Monarda, Bee Balm, Beebalm, Bergamot, Firecracker Plant, Horsemint, Mountain Mint, Oswego Tea 'Jacob Cline'

Monarda didyma

Family: Lamiaceae (lay-mee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Monarda (mo-NAR-da) (Info)
Species: didyma (DID-ee-muh) (Info)
Cultivar: Jacob Cline
Additional cultivar information:(aka Jacob Kline)




Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

Scarlet (dark red)

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

From herbaceous stem cuttings

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Huntsville, Alabama

Covina, California

San Francisco, California

Brighton, Colorado

Denver, Colorado

Frisco, Colorado

New Milford, Connecticut

Wilmington, Delaware

Deland, Florida

Wauchula, Florida

Cordele, Georgia

Cornelia, Georgia

Dallas, Georgia

Guyton, Georgia

Thomasville, Georgia

Hailey, Idaho

Lewiston, Idaho

Edwardsville, Illinois

Mount Prospect, Illinois

Naperville, Illinois

Greenville, Indiana

Solsberry, Indiana

Pacific Junction, Iowa

Andover, Kansas

Hebron, Kentucky

Henderson, Kentucky

Sulphur, Louisiana

North Yarmouth, Maine

Crofton, Maryland

Edgewater, Maryland

Silver Spring, Maryland

Dracut, Massachusetts

Haydenville, Massachusetts

Norton, Massachusetts

Townsend, Massachusetts

Wayland, Massachusetts

Westborough, Massachusetts

Winchester, Massachusetts

Bloomfield Hills, Michigan

Detroit, Michigan(2 reports)

Royal Oak, Michigan

Trenton, Michigan

Anoka, Minnesota

Hibbing, Minnesota

Florence, Mississippi

Brookfield, Missouri

Saint Louis, Missouri

Hooper, Nebraska

Lincoln, Nebraska

Hudson, New Hampshire

Munsonville, New Hampshire

Blackwood, New Jersey

Englishtown, New Jersey

Hoboken, New Jersey

Mount Laurel, New Jersey

Scotch Plains, New Jersey

Averill Park, New York

Binghamton, New York

Bronx, New York(2 reports)

Buffalo, New York

Fishers Landing, New York

Kinderhook, New York

North Tonawanda, New York

Ogdensburg, New York

Poughkeepsie, New York

Schenectady, New York

West Islip, New York

Yonkers, New York

Concord, North Carolina

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Jacksonville, North Carolina

Lake Toxaway, North Carolina

Summerfield, North Carolina

Tobaccoville, North Carolina

Trinity, North Carolina

Belfield, North Dakota

Minnewaukan, North Dakota

Carrollton, Ohio

Fort Jennings, Ohio

Hamilton, Ohio

Stow, Ohio

Salina, Oklahoma

Ottawa, Ontario

Bend, Oregon

Cave Junction, Oregon

Dallas, Oregon

Lewisburg, Pennsylvania

Norristown, Pennsylvania

Tioga, Pennsylvania

West Chester, Pennsylvania

Wakefield, Rhode Island

Camden, South Carolina

Charleston, South Carolina

Lexington, South Carolina

Christiana, Tennessee

Knoxville, Tennessee

Arlington, Texas

Austin, Texas

Deer Park, Texas

Garland, Texas

Houston, Texas

Nacogdoches, Texas

Palestine, Texas

Farmington, Utah

North Salt Lake, Utah

Alexandria, Virginia

Amelia Court House, Virginia

Basye, Virginia

Buchanan, Virginia

Lanexa, Virginia

Leesburg, Virginia

Virginia Beach, Virginia

Cascade-Fairwood, Washington

Cathan, Washington

Concrete, Washington

East Port Orchard, Washington

John Sam Lake, Washington

Kalama, Washington

North Marysville, Washington

Parkwood, Washington

Port Orchard, Washington

Priest Point, Washington

Renton, Washington(2 reports)

Shaker Church, Washington

Stimson Crossing, Washington

Vancouver, Washington(2 reports)

Weallup Lake, Washington

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Pewaukee, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Sep 2, 2019, BostonPlanted from Boston, MA (Zone 5b) wrote:

This has been my favorite beebalm. I prefer the taller cultivars to the new shorter ones. I have it in part shade and in full sun tucked in between similar sized perennials and shrubs in a drier situation. Does fine. Very little powdery mildew if any. I only use RED red minimally as highlights in my garden and this is one that I choose everytime. Hummingbirds looove it. It will spread, but you can easily keep it in check. Who doesn't appreciate a plant that wants to grow?


On Jun 5, 2017, Adrienneny from New Jersey 6b, NJ wrote:

I wish I had to space for more. It gets quite tall and blooms for a long time if you prune them back. This Jacob Cline version is a naturally selected hybrid. Hummingbirds seem to prefer it lately even to our salvias.


On Mar 14, 2014, jv123 from Chehalis, WA (Zone 8b) wrote:

This particular bee balm has been evergreen for me here in zone 8b. I remove the larger stems after they stop looking so good around December, but the little seedlings never die during the winter. They look like a neat ground cover until about the first of March, when they start getting tall again. This plant is one of the more prolific reseeders I've ever seen. It's ok though, because they look so good.


