and likes a little compost. Sawflies knock it back once in a while and, during very wet years, it tends toward leaf fungus. I just cut back the bad foliage. Other plants doing very well in the same long bed include Russian sage, cone flower, iris, daylilies, purple heart, yarrow (achillea), chrysanthemums, sedum, gallardia, and northern sea oats. Across the driveway it is growing with all of the above plus sage, rosemary, oregano, canna, sedum, lambs ears, dwarf barberry, variagated euonymous, four o'clocks, roses and clematis. My only complaint: Once established this variety seems ... read more


On Aug 26, 2009, enshalla from halifax,
Canada wrote:

Spectacular plant, when in bloom. Bought at the nursery last year and planted them in september, plants didn't have any flowers as they were in their first year. They sprouted this year after the spring bulbs died, late in the spring. Plant itself is not very attractive, and I would suggest planting something about 1-2 feet high in front such as Zinnias or lilies to hide the foliage if you wish. Rudbeckia Goldsturm started blooming mid august for me, in heavy clay soil with only rain water. Even though plants were not in full sun, in fact getting about 3 hours of mid day sun, they bloomed profusely. Plants getting less sun were short and with few blooms and more susceptible to earwigs and slugs, so lots of sun is important. However even in less than ideal conditions plants are dependable a... read more


On Jul 8, 2009, littlelamb from Virginia Beach, VA (Zone 8b) wrote:

I've had this plant for a couple years now at the front of my driveway. It's gotten to be quite large and I love it. It's covered in flowers and is quite stunning. It does spread so I'll have divide it next year. It can take heat and humidity quite well considering mine sits near a baking driveway all morning during the summer.


On Jul 19, 2008, MiniPonyFarmer from Gilmer, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

I planted these bare root divisions in April. By July they are approximately 2 feet tall and bushy, with blooms. The leaves stay spotty and the blooms are small. The blooms just don't have a lot of punch for the size of the foliage (which is huge). I have ripped them out and plan to find something more showy that can earn its keep better.


On Mar 21, 2008, mbhoakct76 from Winsted, CT wrote:

black eyed susan comes in many varieties and in alot of places grows as a wildflower as it does here in new england, you have to be picky about what variety you are purchasing as many will give a few small and ratty looking flowers and are not really worth putting in your garden.....they will also overseed alot onto your lawn (what a nightmare).
I tried a few plants before i found one i actually liked.
So far this variety is showing nice flowers and keeping to the garden, but i also keep up with deadheading asap.
Wtih as many that are availble as wildflowers on the side of the road- makes me think that some nursuries are selling those wildflowers?!?


On Nov 6, 2007, boblyn828 from Buckhannon, WV wrote:

help please, I planted about 15 bare root black eyed susan in May 2007, only 2 sprouted, but no flowers. Will any of the others come up next year? I wrote the nursery I got these from and they are shipping me some more. It is now November and we are getting frost and set for some snow. What can I do with the bare roots to protect them through the winter? Plus I am being shipped some daylilly bulbs.


On Sep 18, 2007, BlackDogKurt from Seymour, CT wrote:

I would love this plant but I have had continual problems with fungal leaf spot disease. This is the only flower in my garden that seems to succumb to this fungal disease in my garden, despite my best attempts to erradicate it and plant Goldsturm in sunnier locations.


On Feb 24, 2007, hart from Shenandoah Valley, VA wrote:

Thrives in my very dry soil and the flowers are huge - at least 5 inches across. Self sows a bit but not invasively. Blooms for several weeks from late summer into fall.


On Dec 4, 2006, blossombloom from Griffin, GA wrote:

I don't know why but I love this flower. When it is in bloom I see it everywhere on the side of the roads. Wonderful wildflower.


On Sep 15, 2006, laura10801 from Fairfield County, CT (Zone 6b) wrote:

I placed this in a part sun - part shady spot and it did pretty well. However, I had to be very mindful to water it regularly or it starts to wilt. We'll see how it does in its second year. It makes for nice cut flowers.


On Aug 18, 2006, muddbear from (Zone 3b) wrote:

Although I love this plant, I have had recent problems with Angular Leaf Spot forming on the leaves. I have had to take 5 plants back to the nursery. There seems to be no solution to this disease. The best to do is obtain a different cultivar of rudbeckia.

When it grows well, it's a fantastic and beautiful plant.


On Jun 26, 2006, shadesojade from Patrick, SC (Zone 5a) wrote:

I've just moved to this area, after spending 55 plus years of living and growing flowers and veggies in Fl. I'm having a bit of an info. overload when it comes to what will grow and survive the Winters and the growing conditions as well as the soil here in my new area. The Black eyed Susan is one of the plants that I see growing and prospering as I drive through the new area. It is definitely one of the plants that I will add to my new growing areas. Belle P. Patrick, SC.


On Nov 10, 2004, lmelling from Ithaca, NY (Zone 5b) wrote:

I was given a clump of these from my mother-in-law's garden when I established my own here in zone 5. I planted in full sun in moist but well drained soil. They continue to florish as they have for 7 years in the same location. Last spring I transplanted a clump from my original patch to another area of the garden and they appeared to take off just as well. No real care other than to cut down and remove dead foliage in late fall.


On Nov 9, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Grows in sun to partial shade, actually. Very vigorous grower and yet has a somewhat compact habit. Seeds attract birds and flowers attract butterflies. It will not tolerate soggy soils.

From The variant that became 'Goldsturm' was first noticed by Heinrich Hagemann in 1937 while visiting a Czecklosovakian nursery, where he spotted & purchased an unusually bright specimen of R. fulgida var. sullivantii. Bringing this find to his German employer Karl Foerster, it was propogated as a unique strain, & in 1949 entered the nursery trade under the name 'Goldsturm,' which means "Golden Storm."


On May 24, 2004, kooger from Oostburg, WI (Zone 5b) wrote:

A striking plant that seems to have no drawbacks at all. Grows about 3 ft. tall and blooms for a long time.


On Feb 29, 2004, hotlanta from Lilburn, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

I like the way this plant self sews. I started with a few I purchased from a nursery. They are growing and spreading in full sun mid-day; partial sun morning and afternoon. They are on a slightly sloped bank, so get good drainage. They seem to be very drought tolerant. To propagate by seed is challenging though, as their seed are very small and there is a lot of chafe. But the young self-sewn starts transplant well.


On Oct 4, 2003, debi_z from Springfield, MA (Zone 6a) wrote:

this is one of the plants i started with as a new gardener. she grows beautifully, can tolerate drier conditions once established. i have moved, cutback, transplanted, mailed and given away a lot of goldstrum. i have her in full sun and part sun where she thrives. i put some into a dappled shade condition this past spring and she got flowers, but didn't thrive as elsewhere.
i had planted it next to some foxgloves and the slugs ate all the foxgloves but one and did not touch the black-eyed susan.
she is a beautiful flower that looks good in a single clump, lined up along a driveway, or in a mass planting.


On Aug 21, 2003, k1093 from Crescent, IA (Zone 5b) wrote:

Great plant in the Midwest (U.S.); with the use of MiracleGro will reach plant heights of 5-6 feet.


On Aug 13, 2003, juneberry from Newland, NC wrote:

Great wild flower: variable petal sizes, good grower, nice flowers.