Butia Species, Jelly Palm, Pindo Palm, Wine Palm

Butia capitata

Family: Arecaceae (ar-ek-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Butia (BEW-tee-uh) (Info)
Species: capitata (kap-ih-TAY-tuh) (Info)
Synonym:Butia capitata var. rubra
Synonym:Cocos capitata
Synonym:Syagrus capitata
View this plant in a garden


Tropicals and Tender Perennials


Water Requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade


This plant is resistant to deer

Foliage Color:



12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)


8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

Magenta (pink-purple)

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; germinate in a damp paper towel

From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:



Anniston, Alabama

Atmore, Alabama

Decatur, Alabama

Mobile, Alabama (2 reports)

Orange Beach, Alabama

Camp Verde, Arizona

Congress, Arizona

El Mirage, Arizona

Gilbert, Arizona

Tucson, Arizona (2 reports)

Cabot, Arkansas

Lonoke, Arkansas

Malvern, Arkansas

Barstow, California

Clayton, California

Clovis, California

Fountain Valley, California

Hayward, California

Los Angeles, California

Martinez, California

Mountain View Acres, California

Oakland, California

Oceanside, California (2 reports)

Rancho Cucamonga, California

Rancho Mirage, California

Roseville, California

San Leandro, California

San Mateo, California

Santa Barbara, California

Sonoma, California

Spring Valley, California

Stockton, California

Tarzana, California

Thousand Oaks, California

Visalia, California

Waterford, California

Brandon, Florida

Brooksville, Florida (2 reports)

Cape Coral, Florida

Crawfordville, Florida

Gainesville, Florida

Hampton, Florida

Hollywood, Florida

Lakeland, Florida

Lecanto, Florida

Loxahatchee, Florida

New Port Richey, Florida

Niceville, Florida (2 reports)

North Port, Florida

Panama City Beach, Florida

Pensacola, Florida

Punta Gorda, Florida

Sarasota, Florida

Tallahassee, Florida (2 reports)

Tampa, Florida

Trenton, Florida

Umatilla, Florida

Vero Beach, Florida

Augusta, Georgia

Brunswick, Georgia

Clayton, Georgia

Leesburg, Georgia

Macon, Georgia

Newnan, Georgia

Rincon, Georgia

Kurtistown, Hawaii

Chicago, Illinois

Streamwood, Illinois

Denham Springs, Louisiana

Greenwell Springs, Louisiana

New Orleans, Louisiana

Vacherie, Louisiana

Vinton, Louisiana

Centreville, Maryland

Florence, Mississippi

Saucier, Mississippi

Henderson, Nevada

Las Vegas, Nevada

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Staten Island, New York

Durham, North Carolina

Emerald Isle, North Carolina

Fayetteville, North Carolina

Huntersville, North Carolina

Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina

Kure Beach, North Carolina

Mooresville, North Carolina

Raleigh, North Carolina

Winston Salem, North Carolina

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Ashland, Oregon

Portland, Oregon

Redmond, Oregon

Beaufort, South Carolina

Campobello, South Carolina

Cayce, South Carolina

Charleston, South Carolina

Conway, South Carolina

Florence, South Carolina

Hilton Head Island, South Carolina

Ladson, South Carolina

Lexington, South Carolina

Manning, South Carolina

Myrtle Beach, South Carolina (2 reports)

Newberry, South Carolina

North, South Carolina

Saint Helena Island, South Carolina

Simpsonville, South Carolina

Summerville, South Carolina

Sumter, South Carolina

Cleveland, Tennessee

Austin, Texas

Galveston, Texas

Harlingen, Texas (2 reports)

Houston, Texas

Nome, Texas

Rockport, Texas

Round Rock, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

Tyler, Texas

Suffolk, Virginia

Bremerton, Washington (2 reports)

Kent, Washington

Kirkland, Washington

Long Beach, Washington

Perth, Washington

Redondo, Washington

Seattle, Washington

Sekiu, Washington

Shoreline, Washington

White Center, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Nov 14, 2017, FredSc123 from Simpsonville, SC wrote:

I have grown Butia here in Upstate SC for years. I see several here and there in Greenville county, There is a large one at a restaurant in Simpsonville. I have seen them planted also in Anderson, Pickens and Oconee Counties. I used to gather fruit off one at a motel on Wade Hampton Avenue in Greenville years ago.


On Sep 20, 2014, Cereuspete from Tucson, AZ wrote:

Can't be beat if you're looking for a tropical pinnate palm. The curving branches create a graceful look, and it's drought tolerance is a huge plus here in the Sonoran Desert.

Much of what I've read decry the fact that its a slow grower, but I find that once it develops even the shortest of trunks, it begins pushing forth at a rather speedy rate. I give it six out of five stars!


On Nov 13, 2012, DavidLJ48 from Waterford, CA wrote:

They seem very suited for most of the Central Valley, here in CA.

