Coriandrum Species, Chinese Parsley, Cilantro, Coriander

Coriandrum sativum

Family: Apiaceae (ay-pee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Coriandrum (kor-ee-AN-drum) (Info)
Species: sativum (sa-TEE-vum) (Info)
Synonym:Coriandrum diversifolium
Synonym:Coriandrum globosum
Synonym:Coriandrum majus
Synonym:Coriandrum melphitense
View this plant in a garden




Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Grown for foliage


Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


9-12 in. (22-30 cm)


Not Applicable

Where to Grow:

Can be grown as an annual



Bloom Color:


White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Seward, Alaska

Goodyear, Arizona

Kingman, Arizona

Phoenix, Arizona

Tucson, Arizona

Alexander, Arkansas

Atwater, California

Castro Valley, California

Larkfield-Wikiup, California

Long Beach, California

Los Angeles, California

Menifee, California

Oak View, California

Rancho Palos Verdes, California

San Francisco, California

Altamonte Springs, Florida

Dunnellon, Florida

Hollywood, Florida(2 reports)

Rockledge, Florida

Welaka, Florida

West Palm Beach, Florida

Carrollton, Georgia

Decatur, Georgia

Flora, Indiana

Barbourville, Kentucky

Mount Sterling, Kentucky

Jonesville, Louisiana

Marrero, Louisiana

Lisbon, Maine

Litchfield, Maine

Raymond, Maine

Brighton, Massachusetts

Battle Creek, Michigan

Davison, Michigan

Blue Springs, Missouri

Las Vegas, Nevada

Port Norris, New Jersey

Santa Fe, New Mexico

Henderson, North Carolina

Belfield, North Dakota

Coalgate, Oklahoma

Hulbert, Oklahoma

Owasso, Oklahoma

Portland, Oregon

Cranberry Twp, Pennsylvania

Summerville, South Carolina

Clarksville, Tennessee

Murfreesboro, Tennessee

Austin, Texas(3 reports)

Brownsville, Texas

Carrollton, Texas

Dallas, Texas

Houston, Texas(3 reports)

North Richland Hills, Texas

Pflugerville, Texas

Round Rock, Texas

Weatherford, Texas

Chantilly, Virginia

Leesburg, Virginia

Palmyra, Virginia

Camano Island, Washington

Olympia, Washington

Spokane, Washington

Morgantown, West Virginia

Volga, West Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On May 23, 2010, MaryNeedsSleep from Morgantown, WV wrote:

Easy to grow, easy to save seeds. In the hottest part of the summer, it bolts in about 3 weeks here, so I grow it in a large bowl planter and reseed part of the planter every couple weeks. It has a taproot so it doesn't like to be transplanted, but I do transplant the first seedlings of the spring and they do fine for several weeks before bolting.

As a side note, the people who find that cilantro tastes like soap may be genetically unable to smell/taste the chemicals in the leaf that the rest of us adore -- google Dr. Wysocki, Monell Chemical Senses Center, soap, cilantro. People who hate it REALLY hate it (because they taste soap!) so I don't use it when cooking for a group unless I know everyone enjoys it. Chopping it finely may reduce the soap taste by activating enzy... read more


On Feb 3, 2009, dmj1218 from west Houston, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

It's a winter growing herb here in the deep south--dormant by end of June. Sometimes its perennial and begins growing again in the fall when it cools down and sometimes its not.


On Jan 18, 2009, thecrewsc from Summerville, SC (Zone 8a) wrote:

Have had success and failure with this plant. Does well some years, very pooly others. Usually well in a window with good light and moderate temps. It doesn't like acidic soils.
Like other plants in this family (parsley, dill, fennel, queen anne's lace, carrots, anise) it is a host plant for Anise and Eastern Black Swallowtails.
Unless growing in a sunny window for culinary use, it's best saved for the butterfly gardens.
For me, I'll keep growing it indoors and out.


On Mar 27, 2008, cejae from North Richland Hills, TX wrote:

Grow this plant along with various chili peppers for use in my homemade salsa and pepper jellies. Some of it went to seed last year and now I have it popping up several places in my garden. This is a plus for me!


On Feb 21, 2006, collincountytx from Dallas, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Zone 8; ammended clay soil; dryish, partial shade. Fastest growing herb I've tried. Planted seeds directly in ground mid fall (no cold frame). Thrived throughout the winter (even with three 72 hour freezes) Attractive bright green foliage. Now enjoying in salads, soups, salsa.


On Feb 4, 2006, Gabrielle from (Zone 5a) wrote:

Cilantro is a bit of an aquired taste. It sort of reminds me of dishsoap, but I do like a little in guacamole. I don't use much of it, but still like to plant it.


On Jan 10, 2006, purewildbarley from Orem, UT wrote:

On a whim I planted some cilantro this summer in a pot on the only porch I have: a shady stairwell. It grew, but not quickly. I transplanted some to a spot next to a south-facing window once it grew cold, and it grew quite well (even in basement apartment conditions! This should be encouragement for anyone seeking to grow indoor cilantro).

And now, just when it is starting to develop seeds, I have found the wretched whitefly is attacking it! I have put it in isolation ("detox") and clipped off the leaves that had the little whitefly scales on it. I would like to save the plant so I can get some seeds from it. Does anyone know how to eradicate whitefly? I prefer organic measures -- especially as this is a plant I am harvesting.


On Aug 7, 2003, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

Love the taste in salsa, but it can be VERY weedy. Do not allow it to go to seed, as you'll find yourself digging out cilantro seedlings for years to come.


On Aug 6, 2003, suncatcheracres from Old Town, FL wrote:

I like the taste of cilantro a lot and have tried for years to grow it, but have never been successful here in Florida. I have tried both bought plants and seeds in pots, in the ground, in sandy soil, in rich soil, in sun, in part shade--but I have never, ever, gotten past the large seedling stage, when all my plants up and died. From reading other's comments I think the problem is too much rain here in Florida. So from now on I will have to buy my cilantro at the supermarket, and feel like an adject failure as an herb grower.

I had beautiful herbs in my yard in a suburb of Atlanta, Georgia, zone 7b, and they survived snow and hail storms and 6 F degree winter lows, but in 10 years of living in St. Petersburg, zone 9b, and now here in Northcentral Florida, zone 8b, I have... read more


On Jul 16, 2003, PurplePansies from Deal, NJ (Zone 7a) wrote:

Delicious leaves for a variety of dishes, but failed to grow well in my garden. Dislikes rainy spells, and seems to dislike being transplanted. Mine were eaten HEAVILY by aphids.


On Jun 7, 2003, bellagato from Atwater, CA wrote:

I grew up with this plant...Cilantro is a wonderful plant and spice to use in many dishes, especially salsa and guacamole. It gives it that final touch that many dishes need. I grow it in my garden yearly and with lots of sun and water, just grows and grows. Cut the fresh leaves continually before it goes to flower and seed to keep it from fraying away. Love this plant!


On Jun 6, 2003, devanti8 from Davison, MI wrote:

Cilantro is my favorite fresh spice. It's easy to grow and is the perfect comliment in any tomato dish. It has a fresh clean smell! If you ever make your fresh salsa ...Use fesh roma tomatoes, red onion, lime, red pepper and fresh cilantro!!!!! It's the best! I left mine in the garden and it went ahead and grew for me again the following year!


On Jan 24, 2003, lupinelover from Grove City, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

Cilantro is a great herb to grow and to use. The leaves become unpalatable when flowering starts, though. Coriander is the same plant, the seeds are used for flavoring sweets.

It should be direct-sown from spring through summer for a long harvest; transplanting usually makes it bolt.