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Aloidendron Species, Kokerboom, Quiver Tree

Aloidendron dichotomum

Family: Asphodelaceae (as-foh-del-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Aloidendron
Species: dichotomum (dy-KAW-toh-mum) (Info)
Synonym:Aloe dichotoma
Synonym:Aloe dichotoma var. montana
Synonym:Aloe montana
Synonym:Aloe ramosa
Synonym:Rhipidodendrum dichotomum
View this plant in a garden



Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade




This plant is fire-retardant

Foliage Color:




15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)


USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:

Pale Yellow

Bright Yellow

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Fall/Early Winter

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

Seed Collecting:

Bag seedheads to capture ripening seed

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Apache Junction, Arizona

Carefree, Arizona

Chandler Heights, Arizona

Gilbert, Arizona

Mesa, Arizona

Phoenix, Arizona(5 reports)

Queen Creek, Arizona

Scottsdale, Arizona

Tucson, Arizona(2 reports)

Bostonia, California

Clayton, California

Encino, California

Fairfield, California

Glen Avon, California

Hayward, California

Long Beach, California

Los Angeles, California

Mission Viejo, California

Norwalk, California

Oxnard, California

Pedley, California

Rubidoux, California

Spring Valley, California

Sunnyslope, California

Thousand Oaks, California

Tulare, California

Vista, California(9 reports)

Saint Augustine, Florida

Grenoble, Rhône-Alpes

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Aug 17, 2017, Durls from Margaret River,
Australia wrote:

I have recently planted 12 seeds of dichotoma and am wondering if any one can give me some tips? They are currently in a sterile humid environment with a temperature variation day to night. I have followed all the information I could find, any help would be much appreciated. How long can I before I can expect these to germinate?


On Sep 14, 2015, jeanniejayne from Smyrna, DE (Zone 7a) wrote:

This is newly available as a plant from Grassy Knoll Exotic Plants in Oregon, http://www.gkexoticplants.com

I am visiting here to see if I can hope to grow it in Delaware since their website has very limited information on how to grow. Best option seems to be as a potted plant as per comments on DG. Looks like fun!


On Jan 23, 2015, poeciliopsis from Phoenix, AZ wrote:

Central Phoenix -- I have had mixed luck with Aloe dichotoma. I currently have 4, all planted in the ground. The tallest is 5 feet with one head. I have in the past had one large specimen killed by power company tree pruners, a small one killed by rot, and 4+ foot one killed by frost. The frost-kill occurred despite a fabric cold frame but a 2011 late freeze (early Feb.) following a warm spell gave us mid 20s F for 4 consecutive nights. Three shorter ones around it survived, including the one that is now 5 feet. My current ones winter under a 6 foot tall cold frame. They receive partial winter sun and strong afternoon summer sun. They get monthly water in summer, none in winter unless it rains.


On Apr 4, 2014, Kell from Northern California, CA (Zone 9b) wrote:

This comment is from Mr. Hendrik van Zijl in reference to the photos I have posted taken by Mr. Hendrik van Zijl near Nieuwoudtville in the Northern Cape province of South Africa.

Nieuwoudtville. Aloe dichotoma. Kokerbome.These giant aloes on the farm Gannabos 22km from Nieuwoudtville on the road to Loeriesfontein are in bud and will be in full flower within a week. This collection of giant aloes is the Southern most as well as the largest aloe forest in South Africa. There are thousands of them. These photos are just of a very small section of this giant aloe forest. Hendrik van Zijl. http//www.nieuwoudtville.co.za

In regard to Mr. Hendrik van Zijl's photos I posted on May 23rd, 2016:
Aloe Dichotoma (quiver tree forest of Gannabos). Pictures taken tod... read more


On Jun 11, 2012, clayl8y from Scottsdale, AZ wrote:

My son had two beautiful aloe dichotoma trees in his front yard. One of them had developed five heads during the six years it had been happily in the ground. Imagine the frustration when he went outside and found it gone......STOLEN....... out of the yard with the empty hole to remind him of where it stood!


On Dec 30, 2009, Plant_Man_28 from Saint Augustine, FL wrote:

I got this one in a pot. Don't plant it in the ground in florida, it will rot . this one does fine in a pot in full sun, south exposure..I have never seen it for sale around here, had about 30 out of 100 seeds survive the first year with wet summer.


On Aug 30, 2009, Porphyrostachys from Portland, OR (Zone 8b) wrote:

Good Aloe tree for the deserts of Arizona, just keep it away from excess irrigation as the roots are capable of stretching quite far and into the beds of your nearby flowers, veggies, etc. A local nursery learned that the hard way years ago when their large plant had stretched its roots under shrubs they regularly irrigated and the once beautiful specimen exists, sadly, no more. If you have a rocky slope, give this plant a try there!


On Jan 25, 2009, baiissatva from Dunedin,
New Zealand wrote:

Zone 9b Coastal Otago New Zealand
A Dichotoma is a super-cool and increasingly popular aloe down here, like hens teeth only a couple of years ago and now more readily available. Thus our knowledge of long-term care is limited, but it seems to be no more demanding than the other tree aloes, in spite of it's prima donna reputation.
Like most of the tree aloes, it seems to grow relatively faster in the southern hemisphere than up north but thats probably because we a not a xeriscape situation and have higher UV levels.
I find growing these beauties 'hard' - out in fullest, harshest sun you have access to, with a limited root run- is the best way to go; they attain a more adult look, are less likely to rot out. Go for a plain terracotta pot so you know it's drying out... read more


On Sep 22, 2005, BayAreaTropics from Hayward, CA wrote:

I saw a young one in Oakland that had to have a trunk almost a foot wide on a plant only three feet or so tall! And a local nursery has one for sale about eight feet tall with a massive base, for $2,000. Hurry-ha.
EDIT: 2009. The summer of 08 I planted a nice sized gallon plant..no troubles with our bay area winters. How fast they grow will depend of course on best case conditions. Mine is in a bit more shade and with some other large succulents. 33f and our rainy winters havent bothered it.


On Jul 7, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is one of the most striking tree Aloes. It is relatively slow to grow, but it develops a massive, tapering, smooth (up top), papery-covered trunk with several branches topped by sea blue-green leaves. Lower trunk is cracked and has very rough, sharp edges etched in it. It makes an excellent specimen tree, and is great for xeroscaping. However, if given some water in well draining sandy soil, it will do even better(grow faster and become more robust). If overwatered in the summer months, it can rot. However, it seems to tolerate our deluge of cold winter rains here in So Cal without any problems, as long as it's not planted in mud. One of the most common mistakes by those growing Aloes is not watering enough. Without enough water, the leaves curl up a bit and necrose at the tips... read more