Achillea Species, Yarrow, Milfoil, Soldier's Woundwort, Staunchweed

Achillea millefolium

Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Achillea (ak-ih-LEE-a) (Info)
Species: millefolium (mill-ee-FOH-lee-um) (Info)
Synonym:Achillea albida
Synonym:Achillea ambigua
Synonym:Achillea ambigua
Synonym:Achillea anethifolia
Synonym:Achillea angustissima
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun



This plant is resistant to deer

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:


Pale Yellow

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Birmingham, Alabama

Huntsville, Alabama

Chandler, Arizona

Magalia, California

Merced, California

Aurora, Colorado

Denver, Colorado

Bartow, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Keystone Heights, Florida

Oakland, Florida

Saint Augustine, Florida

Saint Petersburg, Florida

Tallahassee, Florida

Royston, Georgia

Boise, Idaho

Anna, Illinois

Chicago, Illinois

Chillicothe, Illinois

Glen Ellyn, Illinois

Park Forest, Illinois

Pekin, Illinois

Washington, Illinois

Wheaton, Illinois

Jeffersonville, Indiana

Indianola, Iowa

Pacific Junction, Iowa

Benton, Kentucky

Gonzales, Louisiana

Bowie, Maryland

Brookeville, Maryland

Erie, Michigan

Owosso, Michigan

Pinconning, Michigan

Saint Helen, Michigan

Isle, Minnesota

La Crescent, Minnesota

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Madison, Mississippi

Saucier, Mississippi

Waynesboro, Mississippi

Aurora, Missouri

Cole Camp, Missouri

Plainfield, New Jersey

Seaside Heights, New Jersey

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Elephant Butte, New Mexico

Chapel Hill, North Carolina

Charlotte, North Carolina

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Kure Beach, North Carolina

Wilmington, North Carolina

Belfield, North Dakota

Guysville, Ohio

Springboro, Ohio

Stow, Ohio

Altus, Oklahoma

Enid, Oklahoma

Jay, Oklahoma

Tulsa, Oklahoma

Baker City, Oregon

Salem, Oregon

Millersburg, Pennsylvania

Millerstown, Pennsylvania

Prosperity, South Carolina

Lenoir City, Tennessee

Thompsons Station, Tennessee

Arlington, Texas

Austin, Texas

Beaumont, Texas

Belton, Texas

De Leon, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Humble, Texas

Santo, Texas

Tremonton, Utah

Leesburg, Virginia

Mechanicsville, Virginia

Midland, Virginia

Roanoke, Virginia

Bay Center, Washington

Seattle, Washington

Morgantown, West Virginia

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Aug 13, 2013, outdoorlover from Enid, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

This plant loves living in this area. It grows and grows, and stands straight up even when over watered. It is a vigorous grower with long standing blooms;


On May 9, 2008, Gaiagirl from Midland, VA wrote:

I made the mistake of planting Yarrow amongst other, more labor-intensive plants once, before understanding how it spreads (rhizomes) and so on. Now, I take advantage of its "invasiveness" to fill in an otherwise mangey-looking mostly-sunny spot along our otherwise wooded driveway. It's a refreshing break from all the weed trees, cedars, scrub growth, etc. Mullein usually pops up in the same area every year, so I'm liking it a lot. Note that when you pop for the wildly colored Yarrows that sometimes show up in nurseries, it's likely to revert back to its native off-white the following season. I found that to be true of a wine-colored variety I had once. Let it be the Yarrow it wants to be. Mine did great during last year's drought, when everything else was looking poor.


On Jun 29, 2006, CaptMicha from Brookeville, MD (Zone 7a) wrote:

Every summer, when I was a child, we would spend our summers in upstate NY, at Swan Lake.

These were the most popular wildflowers I saw and I'd make big bouquets for my grandma.

I was always wondering why I never saw them here in MD. Well, yesterday I was looking along my neighbor's neglected deer fence for wild flowers and I came across these diamonds in the rough.


