Hyophorbe Species, Champagne Palm, Poison Palm

Hyophorbe indica

Family: Arecaceae (ar-ek-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Hyophorbe (hy-oh-FOR-bee) (Info)
Species: indica (IN-dih-kuh) (Info)
Synonym:Areca lutescens
Synonym:Hyophorbe lutescens


Tropicals and Tender Perennials


Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade


Grown for foliage


Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)


6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:

Pale Yellow

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Blooms all year

Blooms repeatedly

Other details:

This Plant is Endangered (EN)

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

Scarify seed before sowing

Seed Collecting:

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Fallbrook, California(10 reports)

Garden Grove, California

Hayward, California

Huntington Beach, California

Oceanside, California

San Clemente, California(2 reports)

San Diego, California

Santa Barbara, California

Thousand Oaks, California

Vista, California

Yorba Linda, California

Brandon, Florida

Miami, Florida

Oak Hill, Florida

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jan 18, 2011, Mandrew968 from Miami, FL wrote:

Concerning the H. indica, there are two subspecies: one has a green crownshaft. The other has a purple crownshaft. seeds of each indica subspecies look noticably different. I have a purple five footer i got in the fall of 2010(this palm is rare in south florida). I wrapped it up during the second cold snap, but the initial cold took its toll; all of the leaves except the lastly unfurled turned brown in the days after. the lastly unfurled leaf also turned brown(but about 30% of that leaf stayed green). Since, it has recently opened a new spike that has not yet projected all the way out, but seeing green on it is a bit more comforting! Fairchild has a couple adult specimens but they are the green variety. Montgomery Botanical center(MBC) has lost a few(purple crownshaft) to the cold and to b... read more


On Feb 9, 2006, deezpalms from Oceanside, CA (Zone 10b) wrote:

I have a nice n' beefy indica growing in a 20 gallon tub and boy is it gorgeous!! For some reason, I have yet to see another indica with as much of a bulging trunk then my palm. The base is 10"+ and tapers to 5 1/2-6" just under the long, very dark green crownshaft. It has been a great grower for me and has put on several inches of trunk for me in the last 2 years.


On Aug 15, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Of the three common species of Hyophorbe, this is the only one that does well in most areas of Southern California. The other two, the bottle palm and spindle palm are only for the warmest areas or microclimates. However, this palm grows pretty well even in 9b, taking frosts down to 28F (as long as not prolonged). It is a very attractive species with a dark bronze-green crownshaft and attractive, arching leaves. Unfortunately it doesn't have the curiously bottling trunk of the other two species. It is pretty slow growing, but faster than the other two in So Cal. Several flowering adults are currently growing in So Cal, and someday soon we might even have some second generation plants here.