Hot Pepper, Grove Pepper 'Grove'

Capsicum frutescens

Family: Solanaceae (so-lan-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Capsicum (KAP-sih-kum) (Info)
Species: frutescens (froo-TESS-enz) (Info)
Cultivar: Grove
Additional cultivar information:(aka Grove Pepper, Wild Grove Pepper)
» View all varieties of Peppers


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)


Unknown - Tell us

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade

Heat (Pungency):

Moderate (1,000 to 5,000 Scoville Units)

Fruit Shape:


Fruit Size:

Small (under 2" in length)

Medium (4" to 6" in length)

Fruit Color:

Yellow changing to red

Disease Resistance:

Unknown - Tell us

Seed Type:



Fresh (salsa, salads)



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

Seed Collecting:

Collect seedhead/pod when flowers fade; allow to dry

Days to Maturity:

Mid (69-80 days)

Late (more than 80 days)

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Can be grown as an annual


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Brooksville, Florida

Fort Meade, Florida

Lakeland, Florida (2 reports)

Mulberry, Florida

Plant City, Florida

Venice, Florida

Wauchula, Florida

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Gardeners' Notes:


On May 23, 2019, nomobo from Umatilla, FL wrote:

My great-grandparents came to Florida in 1880. I distinctly remember my grandmother telling me of the Great Freeze(s) of 1894 and 1895 when she was 15 or so, and that the Florida Grove Pepper was firmly established even back then. And that was well before Mexicans arrived as grove laborers. Now, the Spanish had been here since the mid-1500s and had seeded the original wild orange trees. Maybe they brought the grove peppers also. But I defer to the gentleman from Oregon. Just being presumptuous here. Yeah, Iím pretty old.


On Mar 17, 2016, FlaTaylor wrote:

The Grove pepper was a wild pepper. Birds ate the seeds and dropped while sitting in trees in orange groves and they would sprout under the orange trees thus giving them the name grove pepper. Due to modern spraying and weed killers they are impossible to find in groves anymore.. They are very easy to grow compared to most peppers. The grove pepper is a very good flavored pepper and a good choice for cooking. I have many plants growing and I only water them once a week and they stay covered in peppers year round!


On Apr 7, 2015, flamale from Mulberry, FL wrote:

I've seen this pepper plant around all Central Florida my whole life...My father had a patch in Polk County that had Wintered over for several years and they were 4 1/2 feet tall and LOADED with peppers. It was so beautiful to see that rainbow of green,yellow,orange and red that I fell in love with hot peppers and have grown dozens of varieties ever since...I consider this pepper a close relative of the famous Tobasco pepper and I consider it to be VERY hot. These peppers make good pepper sauce for greens. Just fill a bottle and cover them with hot vinegar/water/salt mixture and put it in the fridge and sprinkle on sparingly until you see how hot it is.


On Jun 25, 2007, n4jmx from Wauchula, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:

I discovered this plant growing as a volunteer next to my dog pen. The cafeteria ladies at the school I work at use these peppers as a salad dressing. They place them in a glass container with vinegar and we sprinkle it onto our salads. Nice flavor and not too hot.
So when I discovered this plant growing in my yard I was very pleased. I plan on saving some of the peppers for seed and will keep you posted on my success with growing them.


On Dec 13, 2003, cujo1432 wrote:

My grove pepper plant seems to do well in full light in the morning and inderict sun light in the afternoon the best.. With lots of water.. The wetter the soil the more, umm I guess you could say" happier" the plant seems..Its grown approx. 2 inchs in the last month and a half, while its been around low 50's to the 40's out side at night and around 65-70 out side durring the day.. I found a great cheap fert. for it.. All you need is childrens vitamins.. I use flintstone chewable.. Take it push one down right next to the plant every 7 to 10 day and keep it well water'd.. you'll see your plant liven up alot..
I absolutly love the plant.. it grows well, and is hard to kill.. even if you forget it for a fews day..


On Aug 23, 2003, IslandJim from Keizer, OR (Zone 8b) wrote:

The "grove" pepper may or may not be the same as the "Fips" pepper [see "Peppers," Jean Andrews, University of Texas]. It gets its "grove" name from the fact that it was brought to south florida by the first Mexicans who came to work in the orange groves. So the "grove" moniker says more about Anglo presumptiousness than it does about varietal identification.

Otherwise, it's quite like the Thai Devil--in heat, growing habit [pointing up], shape, and color--but differs in size. Grove is two or three times larger than Thai Devil.