Solanum Species, Porcupine Tomato

Solanum pyracanthos

Family: Solanaceae (so-lan-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Solanum (so-LAN-num) (Info)
Species: pyracanthos
Synonym:Solanum haematocarpum


Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Water Requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade


Grown for foliage


Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


9-12 in. (22-30 cm)


USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Suitable for growing in containers


Parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

Medium Purple

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Blooms repeatedly

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing

Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds

Wear gloves to protect hands when handling seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

, British Columbia

Brentwood, California

Canoga Park, California

Gilroy, California

Novato, California

Richmond, California

Sacramento, California

San Francisco, California

San Jose, California

San Leandro, California

Santa Cruz, California

Vallejo, California

Vista, California(9 reports)

Lakeland, Florida

Plant City, Florida

Meridian, Idaho

Old Bridge, New Jersey

Brooklyn, New York

Warren, Ohio


Seattle, Washington(2 reports)

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 9, 2018, Bick4d from New York City, NY wrote:

New York City created 3' X 6' mini garden plots along the new Avenue of America bike trail heading up town in the middle of Manhattan. I volunteered to develop the plot.
A nursery in Brooklyn had Solanum Pyrachanthum in small 4" pots. I planted the the Pyrachanthum in the middle of the plot and it grew to 5' tall X 4' wide. It attracted bees and maintained it's purple blossoms for several months.
Since it displays fluorescent spikes all over the trunk, branches and leaves the Pyrachanthum stood to protect the whole garden from millions ( literaly ) of passers by who live in or frequent the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Manhattan. Being my first year growing Pyrachanthum I am unsure if it will come back from being a brown skeleton of itself complete with all it's che... read more


On Nov 6, 2015, Eileen64 from Holden, MA wrote:

I purchased a porcupine tomato and planted in front of the house in NewEngland. It grew huge (about 2.5 ft high and wide) and was always covered with pretty little flowers all summer into fall. Friends loved it. It was also constantly humming with bees. I would definately do it again


On Dec 31, 2013, meawoppl from San Francisco, CA wrote:

I picked one of these up in a Berkeley nursery. Started out cute, and quickly grew monstrous (~1.5M). I watered it fairly often and it was in a warm North-facing window. It dropped a large number of leaves during growth, and a number more since it has gotten cold, but it continues to bloom. I tried self-pollination, and got a largish crop of tiny tomatoes. They are "edible" only by the strictest definition of the word.

I am going to try growing the seeds this spring.


On Jul 15, 2012, marwood0 from Golden, CO (Zone 5b) wrote:

I had one seedling sprout out of several seeds I planted. It's one of my favorites. It has spent most of it's 4 years in a small pot in the basement under 24x7 fluorescent lights. it stays about 0.5m tall; it blooms if I water it 3 to 4 times per month, and the air is very dry here (winter sometimes 10% rh). My plant has never made fruits though. I can't tell if it just can't self pollinate or not. I have tried to manually pollinate it with no success.


On Jun 19, 2012, skwiff from gillingham,
United Kingdom wrote:

i saw this plant 3 years ago at hampton court and i fell in love with it! it was only last night i found it again and i plan to get the seeds at some point!


On Oct 16, 2011, vanessa_c from Tustin, CA wrote:

I planted a small 4" one and it grew to about 4 feet or so the first year. I thinned and tipped it back regularly so not sure how big it's ultimate size might have been. I never had any seedlings sprout as one commenter said. The plant seems to be short lived, as it began to fade after three years in the ground and finally died. I recently bought a new one, love the orange/purple color combination and the spines. Use care when pruning, though!


On Apr 30, 2009, lazepherine from Seattle, WA wrote:

I just acquired my second solanum pyracanthum. I had one years ago that thrived, planted up in a terra cotta pot on a hot patio, (though it only grew to a very manageable 3 1/2 feet). I was amazed to see it come back from the dead the next summer, having spent the cold months in an exposed area with no winter protection. It put on a great show the second summer once again, bearing fruit, but the second Seattle winter did it in. I'm looking forward to growing this oddity again, and have added Solanum "Malevolence" to the spiny collection this year. I found this plant useful in keeping animal marauders out my garden too: no squirrels digging holes near that pot.


On Jul 14, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

I too was fascinated with the bizzare plant when I first saw it, and having a garden full of spiny things decided to add this one to it.. it is an extremely drought tolerant plant here in So Cal... but it spreads like crazy all over the place. Each dinky little seedling immediately produces those noxious orange spines making weeding them a painful and delicate experience. I have since tried to rid my garden of this plant unsuccessfully. It gets huge, by the way- mine was nearly 8' tall and 8' wide before I hacked it down (two years later) and there are literally hundreds of seedlings showing up all the time- OUCH! Planter beware before adding this one to the garden!


On Jul 13, 2003, plantrat wrote:

This plant is visually amazing. Just purchased it and interestingly the very same blurb at the plant shop is the first comment posted here. Plan to keep it inside over winter as it is frost tender.