Species, Wild Rose, Beach Rose, Japanese Rose, Saltspray Rose, Ramanas Rose

Rosa rugosa

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Rosa (RO-zuh) (Info)
Species: rugosa (roo-GO-suh) (Info)
Synonym:Rosa andreae
Synonym:Rosa coruscans
Synonym:Rosa ferox
Synonym:Rosa pubescens
Synonym:Rosa regeliana
» View all varieties of Roses




36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)


USDA Zone 2a: to -45.5 C (-50 F)

USDA Zone 2b: to -42.7 C (-45 F)

USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Bloom Color:

Mauve and mauve blend (mb)

Bloom Shape:


Flower Fragrance:

Very Fragrant

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer



Patent Information:


Other Details:



Resistant to black spot

Resistant to mildew

Resistant to rust

Pruning Instructions:

Blooms on old wood; prune after flowering

Blooms on new wood; prune early to promote new growth

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Propagation Methods:

From softwood cuttings

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

Scarify seed before sowing

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:



Anchor Point, Alaska

Seward, Alaska

Anaheim, California

Carrick, California

Milford, Delaware

Snellville, Georgia

Carol Stream, Illinois

Chicago, Illinois

Glen Ellyn, Illinois

Washington, Illinois

Smiths Grove, Kentucky

Brookeville, Maryland

Roslindale, Massachusetts

South Lyon, Michigan

Traverse City, Michigan

Brandon, Mississippi

Marietta, Mississippi

Fredericton, New Brunswick

Fayetteville, North Carolina

Bucyrus, Ohio

Shawnee, Oklahoma

Waldport, Oregon

Greencastle, Pennsylvania

Middletown, Rhode Island

Wakefield, Rhode Island

Warwick, Rhode Island

Florence, South Carolina

Custer, South Dakota

Bellingham, Washington

Spokane, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On May 17, 2016, Aleco from Onsy,
Norway (Zone 7a) wrote:

Taken over most of the beaches in the area, forcing out the native cranesbills and hollies. Beach visits are also made troublesome by their extremely dense thorns. As a garden plant, they grow quickly, but die back more than other bushy roses I know. The blossoms are unsightly compared to basically any other rose, and they only last a few days.

Their only upside is their hips, which are rich in nutrition.


On Sep 27, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

Tough, easy, and adaptable, this species will naturalize happily in beach sand a hundred feet from the ocean. It blooms continuously through the season, with a strong clove/old rose fragrance. Flowers last only a day or so, and they make poor cut flowers. Deadheading helps keep blooms coming, but at the cost of the crop of hips.

This rose does not take well to pruning other than removing dead wood. Cut canes often die back further.

The hips are large and showy---tastiest when softened by frost, and excellent for making rose hip jelly or syrup (high in Vitamin C). The foliage develops excellent yellow-to-red fall color, at least in my climate.

The canes bristle with tightly packed, needle-like prickles.

This species spreads indefin... read more


On Feb 28, 2012, Gabrielle from (Zone 5a) wrote:

A fair enough species rose, decent hips. Blooms in July in my garden.


On Jun 2, 2009, GardenPixi from Anchor Point, AK wrote:

I love these roses. You only have to prune them. I have several different kinds of the Rosa rugosa. They do spread very aggressively. I am always giving them away, planting them in a different spot or just throwing them away. The rose hips taste amazing!


On Jan 14, 2008, spiny1000 from Lillestrm,
Norway (Zone 5a) wrote:

This plant makes good shelter in windy saline coastal areas and beaches, but beware of its invasive nature! It could fill your backyard, and is capable of displacing native species.
Very useful and beautiful though, but blacklisted in several countries.


On Jan 14, 2008, soarpoint from Warwick, RI wrote:

Rosa rugosa is also commonly referred to as beach rose. Living on Narragansett Bay, rugosa grows along the shoreline (and in my yard) "naturally". These wild rogasa tend to be pink and sometimes white. They can be very invasive, sending trailers out up to 18 inches from the main root. They get very leggy and I've found that they can be severely trimmed occasionally(early spring) and come back much thicker and healthier.


On Oct 8, 2004, trifunov from Brandon, MS (Zone 8a) wrote:

I planted several pinks ('Wildberry Breeze') and whites ('Wild Spice') in early summer this year. They make a beautiful hedge, growing relatively wide and low. They have a LOT of thorns, tiny spikey ones. Each flower lasts about a day, but they bloomed continuously (with deadheading) from when I planted them until late fall. If they are not deadheaded they make huge, beautiful red rosehips. Apparently rugosa roses do not like to be sprayed.


On Jun 8, 2003, vezza from Fostoria, OH (Zone 5b) wrote:

These roses will spread even into the yard via underground runners. Very aggressive!


On Dec 4, 2002, Weezingreens from Seward, AK (Zone 3b) wrote:

Rugosa roses originate from the coastal dunes along Northern Japan and Siberia. They are cold-hardy and disease resistant. The foliage of the rugosa is comprised of 5-9 ovate to elliptical leaflets that can reach 3" long and are wrinkled on the upper surface.

Pink or white blooms appear in summer, and in late summer, fruit develops (rose hips) that are the size of small crab apples. These rose hips are rich in vitamin C. There are many new cultivars of the original Japanese rugosa that was hybridized in England in the late 1800's. Now varieties are available with blooms of red, white, and yellow.

In Alaska, these roses are often referred to as 'Sitka Rose' because there is a unsubstantiated bit of folklore that states that this rose was introduced to Sitka by... read more