Caryota Species, Fishtail Palm, Jaggery Palm, Toddy Palm, Wine Palm

Caryota urens

Family: Arecaceae (ar-ek-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Caryota (kair-ee-OH-tuh) (Info)
Species: urens (UR-ens) (Info)


Tropicals and Tender Perennials


Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade

Partial to Full Shade



This plant is resistant to deer

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


over 40 ft. (12 m)


8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Suitable for growing in containers


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:


Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

This plant is monocarpic

Seed Collecting:

Wear gloves to protect hands when handling seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Encino, California

Hayward, California

Huntington Beach, California(2 reports)

Manhattan Beach, California

Oceanside, California

Rancho Cucamonga, California

Rowland Heights, California

San Diego, California

Santa Barbara, California(2 reports)

Big Pine Key, Florida

Portland, Oregon

Corpus Christi, Texas

Vancouver, Washington

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Feb 16, 2006, timrann from Other,
Mauritius wrote:

Have learn today how nasty the fruits could be ( of this Caryota ) Collected seeds at a round-about from an almost dead tree and cleaned it with bare hands ; have never dealed with such an irritating thing. Have often cleaned Hyophorbe Lagenicaulis ( Bottle Palm ) the same way , it is also irritating BUT NOT LIKE THIS CARYOTA URENS . (May be it should change the name from C. Urens to Devil fruit Palm ) Should have read Palmbobs comments before collecting these seeds !!! .But still a nice palm. Some of them already dead and removed , but sadly replaced by Roystoneas .


On Oct 15, 2005, BayAreaTropics from Hayward, CA wrote:

Actually, the ones at the Oakland Ca. palmetum have flowered at the ripe age of twenty something. Huge dead trees....I think i will keep mine as a big potted patio plant.


On Aug 23, 2004, Kylecawaza from Corte Madera, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

In the San Francisco area you can look at this tree as a more permanent plant since it would grow very slowly and would not flower for about 80 years. Caryota Gigas would be a better option though, although it will look yellow without ennough Nitrogen.


On Jul 28, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is an impressive palm, and one of the more commonly grown Caryotas (Fishtail Palms) around Southern California... but it has its problems. The main problem being they are monocarpic. Once they flower, they croak, and then there is a monstrous dead tree to remove from your backyard, or whereever it is. And it's not a simple tree to remove. Caryotas are famous for having some of the hardest wood in the plant kingdom. Chainsaws will barely cut into one alive, and they seem to get harder once they die. On top of that, Caryotas have wimpy root systems. I guess where they're from (the Asian tropics usually) there is little wind and no need for large root systems. Anyway, a good Santa Ana wind will easily knock one of these trees over, and they can weigh several tons. Not good for t... read more