Eugenia Species, Brazilian Cherry, Cayenne Cherry, Pitanga, Surinam Cherry

Eugenia uniflora

Family: Myrtaceae (mir-TAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Eugenia (yoo-JEE-nee-uh) (Info)
Species: uniflora (yoo-nee-FLOR-uh) (Info)
View this plant in a garden



Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade


Grown for foliage


Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)


10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)


USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Pollen may cause allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Mid Spring

Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Seed Collecting:

Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Tempe, Arizona

Garden Grove, California

Lathrop, California

Rowland Heights, California

San Diego, California

Bartow, Florida

Boca Raton, Florida

Brandon, Florida

Brooksville, Florida

Cape Coral, Florida

Clearwater, Florida

Cocoa, Florida

Deland, Florida

Fort Lauderdale, Florida(3 reports)

Hampton, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Jupiter, Florida

Keystone Heights, Florida

Lake Worth, Florida

Lecanto, Florida

Lutz, Florida

Melbourne, Florida

Merritt Island, Florida

Miami, Florida(2 reports)

Mulberry, Florida

Naples, Florida

Ocala, Florida

Orlando, Florida(2 reports)

Osprey, Florida

Pompano Beach, Florida(2 reports)

Port Saint Lucie, Florida

Rockledge, Florida

Safety Harbor, Florida

Saint Petersburg, Florida(3 reports)

Sarasota, Florida

Sebring, Florida(2 reports)

Seffner, Florida

Suwannee, Florida

Tampa, Florida

Venice, Florida

Vero Beach, Florida

Windermere, Florida

Anahola, Hawaii

Honolulu, Hawaii

Honomu, Hawaii

Wahiawa, Hawaii

Greensburg, Pennsylvania

Brookshire, Texas

Houston, Texas

Rockport, Texas

Christiansted, Virgin Islands

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Sep 2, 2016, AlohaMontanaDesign from Grover Beach, CA wrote:

I would appreciate information on growing this in central coastal CA. Our California Rare Fruit Growers Festival was a few weeks ago sponsored by our club in San Luis Obispo.

I bought from a vendor a one gallon 1/8 inch trunk about ten inches tall. I expect it was grown in a greenhouse. It has been outside on a rack. Coastal fog and yesterday bright sun.

Half of each leaf has turned a silver brown. No pattern. Some from the outside some from the inside. I expected I over watered. Either that or the sudden sun.

Any info available?


On May 30, 2016, dtmiami from Miami, FL wrote:

I don't have a post, I have a question. We have over 40 feet of Surinam Cherry as a privacy fence in our yard. It has been there for over 40 years. The past year, it has begun growing a weed that grows quickly and has thorns on it and it has been impossible to pull out by the roots as they are so entrenched in the soil. What can we put on them to get rid of them? My husband keeps cutting them out but they grow back quicker than ever and they are beginning to choke the hedge itself.


On Jun 6, 2015, Mark_B from Garden Grove, CA wrote:

Got a sapling earlier this spring. So far, so good. It seems to be very happy and is growing slowly but steadily, and the leaves are all green and lustrous. No fruits, yet. Will update these notes as time goes on.


On Apr 21, 2015, dadhe from Pune,
India wrote:


I live in the Indian city of Pune. I have planted Surinam Cherry plants about 15 years ago in my farm on a hill slope. The climate is sub tropical. temperature never goes below 10 deg C. Rain fall more than 1000 mm per year. Water does not stay due to the slopes.
The plants started fruiting from second year onwards and have never stopped. Getting fresh plants is a big problem. I have just this month managed to get some more plants to add to the five I have today. Fruits are dark maroon when ripe and taste very sweet.

Most people here confuse this fruit with Rai Awla (Phyllanthus acidus), a sweet/sour fruit liked for its sour taste. These fruit trees are very suited for Indian climate but for some reason not available in local market.

... read more


On Apr 6, 2014, greenbau from Lake Worth, FL wrote:

This may well be a threat as an invasive plant in S. Florida, sounds as if that is the case in Dade County and the Keys. Here in Palm Beach county it is growing well but not profusely in my garden, I haven;t seen any specimens in the wild but admit have not looked long and hard. So perhaps it should not be planted in Broward county or south. Sometimes the 'invasive' label seems a bit overkeen; sapadilla is listed as potentially invasive (category II?) and I should hate not to be able to plant this most delicious of fruits which deserves to be better known.


