Trifolium Species, Ladino Clover, White Clover, White Dutch Clover

Trifolium repens

Family: Fabaceae (fab-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Trifolium (try-FOH-lee-um) (Info)
Species: repens (REE-penz) (Info)
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Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade



Good Fall Color

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


under 6 in. (15 cm)


6-9 in. (15-22 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Mid Spring

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Seed Collecting:

Collect seedhead/pod when flowers fade; allow to dry


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Atmore, Alabama

Saraland, Alabama

San Leandro, California

Sunnyvale, California

Aurora, Colorado

Laurel, Delaware

Fort Walton Beach, Florida

Melbourne, Florida

Oviedo, Florida

Alsip, Illinois

Moline, Illinois

Coralville, Iowa

Brookville, Kansas

Benton, Kentucky

Hebron, Kentucky

Louisville, Kentucky

Prospect, Kentucky

Salvisa, Kentucky

Marrero, Louisiana

Brookeville, Maryland

Belleville, Michigan

Mount Morris, Michigan

Novi, Michigan

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Saucier, Mississippi

Cole Camp, Missouri

Rogersville, Missouri

Springfield, Missouri

Las Vegas, Nevada

Buffalo, New York

Pawling, New York

Syracuse, New York

West Kill, New York

Beach, North Dakota

Belfield, North Dakota

Medora, North Dakota

Massillon, Ohio

Hulbert, Oklahoma

Greencastle, Pennsylvania

Millersburg, Pennsylvania

Columbia, South Carolina

Rock Hill, South Carolina

Summerville, South Carolina

Clarksville, Tennessee

Dallas, Texas

Lumberton, Texas

Richmond, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

Virginia Beach, Virginia

Cle Elum, Washington

Kirkland, Washington

Lacey, Washington

Puyallup, Washington

Quinault, Washington

Rainier, Washington

Spokane, Washington

Yelm, Washington

Peterstown, West Virginia

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Feb 13, 2010, garyon from Syracuse, NY wrote:

Trifolium repens has been identified as the Ireland's shamrock. I like to plant pots in January for St. Patrick's Day.


On Apr 30, 2008, lalalynn from Manhattan Beach, CA wrote:

I've been looking to replace my lawn(s) with a no- or low-water/mow/fertilize plant. I kept running into 100% clover as an option for a walkable green carpet effect. Everything I've read about this clover makes it sound like a lush, eco-sensitive choice. I just bought 2 pounds of seed and plan to sow next week. I will let you know how it turns out and if this clover stands up to the task!


On Nov 20, 2006, Farmerdill from Augusta, GA (Zone 8a) wrote:

This is a great pasture clover. A great nitrogen supplier that was used extensively before the advent of cheap high nitrogen fertilizers. I even like it in the lawn, supplies nitrogen and keeps green when grasses brown due to drought. If you have a high maintenance pure grass lawn you will hate it, but if you go for low maintenance natural, you will love it.


On Jun 11, 2006, Bogwalker from Grand Rapids, MI wrote:

I planted White Dutch Clover by seed in May and already have a nice green cover for lawn replacement and to to use as a green mulch/ground cover for a sunny front yard as I wait for trees to grow, and then to plant shade loving perinneals. My dad who has farmed for 50 years in Indiana said they always planted it by "the darkening moon in February." He said "You could see the seeds bounce off the top of the snow and it always came up just right in the spring."


On Nov 23, 2005, Breezymeadow from Culpeper, VA (Zone 7a) wrote:

Since I'm not a "Lawn Nazi" (lol), I too adore this plant, & it grows beautifully here in Virginia. It is frequently used as an addition to lawn grasses in new developments on sloping ground.

Besides the nostalgia of making crowns & necklaces out of the flowers as a child, I especially love how attractive it is to both honeybees & bumblebees.


On Nov 22, 2005, winter_unfazed from Rural Webster County, MO (Zone 6a) wrote:

The name 'repens' means 'creeping' in Latin and it's fitting for this plant. It is the most troublesome perennial weed around here for gardens nearby, (even more so than dock). However, its leaves are said to be edible and the flowers attract butterflies. It's easiest to appreciate clover after Oct. 1 or so, when there are few blooming and the ones that do attract butterflies (the butterflies look for any flower there is, because there isn't much else around). It also is used in some places to make a grassless lawn of clover. I'll bet it does a good job covering the ground!


On Jan 2, 2005, CatskillKarma from West Kill, NY wrote:

I happen to love the stuff--nothing's easier to sprout. However, they do sell the seed to hunters around here--to start a Dutch clover patch to attract deer. If you don't want deer in your yard, don't sow white clover!


On Jan 1, 2005, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

For those who have a lawn instead of a yard, White Dutch Clover is a menace. The cheerful little flowers dot themselves across the perfect carpet.

I, on the other hand, adore it. It blooms in white waves across my yard, blending nicely with the dandelions. The honeybees love it, as do butterflies.

As a child, I made many a necklace by tying the stems together and there was never a more lovely tiara than when a clover wreath was adorned with dandelion 'jewels'.

The roots fix nitrogen in the soil and it has few pests.


On Jun 6, 2004, CaptMicha from Brookeville, MD (Zone 7a) wrote:

White clover would be a great plant if it wasn't a weed.

Clover is a host plant for many smaller butterfly larvae, food for wildlife, nectar source for bees and butterflies and is recommended as a great groundcover in place of a lawn.