On Jul 17, 2011, Kitte from San Francisco, CA wrote:

Have this growing in a giant planter in SF. Manages to flower despite getting hardly any light (dappled shade under a bunch of trees). It is a bit lanky tho. I just cut it back a lot after flowering.

Spreads quite a bit... I can see why you'd want to grow this in a contained area.

Hummers seem to prefer the salvias over this.


On Sep 13, 2010, rntx22 from Puyallup, WA (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is my first year to grow this plant & I love it! I have it planted in a large hanging basket in front of the window so we can enjoy all the hummers that are obsessed with the red flowers. This is by far their favorite plant in the yard. Lots of blooms that last a long time.


On Jul 25, 2010, JayinMN from Hibbing, MN wrote:

Grows well in Zone 3a and the hummingbirds love it. I haven't had any problems with mildew and it seems to be pretty care free.


On Jul 12, 2010, Clary from Lewisburg, PA (Zone 6b) wrote:

A soft "country red" that fades noticeably as the flowers age.

Seemed rangy and weedy-looking and prone to wilt.


On Jul 1, 2010, themikeman from Concord, NC (Zone 7a) wrote:

the healthiest and fastest growing and spreading beebalm I have in my garden..very beautiful and probably best all around beebalm, however my very favorite color one and favorite beebalm in my opinion is still the raspberry wine, but it's not as healthy or prolific as the Jacob's Cline, but i still feel is my most favorite, Jacob's Cline is healthier and my second favorite after the raspberry wine. mike


On May 14, 2008, stormyla from Norristown, PA (Zone 6b) wrote:

I have this planted in both full sun as well as in full shade. It does well in both situations. Very dependable each year.


On Oct 21, 2007, Meredith79 from Southeastern, NH (Zone 5b) wrote:

My plants are in Part Shade, during the longest days of summer they get shade during mid afternoon. Then dappled light until sundown. My plants reached over 5 feet, I know this because I am only five feet and some were taller than me! I have sandy soil, and when the weather is dry so is my soil, so I use a soaker hose on these because they are very prone to powdery mildew. Mine start to get it as their bloom starts to slow down, they become very unnattractive, but when I can't stand them anymore, I just cut them right down to the ground and by late summer they have nice new foliage about a foot or so tall. Too bad my growing season is not long enough for them to rebloom, after such a haircut, but warmer areas might. I moved them to the middle and rear of my garden so the bare spots would... read more


On Jun 27, 2006, LBCline from Minnewaukan, ND wrote:

I had to add this flower to my garden as it shares my son's name (Jacob Cline). I was hoping it would grow in North Dakota and it is! It is just about ready to bloom. Jacob plans to show at 4-H Achievement Days.


On Jun 15, 2006, GeorgiaJo from Dallas, GA (Zone 7b) wrote:

I dig up clumps frequently to plant in other areas and give to friends. It does need some sun (my original patch had real problems until I moved the plants to a more sunny area).
But part sun/shade will work. The hummers really love it and the large red flowers are a knockout.


On May 1, 2006, pineapplesage from Pewaukee, WI wrote:

This plant was the first that brought hummingbirds to my yard. Came back and spread quite a bit in my zone 5 garden. I did cut it back after blooming as it becomes quite unattractive.


On Mar 8, 2006, penpen from North Tonawanda, NY (Zone 6a) wrote:

The only drawback to this plant is it doesn't bloom all summer but while it is in bloom it is probably the first one my hummers visit when they come into my yard each day. They absolutley love it and so do I.


On Oct 22, 2004, CBernard from Perris, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

I just planted one of these only the nursery spelled it Jacob Kline. Has anyone in So California had success with this plant? All the websites I find on the Internet come from the East Coast. I live in Perris, California. Thanks, Chuck


On Aug 12, 2004, Vivify from Marysville, WA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Attracts hummingbirds that have a light peacock color.


On Apr 14, 2004, herbman75 from Cornelia, GA wrote:

This plant is a member of the mint family, and will move readily throughout the garden. The variety 'Jacob Cline' is mildew resistant. Easy to propagate from cuttings. Occurs in the wild in partly shaded, low lying, moist areas. Makes a surprisingly long-lasting cut flower.


On Jun 29, 2003, Magazinewriter from Bloomfield Hills, MI wrote:

This plant looks great when paired with a tall yellow heliopsis (false sunflower). Other people have had problems with mildew; I have not.
I have given away many pots of bee balm to my friends, since it spreads profusely. Mine is in about two-thirds sun and one-third shade, and it grows straight up, about four feet tall.
People who plant it in more shady areas are getting blooms. However, in shade, the plant does not grow as straight or as tall.


On Jun 28, 2003, monsky from Lincoln, NE wrote:

I have enjoyed this plant for ten years. It is easy to grow and does well with part sun. My plants grew extremely tall this year and are blooming profusely now in June. When deadheaded, they sometimes come back and bloom again but not as strong. They are a bright addition in any garden. They can became invasive if they have a large area to take over, but easily managed.