Heads-up! Our Annual Photo contest will be open for entries this Thursday the 18th!

Betel Pepper, Betel Vine

Piper betle

Family: Piperaceae
Genus: Piper (PIP-er) (Info)
Species: betle (BET-lee) (Info)
Synonym:Chavica betle



Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Vines and Climbers

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade


Grown for foliage


Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


under 6 in. (15 cm)

6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

Pale Green

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From herbaceous stem cuttings

By simple layering

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds

Seed does not store well; sow as soon as possible


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Birmingham, Alabama

Agana Heights, Guam

Hawaiian Paradise Park, Hawaii

Marrero, Louisiana

Jonesville, Virginia

Gardeners' Notes:


On Sep 20, 2016, Ted_B from Birmingham, AL (Zone 8a) wrote:

Much of the "Piper betle" sold in western commerce by both commercial and private sellers alike is actually misidentified Piper sarmentosum, and this includes plants in several of the images here. Having been sold the incorrect species by one otherwise reputable commercial seller, it becomes clear that potential buyers should be made aware of the differences and the tendency for westerners to get the two confused, given their similar physical appearance. I've provided a side-by-side image that illustrates the differences.

P. betle is an adventurous, branching vertical climber with mature stems becoming woody, and with smoother leaves that possess a powerful, spicy, and somewhat bitter aromatic flavor that gets one's attention in the way that raw ginger root does.
... read more


On Jul 31, 2011, Love2bugs from Jonesville, VA wrote:

This betel plant is used as a herb for wrapping for Thai snack and chop the leaf to put in the curry for sea food for nice aroma. The gourmet cook uses the leaf to wrap fish for grilling.


On Sep 23, 2007, Kada from Southern,
Taiwan wrote:

This is the leaf used in the Betel nut chew. Very strongly flavoured leaves are wrapped around the nut with a lime paste.

Fast growing vine. Cuttings are easy to take often having root buds at every leaf.