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Bo Tree, Sacred Fig, Bodhi Tree, Pipal, Peepul, Bo-Tree Fig

Ficus religiosa

Family: Moraceae (mor-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Ficus (FY-kus) (Info)
Species: religiosa (re-lij-ee-OH-suh) (Info)
Synonym:Urostigma religiosum
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Grown for foliage



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


over 40 ft. (12 m)


30-40 ft. (9-12 m)


USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

By simple layering

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:



Phoenix, Arizona

Bonsall, California

Hayward, California

Long Beach, California

Temecula, California

Upland, California

Boca Raton, Florida

Englewood, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Miami, Florida

Mulberry, Florida

Naples, Florida

Saint Petersburg, Florida

Sarasota, Florida (2 reports)

West Palm Beach, Florida

Saint Francisville, Louisiana

Trenton, New Jersey (2 reports)

Los Fresnos, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Feb 4, 2014, mommystuff from Sarasota, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

I planted this tree from a small specimen in a one gallon pot about a year and a half ago and it is now over 20' tall. It is crazy! It is obviously thriving where it is, but I am wondering if I can cut the top off so that I can keep it smaller. I had no idea it would grow so large, so fast. Any experience with "topping off" this tree?


On Mar 27, 2012, na76 from Winter Park, FL wrote:

I've had success with getting about 20 bodhi seeds to sprout in summer of 2011, all seedlings are still alive and about 5-6" tall. Also have successfully taken cuttings from a large tree at Marie Selby in Sarasota. I've also purchased plants online, roughly 6, and only 1 is having difficulty with yellowing leaves. All are being grown for bonsai.

In Florida, full size trees can be found at Disney World Animal Kingdom, in 'Asia', and Marie Selby Botanical Gardens in Sarasota. A beautiful bodhi bonsai can be found at the James J. Smith Bonsai Garden at Heathcote Botanical Gardens in Fort Pierce.

Overall, the cultural and historical significance of the ficus religiosa/bodhi is more interesting than the tree in its younger form. When grown in-ground, full size, th... read more


On Jul 2, 2011, laughingwillow from Englewood, FL wrote:

Gorgeous leaves and transcendent sound from the leaves rustling. I got lucky and propagated my very young Bodhi from a small branch cutting. Have never had luck with those tiny seeds.
Mother is planted in the ground near a pond, keeping the baby potted since hardiness borderline here (9b/10).
Sarasota's Selby Gardens has a great specimen by the bay. Otherwise a hard tree to find here in FL.


On Mar 21, 2011, Omoloya from Hamilton Township, NJ (Zone 7a) wrote:

Hello, All.
I feel like I've won the lottery: one of my ficus religiosa seeds has sprouted! It's tiny (just growing its third leaf after 6 weeks), but it looks good. Is it time to fertilize yet?

Additionally, this tree is known as "alamo" among Lukumi Yoruba people. Something about the energy of this tree is sacred, period.

July 11, 2011
The abovementioned seedling died when I tried to transplant it. In fact, I'm not sure if it was actually a F. religiosa seedling to begin with.

I received the seeds from a German purveyor through Ebay in a tiny little "ziploc" bag in the winter. Once I germinated "the impostor," I set the remaining seeds in the receptacle with their titular deity (Orisa), where they stayed for several months... read more


On Jul 18, 2010, Suzecav from Hyde Park, NY wrote:

It is important (if you are Buddhist) to get this plant from a good dealer as a seedling, as if it gets scale, we cannot kill the scale. I have found a remedy for preventing the scale, though it caused a drastic unhappy period for my trees. A product called "Brand X" which is actually a polish for leaves, if sprayed on the leaves and stems is so slippery that the scale cannot attach. End of scale problems, though I curbed the two that had that problem immediately rather than infect other plants in my house or killing the bugs. A very good, reliable dealer from whom to buy seedlings (and it will take a while as he will only send them when they are in the best condition to be sent and when the weather is right is from :
Perry Nguyen
... read more


On Nov 24, 2007, DavidChiou from Taipei,
Taiwan wrote:

There are three ways to reproduce this tree:
Layering (recommended)

Make sure you have high temperature and humidity when reproducing it.

Also, cuttings from the Bodhi Tree that Bodhi achieved enlightened is still on earth. i.e. they have same DNA. The oldest one in Sri Lanka is the oldest alive tree recorded in human history.


On Sep 23, 2006, BayAreaTropics from Hayward, CA wrote:

A struggling one gallon plant i bought this spring is now a beautiful dense crown of leaves. A warmer than average summer has been good for it..and i can tell if it was in ground it would be a small tree or large shrub in the bay areas cool (relative) climate. Full sun and sunlight warming the soil,along with much water and some fertilizer are all thats needed. It does flutter in the breeze-a nice change from the usual stiff Ficus species.


On Mar 13, 2006, Gustichock from Tandil,
Argentina (Zone 10b) wrote:

I been longing to propagate this plant but still have no good results! I've tried cuttings since I believe we don't have the little fly or wasp that is involved in its fertilization to use its seeds.
Can anybody give me a good hint about how to make this beautiful ficus get spreaded in my city?


On Oct 16, 2004, tcfromky from Mercer, PA (Zone 5a) wrote:

In nature, the tree grows to 100 feet. Grown in pot, it can be pruned to any desired size. Leaves are heart-shaped with long, threadlike tips. As the tree grows, the soil around its base can gradually be removed to expose the top part of the root system.


On Aug 13, 2003, Monocromatico from Rio de Janeiro,
Brazil (Zone 11) wrote:

This is a sacred tree for budhists: it's said that Budha reached the illumination while meditating under a tree like this.

Despite religious purposes, this tree is a popular species used in many landscaping projects. This is a fig tree with a vigorous sculptural trunk. In oposition to other fig trees, this species have less superficial roots, meaning that it can be planted near pavements, as long as it has room for the trunk's diameter.

The leaves are triangular, with a long, caudate tip, green color with light veins. The tree usually throws away older leaves as it grows new ones, so they are constantly falling on the ground. I don't have information about the figs, but birds like them.

Likes warm temperatures, a regular watering. I've seen it p... read more