Winter Aconite

Eranthis cilicica

Family: Ranunculaceae (ra-nun-kew-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Eranthis (eer-RAN-this) (Info)
Species: cilicica (kil-LEE-kee-kuh) (Info)



Foliage Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


under 6 in. (15 cm)


3-6 in. (7-15 cm)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

Direct sow as soon as the ground can be worked

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:


Grand Junction, Colorado

Naperville, Illinois

Winnetka, Illinois

Williamsport, Maryland

Dearborn, Michigan

Traverse City, Michigan

Brewster, Minnesota

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Columbia, Missouri

Croton On Hudson, New York

Medina, New York

Durham, North Carolina

Columbus, Ohio

Hillsboro, Ohio

Portland, Oregon (2 reports)

Lewisburg, Pennsylvania

Norristown, Pennsylvania

Salt Lake City, Utah

Staunton, Virginia

Lakewood, Washington

Bloomington, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Feb 21, 2017, GrampaG from Williamsport, MD wrote:

I don't have any yet but they have been in full bloom in my next door neighbor's yard. I first noticed them about Feb. 10 and I live in zone 6b.


On Feb 16, 2012, Clary from Lewisburg, PA (Zone 6b) wrote:

This variety of eranthis has bronze foliage when young. The leaves are less pronounced and more succulent than the hyemalis variety. The flowers are a deep clear yellow.


On Feb 7, 2012, wefarmasmidgen from Deer Lodge, MT (Zone 3b) wrote:

I planted these about 5 years ago in my lawn. Every year, early spring, they come up with their cheerful, bright yellow flowers. They haven't spread much, but they are increasing a little bit each year.


On Feb 6, 2012, oldkate from Hillsboro, OH wrote:

Your problem may be due to a heavy covering of mulch and/or too many of last fall's left-over tree leaves on the aconites. They sprout rather like a soybean - sort of curling up. Snowdrops and daffodils have no trouble coming out of the ground, as the leaves are pointed on the end. Aconites like to be cool in the hot summers, too. Be sure to let them die down naturally after blooming - plants will spread from the roots, but mostly from their seeds. I think the main thing is not to let the aconites smother.
You can't have enough aconites!


On Jan 8, 2012, veggieflowers from Columbia, MO wrote:

I love these early blooming little flowers, but over time they seem to be disappearing instead of multiplying. I wonder if I'm doing something wrong


On Mar 13, 2007, crabbybill from South Bend, IN (Zone 5b) wrote:

These cheerful yellow flowers remind us that the garden will be soon be awake to welcome the new season.
We first saw this very early blooming bulb at our local botanic garden - Fernwood, Niles, MI after we finished a Master Gardener Training class back in 1998. There must have been a million of these little, single yellow flowers.
It's the first sign that Winter is leaving. We seen them trying to come up through the snow.They come back each season, we scatter the seeds. In at least two years they bloom.
The unusual foliage dies down by mid-June at the latest. The rabbits and squirrels leave them alone in our area.


On Apr 16, 2006, ineedacupoftea from Denver, CO wrote:

Blooms slightly earlier than E. hyemalis in my garden. Perhaps more vigorous. Certainly more welcome fine foliage.


On Jun 27, 2003, Terry from Murfreesboro, TN (Zone 7a) wrote:

Foliage is bronze-green when new, turning more green as it matures.