Circaea Species, Broadleaf Enchanter's Nightshade, Enchanter's Nightshade

Circaea lutetiana

Family: Onagraceae (on-uh-GRAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Circaea (sir-SEE-a) (Info)
Species: lutetiana (loo-tee-shee-AY-nuh) (Info)



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade

Partial to Full Shade



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


12-15 in. (30-38 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From herbaceous stem cuttings

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Urbana, Illinois

New Carlisle, Indiana

Valparaiso, Indiana

Millersburg, Pennsylvania

West Chester, Pennsylvania

Leesburg, Virginia

Seattle, Washington

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Aug 9, 2016, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

Not showy at all.

I see colonies of this tens of feet across, mostly in disturbed places.

In the garden I treat it as a weed and pull it up whenever I see it. It does seem to have a rhizome that doesn't all come up when I pull it, but this is one of the few perennial weeds that I can fairly easily control through pulling without any digging.

Most of the plants I see are not much more than 12" tall.


On Aug 9, 2016, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

If I see this native wildflower in the woods as a wild plant, I leave it alone. However, I have pulled up many of this species as a weed in shady gardens, as it is very prolific. It pulls up very easily, though it often has some slender, white rhizomes with the more fibrous roots. Its sticky little bur fruits, first green, then brown, do stick to clothing like crazy where I have to pick off a good number of them off myself after touching them even just a little bit or brushing by them.


On Jul 8, 2013, plant_it from Valparaiso, IN wrote:

This is one of the woodland wildflowers that blooms during the summer in shaded areas. The flowers are small, white and delicate.

The nectar and pollen of the flowers attract small bees, including Halictid bees and Little Carpenter bees. They are also visited by Syrphid flies. Birds and mammals help to distribute the seeds, as the small burs can cling to feathers and fur. These seed-bearing burs can cling to the clothing of humans as well. Deer occasionally browse on the foliage.

Enchanter's Nightshade spreads by both seed and rhizomes, often creating small colonies in woodlands.