Monarda Species, Eastern Bee Balm, Bradbury's Beebalm, Horsemint, Wild Bergamot

Monarda bradburiana

Family: Lamiaceae (lay-mee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Monarda (mo-NAR-da) (Info)
Species: bradburiana (brad-bur-ee-AH-nuh) (Info)
Synonym:Monarda amplexicaulis
Synonym:Monarda rigida
Synonym:Monarda villosa




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade



Bloom Color:



White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall




Other details:

This plant may be considered a protected species; check before digging or gathering seeds

Soil pH requirements:

5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From herbaceous stem cuttings

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Pacific Junction, Iowa

Millersville, Maryland

Roslindale, Massachusetts

Redford, Michigan

Lincoln, Nebraska

Hudson, New Hampshire

Manchester, New Hampshire

Great Cacapon, West Virginia

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Jan 22, 2015, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

This plant has a lot going for it:

1) I planted it in a dry area with competing maple roots, but it has shown no sign of powdery mildew.

2) It's remained in a tight clump for two full seasons and shows no signs of wandering like most beebalms.

3) The foliage is nicely tinged with bronze, especially early in the season.

4) It's fairly short and needs no support.

Its one disadvantage, in my view, is the insipid pallid washy pinky-lavenderish flower color.

I hope some adventurous backyard hybridizer puts this species to use.


On Jan 22, 2015, sladeofsky from Louisville, KY (Zone 6b) wrote:

This Native American bee balm blooms earlier than most, is relatively low growing, and can be grown in sun or shade. One of its greatest attributes is that it is generally resistant to mildew.


On Oct 15, 2008, Meredith79 from Southeastern, NH (Zone 5b) wrote:

Monarda bradburiana does not get more than 2' and it blooms in early June. Here the foliage gets edged with burgundy hughes, I added a picture to show this. It's actually very attractive to me even when not flowering, while all the other Monarda I grow tend to get very unattractive foliage after blooming. I also noticed a couple flowers that had double heads, almost like a double fountain effect, which I thought was nice. These are easy to grow from seed and if germinated in spring they will bloom the following spring.