Allium, Common Garlic, Cultivated Garlic

Allium sativum

Family: Alliaceae
Genus: Allium (AL-ee-um) (Info)
Species: sativum (sa-TEE-vum) (Info)
Synonym:Allium controversum
Synonym:Allium longicuspis
Synonym:Allium ophioscorodon
Synonym:Allium pekinense
Synonym:Porrum ophioscorodon
» View all varieties of Onions and Garlic





Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade


Grown for foliage



This plant is resistant to deer

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


12-18 in. (30-45 cm)


6-9 in. (15-22 cm)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:


Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the bulb's scales

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Heflin, Alabama

Desert View Highlands, California

Earp, California

Oak Park, California

Palmdale, California

Vincent, California

Wilton, Connecticut

Inverness, Florida

Keystone Heights, Florida

Miami, Florida

Duluth, Georgia

Blockton, Iowa

Versailles, Kentucky

White Cloud, Michigan

Clinton, Mississippi

Jackson, Mississippi

Averill Park, New York

Deposit, New York

Greene, New York

Jefferson, New York

South Richmond Hill, New York

Thompson Ridge, New York

Hulbert, Oklahoma

Tulsa, Oklahoma

Gresham, Oregon

Milford, Pennsylvania

Conway, South Carolina

Cookeville, Tennessee

Austin, Texas

College Station, Texas

Dallas, Texas

Deer Park, Texas

Elgin, Texas

Hereford, Texas

Irving, Texas

Fredericksburg, Virginia

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 3, 2018, Siirenias from Oak Park, CA (Zone 9b) wrote:

I often collect the "runts" that are too small to bother cooking and plant them like seeds. As I live in dry and sunny southern California, my yield isn't great, but they're free with purchase of your average head of garlic.

I'm incredibly fond of garlic greens. As long as you leave the youngest leaf to grow, you can harvest greens for garnish without a significant drop in growth rate.

I have also heard that you can hedge out gophers with these if you have an in-ground vegetable garden. As a bonus, you get new heads of garlic before the year is done!


On Sep 30, 2012, BruceandBobsGar from Hillsboro, OR wrote:

I started a message about garlic but seemed that I delete it by mistake. So here goes with another try.
I plan to grow garlic in raised beds 46" wide. I have sloping sides as I just shovel up the beds prior to planting. I plan to water with tubes between all the rows but not outside the outside row of garlic.
How far apart should I make the rows and how far apart should I plant the cloves? I would like to get as many plants in each bed as I can but I still want good growth and large heads. I will add fertilizer during the growth to help it grow large.
Thanks for any suggestions that you can send me.
[email protected]


On Jul 5, 2012, Thebotanyboss from Johnson City, TN wrote:

Very nice flavor.Garlic has always been an excellent plant to add to the garden.I have also used it as a decorative element.


On Jan 12, 2012, Bloomfly22 from Palmdale, CA (Zone 8a) wrote:

Wonderful plant! I never am disappointed with it. I always get nice sized bulbs from it.


On Nov 15, 2007, WUVIE from Hulbert, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Planting garlic is terribly easy. Something to dig with is all you need to get started. If you have a speed drill, planting garlic will be a breeze!

Attach a paddle bit to your speed drill. Use a size that will allow the garlic width to fit into the hole you will produce by using the bit. For example, most common garlic cloves are generally not over 1
wide, so you could use a paddle bit of that size. Drill a hole three times as deep as the clove is long. It is easier to drill all of your holes, then plant. Once your holes are all drilled, push just a bit of the soil back into the hole, then push the garlic clove into the hole.

Youll want to plant the clove so that the flat end is down in the hole and the little pointy part is sticking up. Press the ... read more


On Jan 13, 2004, suncatcheracres from Old Town, FL wrote:

I read that garlic was a good companion plant for both roses and fruit trees, so when I saw a big fat bulb that was starting to show little green sprouts at a local grocery store this Fall, I brought it home, broke it up and poked the little cloves into the soil around my two antique rose bushes and around the trunk of my Brown Turkey fig, which are in the same bed. The garlic is suppose to repel pests from both the roses and any fruit trees.

I was quite surprised at how fast the garlic shot up out of the ground and reached a height of a foot or more in less than six weeks. It has survived our few frosts--the lowest at my place has been 28, so far, here in Northcentral Florida, zone 8b, We had a wonderfully long Indian Summer, and even the Winter has been quite mild--agai... read more


On Jan 12, 2004, ButterflyDust from Riverside, CA wrote:

Planting garlic or onions are a great and safe way to keep gophers away from your garden plants.


On Jan 22, 2003, lupinelover from Grove City, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

Garlic is one of the simplest plants to grow. Plant the clove an inch or less beneath the soil in fall. New leaves will appear before winter, then in the spring they will grow quickly to 18" tall. Bulbs are ready to harvest when the leaves start to brown.

Garlic does not flower; some varieties form a flower stalk that produces bulblets in the summer. These can be eaten or planted. Allowing the flower stalk to remain can reduce the quality of the flowering bulb.