Baptisia Species, White False Indigo, White Wild Indigo

Baptisia alba

Family: Fabaceae (fab-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Baptisia (bap-TIS-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: alba (AL-ba) (Info)
Synonym:Baptisia albescens
Synonym:Baptisia albiflora
Synonym:Baptisia lactea
Synonym:Baptisia leucantha



Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Bloom Color:

Medium Purple

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

From seed; germinate in a damp paper towel

Scarify seed before sowing

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Daphne, Alabama

Crawfordville, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida(2 reports)

Lady Lake, Florida

Lake City, Florida

Austell, Georgia

Alton, Illinois

Glen Ellyn, Illinois

Lisle, Illinois

Waukegan, Illinois

Iowa City, Iowa

Merryville, Louisiana

Waterford, Michigan

Watervliet, Michigan

Lone Jack, Missouri

Raleigh, North Carolina

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

Arlington, Virginia

Leesburg, Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 26, 2014, mfast10 from Altoona, PA (Zone 6a) wrote:

I planted two Baptisia alba plants each with two sprouts last year in a small dry bed next to my driveway that also has a crepe myrtle that gets LOTS of sun and heat. They did fine last year establishing themselves and this year have exploded with new growth now each with 4 new sprouts already over a foot tall each. I am excited to see the white flowers on each plant when they bloom.


On Nov 1, 2013, gtbabic from The Villages, FL wrote:

This plant takes several years to flower. It does not like transplanting, so be sure it is in the right place at the start. In central FL, it is growing in sun / light shade but does get leggy after flowering in spring. It is a host plant for some butterflies and many butterflies like the flowers. To me, it is best as a background plant because post-flowering it is not that attractive.


On Jan 4, 2007, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

White False Indigo Baptisia alba is Native to Texas and other States.


On Aug 28, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

The root was used by Indians to treat typhus, scarlet fever and dysentery. It was also used to promote vomiting, treat eczema, long standing sores and wounds.

Can reach up to 5' tall. Flowers are typicall white a pea-like.