Juglans cinerea

Family: Juglandaceae (joo-glan-DAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Juglans (JOO-glanz) (Info)
Species: cinerea (sin-EER-ee-uh) (Info)



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


over 40 ft. (12 m)


over 40 ft. (12 m)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:



Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:

Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Birmingham, Alabama

Ellijay, Georgia

Lisle, Illinois

Benton, Kentucky

Cumberland, Maryland

Binghamton, New York

Clifton Park, New York

Cincinnati, Ohio

Blairsville, Pennsylvania

Downingtown, Pennsylvania

West Newton, Pennsylvania

Hardwick, Vermont

Rosedale, West Virginia

Waukesha, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jul 13, 2016, Timberplot from Blairsville, PA wrote:

The Butternut, often called White Walnut, is a North American native. Not a common tree, the Butternut has sticky buds, twigs and fruits. The tree is sought mostly for the elongated nuts more than the wood as the nuts are rich in proteins, minerals, vitamins and antioxidant properties. The wood is used for interior trim and furniture. The tree seems fond of well drained, sandy soils in our area. I remember my grandmother cleaning Butternuts on the back porch to use in her baking recipes. A large Butternut tree grew in the back yard.


On Dec 12, 2013, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

Compound leaves are 10 to 30" long with 7 to 19 leaflets and hairy on the underside. I found a very excellent specimen of this species east of Newtown Square, PA, off Rt #3 in a yard of a18th century stome house that is surrounded by a large condominium complex. It looked so good without any brown leaf or twig damage by a canker disease called Sirococcus that a botanist thought it might really be the Japanese Butternut or a hybrid Japanese x American Butternut that are resistant to this disease that can be devastating. In June 2015 I saw several American Butternuts at Morton Arboretum that all looked good without any great damage to them. also. It is a handsome tree, though I know it will be messy like other walnuts in a residential yard. It is not found most everywhere in its native range... read more


On Aug 1, 2006, gschlut from Waukesha, WI wrote:

Great shade tree that is declining because of butternut canker. Very fast grower, beautiful foliage, good crop of butternuts in fall. This summer I saw almost 5 feet of growth from my 2nd year butternut!