Sanguinaria Species, Bloodroot, Red Puccoon

Sanguinaria canadensis f. multiplex

Family: Papaveraceae (pa-pav-er-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Sanguinaria (san-gwin-AR-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: canadensis f. multiplex
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Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Sun Exposure:

Light Shade

Partial to Full Shade




Foliage Color:



under 6 in. (15 cm)


12-15 in. (30-38 cm)


USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round in hardiness zone


All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

West Fork, Arkansas

Sherman, Connecticut

Columbus, Indiana

Elkton, Maryland

Belchertown, Massachusetts

Hinsdale, Massachusetts

Roslindale, Massachusetts

Wayland, Massachusetts

Royal Oak, Michigan

Williamston, Michigan

Saint Paul, Minnesota(2 reports)

Saint Louis, Missouri

Stockton, New Jersey

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Winston Salem, North Carolina

Dayton, Ohio

Barto, Pennsylvania

Norristown, Pennsylvania

Columbia, South Carolina

Powell, Tennessee

Humble, Texas

Ames Lake, Washington

Redmond, Washington

Union Hill-Novelty Hill, Washington

Belmont, Wisconsin

Edgerton, Wisconsin

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Feb 1, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

A spectacular little native spring woodlander. The flower is bold and showy for the size of the plant. I too grow both kinds, and I've known the single form to self-sow about an urban garden almost to excess. The double form does not set seed.

An easy undemanding plant to grow.

I too regret that the flower is so ephemeral, and also find that the double lasts better than the single. If the weather is favorable, it can remain in bloom for over a week. But a heavy rainstorm can strip a flower of its petals after only a few days.

The big lobed leaves that rise up wrapped about the flower stem are handsome and distinctive, and would make this plant worth growing for their own sake. And unlike most native spring woodlanders, the foliage stays up and i... read more


On Jun 5, 2004, GDT_GardenGuy from Elkton, MD (Zone 7a) wrote:

I grow both the single and double form. I find the double most striking and it also holds its petals longer. The double form 'Mulitplex' is sterile so will not set seed. Both forms are easy to grow. The single from seed is best to plant freshly harvested. Within weeks I have had it germinate. It takes roughly a year to two years for the small rhizome that forms from the seed to be mature enough to flower. Allow the leaves to fully ripen over the summer. The double form seems to hold its leaves for a longer period of time. All my plants are in full sun in April when they bloom yet once the leaves are fully set, they are in full shade. The soil is consistently moist, well-drained, rich, and acidic. Well worth growing for the short bloom period in Mid-April. This is a North Americ... read more


On Mar 25, 2004, timbalo from Columbia, SC wrote:

I found one of these on a walk through the foothills of South Carolina several years ago. It has come back every year in my garden since as one of the first flowers to appear at the end of winter. The flower lasts only a week or so and is replaced with a seed pod. A small, delicate, unusual little plant that likes shade and moisture.


On Apr 19, 2003, Baa wrote:

A double form of S. canadensis.

This form bears fully double, pure white flowers that last longer than the single form.

Loves a humus rich, well-drained soil in shade. It will tolerate light shade as long as the soil is well-drained but moist.

An excellent and showy woodland garden plant. Won't come true from seed!