Embothrium Species, Chilean Fire Bush, Flame Flower

Embothrium coccineum

Family: Proteaceae (pro-tee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Embothrium (em-BOTH-ree-um) (Info)
Species: coccineum (kok-SIN-ee-um) (Info)



Water Requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

30-40 ft. (9-12 m)


12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)


USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Scarlet (dark red)

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Brazoria, Texas

Brownsville, Texas

El Campo, Texas

Spicewood, Texas

Victoria, Texas

Bellevue, Washington

Federal Way, Washington

Olympia, Washington

Seattle, Washington(2 reports)

Tacoma, Washington

Vashon, Washington

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Oct 25, 2014, emortal from christchurch,
New Zealand wrote:

I have a 15 foot Embothrium tree growing on my property that withstands frosts of minus 8C with no problems,i'm in christchurch, NEW ZEALAND, it is growing in light sandy soil 1km from the sea,evergreen and flowers freely in October each year


On Feb 19, 2014, Anisotome from Tresta, Shetland Islands,
United Kingdom wrote:

I have several Embothrium coccineum in my garden, all originally raised from seed collected in Tierra del Fuego and donated to my plant collection by the Faroese Forestry Depatment and Milde Arboretum, Norway. They survived long spells of -12 Celsius and the occasional dip to -14. This tree is easily raised from seed, sown as soon as ripe and kept out of doors, but second generation seedlings took a long time to get into their stride on nutrient-poor, highly acidic soil, looked starved with purple-tinged leaves but, resisting the urge to feed them, which must never be done, they have now found their feet. In flower, these plants are scond to none and look impossible exotic in my 60 degrees north garden.


On May 22, 2013, Recognita from Edmonds, WA wrote:

Plants with quite narrow leaves, most or all of which drop in fall probably referable to the E. coccineum Lanceolatum cultivar group rather than typical E. coccineum. Plants appearing to fit Lanceolatum the dominant type in my area for instance, where typical E. coccineum might not be hardy. The only evergreen version I have seen here is 'Inca Flame', on the market for a brief period, which having ~narrow evergreen leaves probably belongs to the Longifolium cultivar group.


On Jun 9, 2008, growin from Beautiful, BC (Zone 8b) wrote:

In my opinion, a completely under-utilized tree in the Pacific Northwest. When in bloom - a mesmerizing experience as if it were on fire. Good drainage, sun and protection is what it does well with and the results are breath-taking. A highly desireable tree worth every penny.


On Aug 13, 2003, AJQ from Bangor,
United Kingdom wrote:

Do not fertilise. Phosphates will kill this plant !