I fell in love with this palm years ago, when I first tasted the fruit, from a palm at Phil's Nickel Nursery in Shafter CA. I collected seed from the palm with the largest and best tasting fruits. Sadly, these seedlings are some years yet from producing fruit. But this year one I got from a plant friend in Santa Cruz, who manages Clouldforest Cafe, it produced 4 bunches this season of 2012. Last year, its first bunch, only one, the fruits were small and flavorless and not really sweet. This year though, they were magnificent, maybe they will be even larger and better next season. The fruits were only average cherry size, the taste was very exotic and very good, fiber was not as bad a I had experienced in so... read more


On Nov 4, 2012, peejay12 from Porthleven, Helston, Cornwall,
United Kingdom (Zone 9b) wrote:

This palm is supposed to be slightly hardier than Phoenix canariensis in the UK, but is not so popular. It is more expensive and slower growing, and perhaps people don't like the greyer, less luxuriant leaves.
They seem to tolerate the winter wet better than Phoenix, not showing any brown spots and losing very few leaves. Because the leaves are shorter they don't take up so much space either.

I haven't seen any growing in Cornwall although they are available. I've heard about one (known as "The Butia") growing in Penzance which is very old and extraordinarily tall. Why not more?


On Oct 8, 2012, donnacreation from Sumter, SC (Zone 8a) wrote:

This is the only bullet proof feathering palm in the SC midlands. I have 17 (I think) growing on my 3 acre property. I have lost a few to ground voles, so now I plant them all in large plastic containers with the bottoms cut out to deter them. Part of my property is a flood plain, which turns into a cold frosty bog during winter. My Pindo palms are growing happily even in these adverse conditions. Over the past 6 years, they have been exposed many times to temps in the low teens - 1 night @ 10f. My older Pindo palms are only 6 yrs old, and already have canopies 10 - 12' across. A beautiful palm with tasty fruit that begins as a dramatic flower.


On Jul 26, 2012, SuburbanNinja80 from Plainfield, IN (Zone 6a) wrote:

its more of a house Palm than outside Palm were I live. But I seen at 12 footer before in North Cartion These guys have some Gray thorns on the Leafs... I knew they did but its the frist time I seen one that large in person. This is what should be called the Mojsutly palms not the ones that you can get a wally world.


On Mar 22, 2012, CrispyCritter from Clayton, GA wrote:

I have two of these planted in my yard here in the Appalachian mountains of Georgia. One was a 5 gallon plant when I put it in a few years ago- it has survived down to 11F and numerous other overnight lows in the teens and low twenties. This one is protected by a simple plastic film and wood frame enclosure.

The other palm was planted last year and was a 10 gallon plant- this survived last winter's low of 17F with no damage, and protected by the same type of structure as mentioned above.


On Feb 21, 2012, VAsouthern from Starkville, MS (Zone 8a) wrote:

This palm grows very well in southeastern Virginia. I see them all over when I make trips to Virginia Beach, VA. I personally am growing 5 of these outside in the ground, and they're all doing great. They have had no damage at all, even when we had a temperature of 15F one night. I never wrap any of them in the winter, and they do fine here.


On Jun 12, 2011, NorthSC from North, SC (Zone 8a) wrote:

Butia capitata sometimes may become Butia decapitata on very cold winters if the cold persists (usually from effects of continuous spray of "chemtrails"), so you can pull the central shoot out, but it always grows back in the spring and summer. The last winter a lot of Butias got badly damaged by extensive moderate cold temps, though not record cold. I even saw one about 5 foot tall that seems completely dead since even in June it shows no signs of regrowth and that is in zone 8A/8B! Definitely some work of the "dragon cloud" masters....


On May 12, 2010, Tropic1 from Columbus, MS wrote:

nice palm but is sensative to moist cold freezes, i live in columbus ms a low zone 8a and i left it unprotected in a 22 deg freeze with no help and it about died, as the months went by it kept getting more dead looking until finally the spear came out and i thought it was dead, but there were two green leaves on the outside, 2.5 months later i went to look at my dead tree and the spear had regrown, now the plant has five new leaves in the middle and a good spear, it is marginal in my area i would protect under twenty five from moist freezes and plant in a sheltered area, but overall a good tree


On Mar 17, 2010, gtr1017 from Roanoke, VA wrote:

Tried it here in the mountains of Virginia, zone 7a / 6b border, didn't make it, even planted close to the house...G


On Dec 1, 2009, escambiaguy from Atmore, AL (Zone 8b) wrote:

As already said, this is one of the most popular palms in the deep south. Unfortunately many people plant these palms too close to driveways and walkways and are then forced to prune them for clearance. Give these palms plenty of room to spread because they look best when their fronds can gracefully droop to the ground. I have also noticed that the fronds are much larger when in partial shade.


