Neem Tree

Azadirachta indica

Family: Meliaceae (me-lee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Azadirachta (ay-zad-ih-RAK-tuh) (Info)
Species: indica (IN-dih-kuh) (Info)



Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


over 40 ft. (12 m)


8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 ░C (20 ░F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 ░C (25 ░F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 ░C (30 ░F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 ░C (35 ░F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 ░C (40 ░F)

Where to Grow:

Can be grown as an annual

Suitable for growing in containers



Bloom Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

Scarify seed before sowing

Seed Collecting:

Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:



Peel, Arkansas

Oxnard, California

Ramona, California

Arcadia, Florida

Brandon, Florida

Lakeland, Florida

Longboat Key, Florida

Merritt Island, Florida

Seffner, Florida

Winter Haven, Florida

Kenner, Louisiana

Houston, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jun 8, 2018, paolodavidsacco from Torino,
Italy wrote:

Il neem Ŕ una pianta eccezionale forse la miglior medicina per piante, animali e esseri umani. ╚ considerata una delle piante pi¨ importanti nel Forest Gardening, da diffondere con assoluta prioritÓ, come consigliato dall' Organizzazione mondiale per la salute. L'ho vista crescere in zone desertiche e di forte salinitÓ, sebbene perda le foglie poi rigetta vigorosamente alle prime piogge o irrigazioni. Molto resistente, non soggetta a patogeni, resiste a qualche grado sotto lo zero. Si moltiplica per seme raccolto non appena maturo perchŔ perde la germinabilitÓ in una decina di giorni. La zona di coltivazione pi¨ vicina all'europa sono le Isole Canarie (Tenerife, Fuerteventura).


On Sep 1, 2016, greenman62 from Kenner, LA (Zone 9a) wrote:

This is a great tree to grow
for its many uses.
i love the smell of the leaves when cut.
i like the look of the small soft leaves too.

it grows fast, and though ive read overwatering can kill it
it has rained here 15 of the last 20 days
and its shown no problems (3gal conmtainer)

my understanding is it shows signs of stress at 40F
and damage at 30F
though, it can survive down to 24F or so, and come back from the roots.
but i wouldnt suggest this... i may have no choice.
as it can get big, and i want to plant it out.
Here in New Orleans we do get 26 to 28F type temps every few years. Hopefully it will be large and strong enough by that time, that it will handle those temps. i can only give it... read more


On Apr 17, 2016, Lodewijkp from Zwolle,
Netherlands (Zone 7a) wrote:


It's doing rather well indoors in partial sun and it does not have any pests like it used to. I think this is because young plants simply do not have enough alkaloids to combat pests, but now it's older and seem to repel mites and mealies as well.. Im keeping it in partial sun otherwise it grows too fast and keep it in very airy organic substrate.

Watering can be reduced once the tree is older and is pretty drought tolerant. You need to let the pot dry out before watering it and once it's dry just keep it dry for a few days (unlike most plants) . Very reliable indoor plant if you have the space and very ornamental.

I am taking cuttings and grow a few indoors combined with nicotiana rustica to repel any pests.
-------------... read more


On Jan 10, 2014, elaine_in_spain from santa pola,
Spain wrote:

I planted 5 seeds on my south facing balcony in potting compost after scarifying the seeds, and after 25 days one seed germinated. In the first 10 weeks it was growing fine, and the tap root was pushing it's way out of the drainage holes in the pot, so I repotted it then brought it inside as the autumn winds were getting up. I put it in a south facing window were it's leaves promptly turned yellow and all fell off! I left it alone, only giving it a half cup of water every 10 days or so (when the earth felt really dry) and noticed just yesterday that it is sprouting new leaves! (8 weeks after losing them all!)
Has this happened to anyone else? I think maybe it was too much stress repotting AND bringing inside all in the same week. But it is looking healthy again now. I'm looking forw... read more


On Sep 21, 2012, DesertRose_50 from Peel, AR (Zone 7a) wrote:

I have raised this tree since it was a baby.
It is now 10 years old. And i am now in the process of collecting the seeds for starting new ones. I use the plastic netting that they sell in grocery stores for oranges, for holding the seeds while they mature so the bats or birds do not take the seeds.
It has a beautiful scent that reminds me of the orange trees in Fla. Heavenly scent!
I grow it here in AR. on my porch when temps are nice.
It is almost time to bring it back in for overwinter here, if the temps get any lower. It likes the south sun in winter here.
I make natural soaps and tea from it so far.
I have baby neems that have just sprouted from my viable seeds.
I LOVE this tree!


On Jul 23, 2012, Omoloya from Hamilton Township, NJ (Zone 7a) wrote:

I have a neem seedling that I have not overwatered, potted with a *bit* of Plant-Tone, had been sheltered from excessive sun (but now is in full morning sun) and is looking rather frail. Not dead. Not dying. Just frail.

Please help!


On Aug 19, 2011, juku from York Point, NS (Zone 5a) wrote:

My 6' tall neem tree is in a container, which I kept outdoor in the back patio during the summer. I was curious to find out whether neem would repel mosquitoes as some has claimed.

My findings after a number of times I was outside doing BBQ or watering plants in the last 2 months:
- within 6' radius, there are virtually no mosquitoes.
- within 14' radius, there are significantly less of them buzzing around, in comparision to other years.

I hope these findings confirmed that neem does make a different, not because of other factors. Given the threat of west Nile virus spreading via mosquitoes, I'd love to have dozens of the neem trees to guard the yards, in that case.
I enjoyed my neem tree in any case, mistaken miracle or not.


On Aug 9, 2010, DDFaye from Cedar Creek, TX wrote:

Hello there!

I just wanted to share a little of my experience with the neem tree that I have been advocating, researching and promoting for almost two decades in the USA and Africa, as well as India where the laudable Neem Foundation organization contributes significantly to this cause through their World Neem Conferences events.

I am from Senegal, West Africa (residing in Texas) where recent US project reported in 2003 a Senegal national park of 18-20 million adult neem trees. Also in 1992, USAID funded an international ad-hoc panel to investigate neem worldwide with a stunning finding of the Senegal neem quality superiority in azadirachtnin content (9mg/gram of Neem Seed Kernel; NSK). Check out the book: "Neem. A Tree For Solving Global Problems" (page 3... read more


On Jun 28, 2007, Magpye from NW Qtr, AR (Zone 6a) wrote:

Other common names are: margosa tree, Indian lilac, and balnimb and is in the same plant family as mahogany .. and is . Among other things, its wood is used for timber, its bark for fibre and its seeds for fuel.

Neem trees are planted to provide shade and prevent soil erosion. Its wood can be used as a substitute for true mahogany, because it is heavy and similarly red in colour. Neem trees provide a very durable lumber .. so, is excellent for making carts, agricultural tools, bridges and for boat building.

Neem is also a good plant used for making poles because it will re-sprout after it is cut, and is thus easily pollarded or coppiced.

The bark of the Neem tree, is rough and its color can be pale to greyish-black. The tree produces a useful ... read more