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Tricyrtis Species, Hairy Toad Lily, Japanese Toad Lily

Tricyrtis hirta

Family: Liliaceae (lil-ee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Tricyrtis (try-SER-tis) (Info)
Species: hirta (HER-tuh) (Info)
Synonym:Compsoa hirta
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Sun Exposure:

Partial to Full Shade




This plant is resistant to deer

Foliage Color:



18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

Medium Purple

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Summer/Early Fall

Mid Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Auburn, Alabama

Huntsville, Alabama

Vincent, Alabama

Wetumpka, Alabama

Calistoga, California

Fremont, California

Monterey, California

Oakland, California

Pleasant Hill, California

Sacramento, California

San Francisco, California

Wellington, Colorado

Harwinton, Connecticut

Stamford, Connecticut

Keystone Heights, Florida

Wellborn, Florida

Atlanta, Georgia(2 reports)

Thomasville, Georgia

Chicago, Illinois

Grayslake, Illinois

Lake In The Hills, Illinois

Machesney Park, Illinois

Plainfield, Illinois

Quincy, Illinois

Salem, Illinois

Waukegan, Illinois

Winnetka, Illinois

Indianapolis, Indiana

Bloomfield, Iowa

Louisville, Kentucky

Mount Sterling, Kentucky

Franklin, Louisiana

Hammond, Louisiana

Lafayette, Louisiana

New Orleans, Louisiana

Bar Mills, Maine

Baltimore, Maryland

Pikesville, Maryland

Silver Spring, Maryland

Westminster, Maryland

Cambridge, Massachusetts

Duxbury, Massachusetts

Halifax, Massachusetts

Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts

Newton Highlands, Massachusetts

Constantine, Michigan

Garden City, Michigan

Saint Paul, Minnesota

South Saint Paul, Minnesota

Natchez, Mississippi

Raymond, Mississippi

Columbia, Missouri

Piedmont, Missouri

Auburn, New Hampshire

East Wakefield, New Hampshire

Jersey City, New Jersey

Neptune, New Jersey

Trenton, New Jersey

Averill Park, New York

Berkshire, New York

Brevard, North Carolina

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Hendersonville, North Carolina

High Point, North Carolina

Raleigh, North Carolina(2 reports)

Cincinnati, Ohio

Marietta, Ohio

Butler, Pennsylvania

Morrisville, Pennsylvania

New Hope, Pennsylvania

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Reynoldsville, Pennsylvania

West Chester, Pennsylvania

Conway, South Carolina

Greenville, South Carolina

Myrtle Beach, South Carolina

Rapid City, South Dakota

Elizabethton, Tennessee

Hendersonville, Tennessee

Alvin, Texas

Austin, Texas(2 reports)

Colmesneil, Texas

Conroe, Texas

Frisco, Texas

Garland, Texas

Houston, Texas

La Porte, Texas

Missouri City, Texas

Rockport, Texas

Essex Junction, Vermont

Evington, Virginia

Richmond, Virginia

Roanoke, Virginia

Sterling, Virginia

Kalama, Washington

Shoreline, Washington

Madison, Wisconsin(2 reports)

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Sep 19, 2013, gammaneetz from Garden City, MI (Zone 6a) wrote:

A great addition to the area in front of my house where it is in the shade 3/4 of the day. Is great with my pink turtlehead plants in the late summer and early fall.


On Mar 29, 2011, MissWeed from Raymond, MS (Zone 8b) wrote:

I've only had this plant since last autumn, and have kept it potted till now. It had gotten a bit leggy, so I cut it back and put the cuttings in water - they rooted within days, and now I have several more plants potted up.


On Oct 16, 2009, wfspr44 from Tulsa, OK wrote:

It grows perennially and strongly in Tulsa, Oklahoma, even spreading itself to 8 feet away, in almost total shade. I discovered today that bees spend a great time in a flower, wagging their abdomens while their head is deep in the flower's throat, leading me to believe the plant has plenty of nectar that can be used by bees. Bees are under lots of stress with pesticides, herbicides, being trucked across the country to pollinate crops, so growing flowers they can use pleases me.


On Oct 25, 2007, enya_34 from Madison, WI wrote:

There's a virus that effects tricyrtis and results in irregular molting of flowers. Watch out for irregular spots and flowers coloration!


On Apr 19, 2007, renruts from Trenton, NJ wrote:

Grows beautifully and multiplies each season.Blooms late into november


On Oct 23, 2006, quasymoto from Bloomfield, IA (Zone 5b) wrote:

I really love this plant and am so happy to have the ones I do have. This was the first "full" year in the ground. The foliage did great, but I didn't get any blooms. Not sure if it takes a while to get blooms or if I should have watered more. But I will water more next summer.


On Oct 4, 2004, Toxicodendron from Piedmont, MO (Zone 6a) wrote:

A beautiful plant with very welcome late season blooms. Mine often is still blooming when we get a frost in Autumn. However, because it blooms so late, it needs extra watering all summer and also the foliage will need protection from insects and diseases to look great with the blooms. I first tried it in the wooded areas here, but it looked awful and bloomed very sparingly. I now have them in a shady moist bed where they get regular care and they are loaded with blooms.


On Apr 2, 2004, TeaLeaves from mecosta, MI (Zone 5a) wrote:

Beautiful fall flowering shade plant. We wait every year for them to start blooming. Be aware - rabbits love to eat the flower buds.


On Jul 27, 2003, IslandJim from Keizer, OR (Zone 8b) wrote:

I really like this plant. Unfortunately, however, it doesn't like zone 10. First time I saw it was at a botanical garden in Bethesda, MD, where it was used as a ground cover. Very nice.


On Jun 10, 2003, greenjeans1 wrote:

This plant will start from cuttings taken in late spring thru early summer. I use 4-6 inch cuttings placed in soiless mix. They root rapidly. Greenjeans1


On Apr 20, 2003, sterhill from Atlanta, GA (Zone 7b) wrote:

I found that they will grow wonderfully from seed. Save the seed pods in the fall and start them under a shop light in the spring. I had hundreds! Had to cull them out and give away all I could. Planted them all over. Takes a little while to germinate, but very hardy!


On Jan 31, 2003, lupinelover from Grove City, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

Toad lily is a great plant for woodland gardens; it spreads enough to fill in, but is not in the least invasive. It responds to drought by going dormant prematurely, and will not bloom that year.


On Jul 1, 2001, RiseAnn from Rapid City, SD (Zone 5b) wrote:

Unusual white star shaped flowers speckled with purple in fall. Hairy foliage. Enjoys humus-rich, moist well drained soil. Blooms late fall - best viewed up close.