On Feb 23, 2014, malakai from Hampton, FL wrote:

Grows as a perennial here in North-Central Florida. While it has flowered at least every-other year, it has not ever had a chance to set fruit or become invasive.


On Sep 21, 2013, Maidhc from Jamestown,
Saint Helena wrote:

I'm an Irish national on a two year contract working as Agricultural Production Officer with the Agriculture and Natural Resources Division of the Govt. of St.Helena here in the South Atlantic Ocean. My wife and I live here at Cambrian House Jamestown which is the main(only) town on the island of 90 The climate is sub-tropical and the temperature never falls below 12deg. C.
We have a lovely Surinam Cherry bush in a little patch right in front of our door. It's currently producing its second crop of the year and we are making a S.Cherry and Apple pie today. We both love the spicy, aromatic scent and flavour. Invasive species is a very important matter here on St.Helena but I have not seen another SC plant on the island despite the liking for its fruits by the invasive Mynah Bi... read more


On Jan 25, 2013, GopherT from Syracuse, NY wrote:

I agree completely with ecological's post. I couldn't have said it better myself.


On May 9, 2012, GoWIld from Cape Coral, FL wrote:

I received a Surinam Cherry as a free tree from Researching the tree i learned it is consider a Category I evasive palnt on

I wonder why they would sell or give away a tree that is potentially harmful to Florida's environment? I emailed them and so far no response.


On Mar 10, 2012, Ikniqpalik from Anchorage, AK wrote:

When I got my Black-Fruited Surinam Cherry tree, it was dead on the top, &, had miscellaneous dead branches, but, after removing them, it took off just fine, & now, two years later, I'm seeing around 30 blooms, &, just had two open today.
It, & a goodly number of other plants, tropical fruits & fragrant flowers, are all grown under red & blue-spectrum LED lights.

What I'm wondering is, since I absolutely cannot find out in any Internet search, does anyone know for a certainty if these flowers are self-pollinating or what?
Mine, since I live in Anchorage, Alaska, is container-grown indoors, &, has no access to Bees & other pollinators.

Thanks for anyone's help with this.


On Mar 2, 2011, ecological from Orlando, FL wrote:

I am in a state of shock and rage to find this plant negitivized as invasive.It has been a no maintainence,no care privacy fence in my yard for over 40 years.Add to that a secure nesting site for generations of cardinals and mocking birds.This designation has been rendered by the same agency that promoted kudzu for erosion control as air potato until some one ate one and discovered theyre poisonous.With this country fixin to re-live the depression era-ww II subsistance gardening life,any edible fruit bearing plant is by no stretch of the imagination undesirable.Mine have shrugged off a horrific drought and two killer freeze winters.Someone needs a reality reconfiguration or job title.Its being sold in my garden centers as of this posting and I hope it sells well.


On Jan 4, 2005, NativePlantFan9 from Boca Raton, FL (Zone 10a) wrote:

Surinam Cherry (Eugenia uniflora) is very invasive in many natural areas as well as in the landscape as well as in many habitats in central and southern Florida and the Keys from zone 9a southward, including disturbed areas and vacant lots, pinelands, dry xeric sites and many other habitats, including in natural areas! It is weedy and spreading in many counties in the central and southern half of the state, including in my area, and the seeds are dispersed by birds and other wildlife to natural areas and other areas where they sprout, quickly grow and become invasive, and crowd out surrounding native vegetation nearly completely or totally! Because of it's high invasiveness in Florida from central Florida (zone 9a) southward through the rest of the state and the Keys and zone 11, it is now... read more


On Jan 4, 2005, TREEHUGR from Now in Orlando, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

Plants don't become catagory I invasives because they leave volunteers in your yard... They become catagory I invasives when birds or other creatures drop fruit/seed they obtained from your surinam cherry in nearby hammocks or natural areas where it spreads rapidly, forms dense thickets and outcompetes native flora as it is doing heavily in Miami-Dade and Broward counties florida, where the plant was once found at every K-mart garden center. The reason invasives get to be a bad problem is because homeowners don't realize what's happening because it's not going on in their yard.


On Jul 22, 2004, Jamespayne from Sebring, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

I am a middle aged man, who has seen a hedge of Surinam Cherry grow completly around my parents home. As a child and today, I love the fruit of this plant. I have never seen any invasive or out of control growing due to this plant. We trim the hedge when it needs trimming and keep it about 3 feet high. It grows in full sun to full shade and the foilage is very attractive, and unlike other hedges it is slow to grow and in need of trimming. This hedge has to be over 70 years old because my Grandparents planted it back in the 30's, and to my knowledge, it has never been bothered by frosts or freezes in zone 9a, central Florida. The darker the berry on this plant the sweeter the taste of the fruit!


