Myrtus Species, Myrtle

Myrtus communis

Family: Myrtaceae (mir-TAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Myrtus (MER-tus) (Info)
Species: communis (KOM-yoo-nis) (Info)




Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)


10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)


USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are fragrant

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From softwood cuttings

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Glendale, Arizona

Fresno, California

Napa, California

San Francisco, California

Seaside, California

Orlando, Florida

Grenoble, Rhône-Alpes

Alice, Texas

Blanket, Texas

Fulshear, Texas

Rockwall, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On May 6, 2018, GardenTexana from Rockwall, TX wrote:

Surprisingly these are very happy on the south side of my house in heavy black clay. Since they resent wet feet I planted them on a small berm. They have been in the ground for 6 years and have survived a couple of colder that usual winters in zone 8a with minimal branch dieback. They have a lovely natural shape and produce many gorgeous flowers and heavy crops of berries. The berries can be used to flavor Sardinian dishes and to make mirto, a purple liquor popular in Sardinia and Corsica. The foliage is a lovely glossy green and very fragrant.


On Jul 3, 2013, cactusjumper from Glendale, AZ (Zone 9b) wrote:

Assuming I have the correct species for this page, I have a Myrtus Boetica, known as Twisted Myrtle. This is a wonderful plant here in Phoenix, Arizona, zone 9b. It takes on a wonderful form with very little litter given its size. It took a while for it to get established, but once it did, it just grew wonderfully. One can trim the branches to fit in almost any area and to some degree its shape. It takes little water. I saturate the ground once a week in the Hotest parts of the summer, which may be much more than it needs.


On May 19, 2009, Agaveguy from San Antonio, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

I have never noticed any spines on this plant.


On Oct 21, 2002, welshherblady from Isle of Anglesey,North Wales,
United Kingdom (Zone 8a) wrote:

Myrtle is an attractive evergreen shrub which likes a sheltered well drained position. Does NOT like cold burning winds.
The aromatic flowers were used in bridal bouquets.
Medicinally an infusion made from the leaves is said to ease flatulence and colic,and to be useful in cases of chest infections when taken with honey.
Mytle berries are used to sweeten the breath and can also be used for hair colouring - though I have no personal experience with this!
Dried Myrtle berries were used as a spice.