On Aug 2, 2009, Turtlegaby from Decatur, AL (Zone 8a) wrote:

Very cold hardy and robust plant. I left my 2 year old palm outside last winter with no protection at all and it made it one night through 5 degrees with only minor leaf burn. I cut the brown off and new leaves emerged in spring. It is growing stronger each year and extremely pretty to look at. Have transplanted it several times with no damage at all. It's very easy to dig up.


On Oct 8, 2008, agentdonny007 from Las Vegas, NV (Zone 8b) wrote:

Pindo palm grows well throughout Las Vegas and can be found from residential landscapes down through the "Strip."
Grows much better than a queen palm with fewer problems for desert gardening. One of the few pinnate (feather) type fronds hardy in Las Vegas besides most types of phoenix date palm.


On Jun 19, 2008, rcharding from Mobile, AL wrote:

Pindos are one of the most popular palms here in Gulf Coast Alabama, since they handle our occasional light freezes very well with no damage to the fronds. Mine is planted in full sun and has a nice silver-green tint.


On Sep 22, 2007, MINItron from Sabattus, ME wrote:

I had an old Jelly Palm in my front yard in Green Cove Springs, FL. I found the fruit to be very delicious despite being very smelly. It tastes like a combination of orange, pineapple and banana. It is very drought tolerant, and easy to care for. The only down side is that it retains its leaf bases for a LONG time, and they can become infested with carpenter ants. They don't appear to harm the tree, but having a nest close to your house is never good.


On Aug 19, 2007, BayAreaTropics from Hayward, CA wrote:

One other use this palm isn't given credit for is that it's a great container palm. Easy to grow in a manageable sized pot for decades,looking something like a big pineapple as it ages. A hardy potted palm too-immune to any amount of California cold.In sun the fronds are short,curved, and can be grey-to silvery.That very same palm can have lacy,green,glossy fronds in shade. And very forgiving of a missed watering or two,-or three-ha.


On Aug 3, 2007, jlevert from Augusta, GA wrote:

A great palm, but more variable than most: some are completely green and others are silvery; some are short and squat, while others are more slender with sharply recurved leaves. The fruit is very sweet and makes good jelly, but a healthy tree will produce about 100lbs. a year in my area. In sand, the seed will germinate like ryegrass.


On Apr 29, 2007, imcuban2 from Chicago, IL wrote:

Hello I love this palm! Your probably saying in Chicago yeah right! I have several palms in my yard Micro climate without protection is z7. With protection its zone 8. This palm has been in the ground working on year 2. Never had any cold damage what so ever, likes to be completely dry all winter. I do this with a simple clear plastic cover all winter to keep rain and wind and snow out.


On Mar 14, 2007, davelodi from Stockton, CA wrote:

What a beautiful Palm. I have 10 plants about 5- 7 feet tall. Very cold hardy. We got down to the high teens this winter in Northern California and there was NO sign of any damage. A very slooooow growing palm here but I love it.... The blue color on my really stand out..


On Oct 29, 2005, nick89 from Tallahassee, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:

Abundant and highly popular for landscapes in North Florida but it is outnumbered by the cabbage palmetto. They have lots of the orange fruit which people claim is edible. The leaves appear to have a bluish tint which makes the jelly palm stand out from other palms.


On Jul 14, 2004, aviator8188 from Murphysboro, IL (Zone 7a) wrote:

I was glad to see many plantings of the Jelly in southern Georgia and northern Florida. It seems to be very popular throughout the deep south. There are hundreds of markets throughout the south that sell the fruit of Butia capitata as fruits of jellies. It seems to be popular because it is the most cold hardy of pinnate leafed palms. It provides another palm tree for the south besides Sabal palmetto. I always enjoy seeing this beautiful specimen, which is very cold hardy!


On Jul 23, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

This palm is also popular in the Southwest and Texas, as well as Florida, where it is commonly grown along avenues and in landscaping. It makes a unique specimen plant due to its blue-green leaves that are strongly recurving. Though it is not a fast palm, it is one of the fastest growing palms for Southern California. It is also an easy palm to dig and move, handling abuse quite well. This species is also commonly hybridized with several other species of palm, notably the Chilean Wine Palm (Jubaea chilensis) and the Queen palm (Syagrus romanzoffiana) creating very hardy and ornamental palms. It is one of the few species of palm that seems to grow equally well on the east coast as it does on the west coast... probably the hardiest of all the pinnate leaved (feather-leaved) palms.
... read more


On Jul 22, 2003, fishcop wrote:

This palm is very cold hardy and can handle temps in the mid to upper teens (14 F min. temp). The seeds are yellow to brownish red in color. The fruit has a sweet tart flavor and can be used to make jelly hince the name jelly palm. The seed can also be used to make an imitation of coffee. I am attempting to germinate seed now with pete moss and vermiculite. They are very popular on the central west coast of Florida where I like. USDA zone 9a.