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Scots Pine, European Redwood, Scotch Pine

Pinus sylvestris

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Pinus (PY-nus) (Info)
Species: sylvestris (sil-VESS-triss) (Info)




Foliage Color:



Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


over 40 ft. (12 m)


30-40 ft. (9-12 m)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:


Bloom Time:

Mid Spring


Grown for foliage




Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

By grafting

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:


Prescott, Arizona

Yucca Valley, California

Grand Junction, Colorado

Glen Ellyn, Illinois

Macy, Indiana

West Lafayette, Indiana

Benton, Kentucky

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Two Harbors, Minnesota

Beach, North Dakota

Belfield, North Dakota

Dickinson, North Dakota

Bend, Oregon

Downingtown, Pennsylvania

Orem, Utah

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jan 23, 2014, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

It is a pretty coniferous tree with its bluish-green needles in 2's and its young bark being orange and flaky. It is also tough and tolerates alkaline soil, heavy clay soil, pollution, and salt almost as much as the Austrian Black Pine. It used to be the most commonly planted pine many years ago in northern Illinois until overtaken by Black Pine. In the Chicago area many trees have been killed since the 1980's by the Pinewood Nematode transfered by pine bark beetles; in fact, probably most of them. It is not recommended there anymore. I've seen it occassionally planted in southeast PA.


On Apr 24, 2010, SleepyFox from Prescott, AZ (Zone 7a) wrote:

This is certainly a very versatile species. It thrives well here in the high Ponderosa pine forests of central Arizona where conditions are very dry outside of our long winters. I have had to care for it very little since planting it besides the occasional watering, and despite the poor, bone dry, rocky clay soil I planted it in, It's growing nearly a foot each year. I have also observed this same species thriving at a relative's farm in Indiana, showing that it has a wide variety of climate tolerances.


On Feb 11, 2008, borja_fg from Madrid,
Spain (Zone 8a) wrote:

Pinus sylvestris is native to several parts of Spain. In Madrid It grows in mountain areas from 1200 to 1800 meters above sea level. I have seen several big specimens of this tree with at least 30-35 meters high.


On Mar 25, 2006, TBGDN from (Zone 5a) wrote:

The Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris; family Pinaceae) is a common tree ranging from Great Britain and Spain east to eastern Siberia and the Caucasus Mountains, and as far north as Lapland. In the British Isles it is now native only in Scotland. Scots Pine is the only pine native to northern Europe, forming either pure forests or alongside Norway Spruce, Silver Birch, Common Rowan, Eurasian Aspen and other hardwood species. Scots Pine is the National tree of Scotland, and formed much of the Caledonian Forest which once covered much of the Scottish Highlands. Scots Pine has also been widely planted in New Zealand and much of the colder regions of North America.

I planted two young plants many years ago as mere 'twigs' of 8-10" each. All these years later they now stand at about 2... read more


On Jan 27, 2005, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

This pine is unique and easy to spot because the upper trunk and large branches are a smooth bright orange. The needles are 2" to 3" long and the cones are 1 1/2' to 2 1/2"

A very popular pine tree in the fresh Christmas Tree industry.


On Apr 30, 2004, shawnkilpatrick from Yucca Valley, CA wrote:

Planted a Scotch Pine as a seedling in the fall of 2003, it has grown vigorously! I have seen a few around the high desert area of Southern California and they are very interesting looking, with pretty green needles.


On Dec 15, 2002, Baa wrote:

Large evergreen tree from Europe and parts of Asia.

Has twisted, long, needle like, blue-green to yellow-green leaves. Bark is reddish brown and flaking, base of the trunk becomes greyer with age. Bears greenish female cones that ripen reddish-brown.

This is a shallow rooted tree and prefers sandy soils in full sun and lots of drainage. It dislikes sea air and high levels of rainfall.

Provides a good source of timber and also has resin, turpentine and tar extracted from it.

The essential oils are also used medicinally.