Clematis Species, Armand's Clematis, Evergreen Clematis

Clematis armandii

Family: Ranunculaceae (ra-nun-kew-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Clematis (KLEM-uh-tiss) (Info)
Species: armandii (ar-MOND-ee-eye) (Info)
Hybridized by Wilson
Registered or introduced: 1900
Synonym:Clematis biondiana
Synonym:Clematis ornithopus
» View all varieties of Clematis


Evergreen (incl. Rockery)


10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

30-40 ft. (9-12 m)


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Flower Fragrance:

Slightly Fragrant

Bloom Shape:


Bloom Diameter:

Medium - 2 to 5 inches (5 to 12 cm)

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Mid Spring

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us


All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Pruning Groups:

Group 1 - Spring bloomers; no pruning

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From herbaceous stem cuttings

From woody stem cuttings

By simple layering

By tip layering

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Flowers are fragrant

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round in hardiness zone


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Vincent, Alabama

Benton, Arkansas

Maumelle, Arkansas

Boulder Creek, California(2 reports)

Crescent City, California

Davis, California

Merced, California

Pacifica, California

Palo Alto, California

San Anselmo, California

San Francisco, California(2 reports)

Santa Barbara, California

Windsor, California

Denver, Colorado

Washington, District of Columbia

Fernandina Beach, Florida

Santa Rosa Beach, Florida

Buford, Georgia

Calhoun, Georgia

Savannah, Georgia

Warren, Michigan

Durham, North Carolina

Sapulpa, Oklahoma

Portland, Oregon(2 reports)

Salem, Oregon(2 reports)

Columbia, South Carolina

Inman, South Carolina

Rock Hill, South Carolina

Salem, South Carolina

Summerville, South Carolina

Sumter, South Carolina

Knoxville, Tennessee

Dallas, Texas

Katy, Texas

Evington, Virginia

Mc Lean, Virginia

Williamsburg, Virginia(2 reports)

Kirkland, Washington

Seattle, Washington

Tacoma, Washington

Vancouver, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 7, 2018, Seattlejanie from Seattle, WA wrote:

I planted 2 snowdrift clematis on a chain link fence last spring. The first one I planted is doing fairly well, has grown well since last year and is just starting to bloom. It doesn't seem to have any fragrance at all though, hoping this will change as the weather warms or more flowers open. The other clematis started out strong, ( I planted it late spring, a couple months after the first) but did not grow much during the summer. It is just starting to bud out and it looks like it will be blooming too, just later. I am concerned with how yellow the leaves look. There are a few that face away from the sun that are darker green, but much of the leaves facing forward (to the south) are very pale greenish yellow. Wondering if I should amend the soil. The other clematis has a few yel... read more


On Mar 6, 2016, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

This isn't hardy here in Z6a. I suspect the person in Z5a is growing C. terniflora.


On Jul 11, 2015, EastCoasttransplant from San Francisco, CA wrote:

I planted this last fall and had a very few blooms in February but it is blooming now again in July and I'm wondering why?

I live in San Francisco -- has anyone else had this clematis bloom more than once a year?

Also I do not find it as fragrant as the ones I've smelled on other fences in the neighborhood. Any idea why?


On Feb 1, 2014, lancer23 from San Francisco, CA wrote:

Over all a wonderful climber with beautiful clusters of creamy white vanilla scented blooms in Jan! Before even my cymbidium orchids begin to bud. The burned edge of the leaves doesn't bother me. The flowers and the new grown do make up for that down side. I have it in front of the house under a potato vine. I'll let them fight it out to see which one will eat up the house.


On Nov 4, 2009, purplesun from Krapets,
Bulgaria (Zone 8a) wrote:

This plant is a rare find here, so I bought it without hesitation when I saw it. I planted it in my home yard in Sofia, at 2300 feet AMSL, which is purportedly in zone 6b. The soil is an acidic, woodland type of soil, and the exposure is medium shade.
Well, this clematis grew very well the first year and I didn't give it many chances of survival through our winters. After its first winter (2008/09) its leaves got brown tips and margins. Obviously, such long winters with such low temperatures aren't ideal for it. Yet when spring came, it started shooting like mad from multiple places, and within a month or two, it had doubled in size and shed its old, damaged leaves. It has taken hold of the lower branches of a cherry tree, and some branches are crawling on a pergola. What is most as... read more


On Mar 11, 2007, ccjacko1910 from Crescent City, CA wrote:

Planted next to a climbing rose several years ago and now the have both intertwined into a magnificent 16 foot high and 15 foot wide combo.



On May 16, 2006, gardenbeads from Warren, MI (Zone 5a) wrote:

I have this clematis growing on a downspout on the side of my house. I covered the downspout with PVC flexible fencing that is the same color as the downspout (black). The fencing is completely covered by the clematis from ground to roof. The display of flowers in midspring is fabulous as is the fragrance. I planted it there so I could smell it through my bedroom window. Pruning after flowering will keep the vine full from top to bottom (so no parts of the wood will show).


On May 1, 2006, judyats from Chesapeake, VA wrote:

My Mom grows this in the Seattle area, on a chain link fence between she and the neighbors so it is a nice evergreen screen. however, the side facing the neighbors is south, and that's where most of the flowers are. So, if you can, plant where you can see the blossoms in the spring. It has a light but exotic fragrance.


On Aug 16, 2005, Stuber from Fernandina Beach, FL wrote:

Perhaps a bit too warm here in N.E. Florida (9a) for this vine, I have rarely seen my 4 year old specimen bloom. From what I read it prefers some afternoon shade in our sub-tropical climate, which mine certainly gets, and it is a vigorous grower once established. Even though it's a bit 'shy' on flowers, I can't bring myself to rip it out even though fence space is valuable. The interesting shaped evergreen, leathery looking leaves make it worth keeping.


On Jan 17, 2005, mystic from Ewing, KY (Zone 6a) wrote:

Named in honour of French Missionary, Pre Armand David.


On Sep 3, 2004, ladyannne from Merced, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

We love this one. For twenty years it has covered over half of the fencing that contains the inner garden area, supplying us with the most lovely spring fragrance. As long as we keep it trimmed immediately after bloom, we are rewarded with bounties of blooms the following year. It blooms on last year's growth!) The west fence vine has four hummingbird nests in it, providing us with a delight of babies every year. Only last year did I find seeds. In 2005 I have more than I could ever use!


On Apr 17, 2004, luvprimitive from Evington, VA wrote:

I live in central Virginia and purchased a very large Clematis Armandii (apple blossom) plant last summer (2003). It was quite expensive being so large. I spent 2 hours untwining it from around itself. I am growing it in a very large pot on my patio which is very shaded in the summer. I was told at the nursery that it would do well in shade. A couple of stems died during the winter but over all it did quite well. It's now April 17th and it is full of blooms. They smell absolutely wonderful! I am going to buy a second one for the other side of the patio this summer.


On Apr 6, 2003, jkom51 from Oakland, CA (Zone 9b) wrote:

An aggressive grower; keep pruned or it will overrun its area. Tendrils cling to other plants as well as to fence or trellis. Like the deciduous clematis, prefers 'cool feet'.


On Apr 6, 2003, philomel from Castelnau RB Pyrenes,
France (Zone 8a) wrote:

This is a wonderful vigorous clematis for a sunny spot. The evergreen leaves are a glossy dark green and large enough to make an attractive plant when not in flower. The creamy white flowers smother the plant in spring and have a delicious scent.