Ceiba Species, Kapok, Mapajo, Silk Cotton-Tree

Ceiba pentandra

Family: Malvaceae (mal-VAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Ceiba (SAY-buh) (Info)
Species: pentandra (pen-TAN-druh) (Info)
Synonym:Bombax pentandrum
Synonym:Ceiba anfractuosa
Synonym:Ceiba caribaea
Synonym:Ceiba casearia
Synonym:Eriodendron pentandrum



Water Requirements:

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


over 40 ft. (12 m)


over 40 ft. (12 m)


USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 °C (40 °F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:


Pale Yellow

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:

Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Bonsall, California

Moreno Valley, California

Dunnellon, Florida

Homestead, Florida

Naples, Florida

Palm Bay, Florida

Saint Petersburg, Florida

Sarasota, Florida

Tampa, Florida

Vero Beach, Florida

Vieques, Puerto Rico

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On May 8, 2006, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is a somewhat marginal tree in southern California in that it grows slow and doesn't immediately appear to be buttressing, as it does in the tropics. The Los Angeles arboretum has some trees that fit the description of this, but have brilliant red flowers. I found one photo on line that had similar flowers, but not quite as long. The trunk is similarly spined, though. Quite a sight in spring in southern California to see a tree void of leaves but covered with these huge, leathery deep red flowers.


On Dec 30, 2003, smmarkfan wrote:

The Kapok Tree Restaraunt may be closed, but the tree and original building still exist. It is now owned by Sam Ash Music. They are very proud of the history of their location, and will gladly show visitors around. I copied the following off of their website.

923 McMullen Booth Road
Clearwater, FL 33759
(727) 725-8062
Fax: (941) 724-8356
Store Hours:
Monday - Friday: 10:00 AM to 9:00 PM
Saturday: 10:00 AM to 7:00 PM
Sunday: 12:00 Noon to 6:00 PM

In case you haven’t heard there were some changes made to the Historic Kapok Tree Restaurant. If you haven’t visited the Sam Ash Music here in sunny Clearwater, Florida let us paint you a little picture. The tree outside our front door is ove... read more


On Oct 26, 2003, suncatcheracres from Old Town, FL wrote:

The only kapok tree I ever saw was in Clearwater, Florida, over twenty years ago, and it was in the center of a restaurant--gone many years now--called, of course, The Kapok Tree Restaurant. This rambling old building was kind of a mini-mall, with small shops opening off a long, hall-like atrium, and lots of tropical plantings, but the central attraction was the large restaurant with its kapok tree. The restaurant was famous for its fabulous desserts. I don't remember the tree being as spectacularly large as described here, but then it was growing out of its natural range, and I guess protected by the building itself.

I've never, ever, seen any other reference to the kapok tree, but of course it has shown up here on the PDB!


On Oct 25, 2003, Monocromatico from Rio de Janeiro,
Brazil (Zone 11) wrote:

This is the most massive tree of South America. Native of the rainforests from Amazon to Central America and Caribean islands, this is an icon, the largest species of its family, and absolutely magnificent tree.

The lower trunk is covered with thorns, and is suported by tabular roots that can cover several meters around. Once could even build a small house between those roots. In the Botanical Garden (Rio de Janeiro) there are 2 specimens, both huge trees, but it´s not common to see them outside their natural habitat (I doubt it could be cultivated outside Puerto Rico and Hawaii, regarding United States). These trees are so big that you can barely see the pink/red flowers when it blooms. The fruits are capsules that open when ripe, liberating a shower of small seeds covered ... read more


On Mar 3, 2003, marty66 wrote:

I've just read some information about this tree in a botanical book about the Cuban flora. I translate to you some of it (it's in French):

"...Ceiba is one of highest tree in Cuba and in the Caraibes, reaching more than 60m. The ancient slaves from Africa venerate this tree like the Baobab (same family). In Haiti it's the sacred terror tree, integrated in the voodoo aura..."

The author noted that in Cuba it's usually an isolated tree, rarely in large groups.

Itinéraires Botaniques dans l'ile de Cuba, Frère Marie-Victorin et Frère Léon, Institut Botanique de l'Université de Montréal, 1942.