On Jan 23, 2006, MotherNature4 from Bartow, FL (Zone 9a) wrote:

Just give it its own bed. It stays there pretty well. Yes, it can become invasive if you plant it in a bed with other plants.


On Jan 23, 2006, Breezymeadow from Culpeper, VA (Zone 7a) wrote:

This lovely wildflower/herb grows wild throughout Virginia, & I have quite a bit of it out in my fields, where it mingles beautifully with the wild ageratum, rudbeckia, queen anne's lace, etc.

Adapts readily to all sorts of growing conditions so long as it has full sun to partial shade, makes a lovely addition to informal arrangments, & the leaves can be finely minced & sparingly added to salads, although they are horrendously bitter, so that's not a use I wholeheartedly recommend. In years past the plant was commonly used in different herbal medicine preparations.


On Jan 22, 2006, Gabrielle from (Zone 5a) wrote:

I have read that yarrow is hardy in zones 2-10. Light aids germination of seeds. Blooms June-September in my garden. Performs best when not overwatered or over-fertilized, and flowers have the best color in full sun. Cut the plant way back when it starts looking shabby and it will come back looking nice and new again.


On Jul 31, 2005, Joan from Belfield, ND (Zone 4a) wrote:

Today we broke down and dug all this out. We found it was taking over the secret garden we had it planted in, and we also didn't like it's odor.


On May 2, 2005, ladyannne from Merced, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

Another herbal medicine cabinet must, it is a tonic and astrigent. One of our bunny's favorite treats. A super filler for dry area backgrounds, easily controlled by dead heading.


On Apr 2, 2005, SalmonMe from Springboro, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

Deadhead to lateral buds to prolong bloom period. Older plants may not respond as well as young plants do to deadheading efforts. Very wet soil may make this plant somewhat leggy. This plant is known for having an invasive habit in the garden, but diligent deadheading can prevent reseeding.


On Mar 24, 2005, pokerboy from Canberra,
Australia (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is a yarrow that spreads quickly and produces its fair share of starry white flowers thoughout the warmer months. If dead headed immediately it will rebloom. This plant is very drought tolerant. pokerboy.


On Nov 18, 2004, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Wild Yarrow or Milfoil grows in old fields, edges of woodlands and thickets.
Introduced from Europe milfoil is now naturalized in North America.
It is an excellent plant for the home garden and is extensively cultivated.
Many medicinal uses are made of this plant. Milfoil is referred to as Yarrow in the old herbals.
This plant volunteered in my garden and has done very well for me here in Arlington, Texas.


On May 13, 2004, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote:

Yarrow is a lovely wild flower that requires no care and blooms reliably.
The fine leaves and flowers make a lovely contrast against the coarser
plants in the medow. I like this plant very much.


On Aug 1, 2002, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Flowers are produced over a long season of bloom, June through September. Start indoors 8 weeks before last frost. Tolerant of dry soils, this achillea grows 2-3 tall and should be spaced a similar distance apart. Well suited for the vase, and outstanding as dried cuts, with stiff stems and persistent color. They also attract butterflies.


On Nov 23, 2000, poppysue from Westbrook, ME (Zone 5a) wrote:

This mat forming perennial has soft and feathery foliage that spreads by rhizomes. The common white yarrow has a reputation of being invasive in the garden but there are many hybrid cultivars with better manners for sale at garden centers. Its name achillea comes from the legend that it was used by Achilles to stop the bleeding of his wounded soldiers. Millefolium means thousand leaved referring to its finely divided ferny leaves. It is still used medicinally by herbalist as a styptic, for treating fevers, colds, and liver disorders. The flat flower clusters reach 4 inchess across and they hold their color well when dried, making it useful in dried floral crafts. Plants prefer full sun and well-drained soil but its tolerant of wide range of conditions and useful for trouble spot... read more