On Apr 4, 2004, foodiesleuth from Honomu, HI (Zone 11) wrote:

We have two large shrubs in our yard - they are about 10' tall and about the same size in span. They are covered in fruit at this time and usually fruit twice a year.
I do not notice too many volunteer plants underneath. The birds don't seem to bother them and we have no squirrels.

The taste is sweet with a slightly tart undertone. I like making flavored vinegars with it. Wonderful in mixed fresh green salads, with some crumbled feta and chopped toasted macadamia nuts.

3 cups cherries
3/4 cup distilled vinegar
3/4 cup sugar
3/4 cup water

Cook until cherries are soft and mushy. Pass through a fine sieve, pushing as much of the pulp as you can through it. Beautiful ruby red color. Makes great gifts.

... read more


On Mar 1, 2004, Musgrave from Brandon, FL wrote:

I have been growing these plants since 1947 and eating them always . I like the taste . They do not always taste this way . If given lots of iron and fertilizer & water they get bigger and better. Of course they seem invasive they grow well and cannot be spread by birds perhaps squirrels . I also like their cousins the other Eugenias .


On Feb 24, 2004, LHGordonMD wrote:

This plant grows well in Hawaii in full or partial sun bearing a large quantity of fruit without any care. It grows up to about 8 feet. With enough sugar, it makes great preserves, a different taste than any other fruit that I know of.


On Feb 23, 2004, DawnRain from Bartow, FL wrote:

I grow this tree on my property in central Florida. There has not been one volunteer. I and the grandchildren love the fruit and I have added 4 more seedlings. I am surprised that someone said these large seeds were distributed in bird droppings. My large tree has survived the freezes since '89 and temps in the low 20's for days at a time. Not nearly as tender as I had supposed.


On Feb 22, 2004, MotherNature4 from Bartow, FL (Zone 9a) wrote:

Eugenia uniflora or Surinam Cherry is listed in Category I by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council for Central and South Florida.


On Aug 22, 2003, xyris from Sebring, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

Although it is a very handsome evergreen small tree, with the bonus of having "somewhat edible" fruit (those I have are too strongly aromatic for my taste), this species can be invasive in central Florida. It germinates very easily from seed spread by animals, and can overtake areas of native woodland shrubs.

Also, in central Florida it easily reaches 12 to 15 feet tall, maybe taller.


On Aug 22, 2003, IslandJim from Keizer, OR (Zone 8b) wrote:

I have a special interest in this plant. I have been selecting its fruit for fruit size and taste for about 6 years now. They normally fruit heaviest in spring [April-May] but also fruit small amounts all year.

In southwest Florida, they grow to be small trees or large shrubs. I am growing one as a small tree in the patio in front of my house and several others as large shrubs in the hedge around my property. The picture I posted shows cherries on the patio tree.


On Aug 22, 2003, Monocromatico from Rio de Janeiro,
Brazil (Zone 11) wrote:

This plant, amongst other places, comes from the brazilian coastal sandy plains, in other words, it vegetates on salty, white sand, although never reaching the same height it would in moist soils. I once found a comunity of Surinam Cherries living 500m from the sea under full sun, and the shrubs werent taller than 50cm, although they were loaded with normal-sized fruits - and they were delicious!

On the central plateau and more to the south, where the climate is colder and the soil is more fertile, this same species grows as tall shrubs to small trees, logically producing more fruits than the dwarf ones.

The seeds have a high germination rate, even if you trow it on the ground right after eating the fruit. I got one growing in a vase... I didnt know how unti... read more


On Aug 22, 2003, Thaumaturgist from Rockledge, FL (Zone 10a) wrote:

Surinam Cherry is a small tree/shrub with copper-pink young leaves. Mature leaves are opposite, ovate or narrowly ovate, subglossy with paler underside. It is generally spread by seeds from bird droppings.

Flowers are white, thin and are mostly axillary, solitary or fascicled with slender peduncles with small bracts,
4-lobed calyx, 4 petals.

Fruit are succulent and berrylike with 8 deep longitudinal grooves and 8 ridges. Ripe fruits are juicy and edible but acidic, red to deep red with 1 or 2 seeds.

Surinam Cherry grows best in fertile, moist soils and partial shade.