Actinidia Species, Chinese Gooseberry, Kiwi Fruit, Yang Tao

Actinidia chinensis var. hispida

Family: Actinidiaceae (ak-tin-id-ee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Actinidia (ak-tih-NID-ee-uh) (Info)
Species: chinensis var. hispida
Synonym:Actinidia deliciosa var. longipila
Synonym:Actinidia deliciosa var. coloris
Synonym:Actinidia deliciosa


Edible Fruits and Nuts

Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Vines and Climbers

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)


8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round in hardiness zone

Can be grown as an annual



Bloom Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are fragrant

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From softwood cuttings

From semi-hardwood cuttings

By grafting

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Fresno, California

Reseda, California

Lakeland, Florida

North Miami Beach, Florida

Mount Airy, Georgia

Tillamook, Oregon

Allyn, Washington

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jan 31, 2017, GrowInFlorida from North Miami Beach, FL wrote:

despite the fact that other vines grow abundantly here in my South Florida garden (jasmines, passifloras, sweet potatoes), kiwi is suffering for some reason and refuses to grow. The leaves look dried and half-dead, new growth in a year is almost none. There is no insect infestation of any kind, the plant just doesn't like something. I wish it talked to me!
One of the plants in the pot (they sell as male+female) died so I have no idea whether I'm left with a female or a male plant... I just will try to amend the soil and see if it makes any difference. I already tried a sunny spot according to instructions on the plant, which my kiwi didn't like at all; when I planted it in semi-shade it took, but then went back into a miserable state of being. I just hope I figure out the mystery ... read more


On Jan 9, 2015, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

There's a plant growing on a fence in the Arnold Arboretum (Boston Z6a), though I don't know how old it is.

It used to be called "Chinese gooseberry", but it couldn't be successfully marketed under that name in the USA during the Cold War. A marketer for the New Zealand growers tried calling it "kiwi fruit", and the rest is history.

The hardier species (A. arguta, A. polygama, A. kolomikta) have fruit that's just as tasty and doesn't need to be peeled.


On Jul 23, 2010, insipidtoast from Santa Barbara, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

Here's another plant that didn't make it in our area. I'm not sure why exactly, but suspect our soil was too alkaline and dry, as the other Californian said.


On Jul 26, 2005, mt_alder from Allyn, WA (Zone 8b) wrote:

I don't actualy grow this plant but a neighbor 1/8 mile down the road has 6 vines and they are HUGE! It fruits profusely producing at least 50 lbs a vine. The taste is something you can only dream of.

Exitedly mt_alder


On Aug 9, 2004, busybarbie from Melbourne,
Australia wrote:

Kiwifruit are delicious. Or Chinese Gooseberry is what we used to call them in New Zealand before the growers made the fruit more commercial.
Cut lengthways and scoop flesh out with spoon. Eat there and then or add to a fruit salad. Or leave fruit whole and peel away the fuzzy skin, slice into rounds and add to the top of a creamed sponge cake - wow, now that was a huge piece of New Zealand culture when I was growing up.
I can't imagine these plants will grow, let alone fruit in dry and drought conditions, maybe in pots if you keep the water up to them.


On Aug 9, 2004, Monocromatico from Rio de Janeiro,
Brazil (Zone 11) wrote:

Here some people call it "chinese strawberry", and it was its commercial name before they started calling it Kiwi. Its similar to a strawberry in taste (well... not entirely, but one can associate both tastes). The only weird thing is the fuzzy peel that has to be removed. I personaly like to cut the fruit in a half and eat the pulp with a spoom without peeling it. Also gives a good touch to fruit salads. Not my favorite fruit, but I give it a OK.


On Aug 8, 2004, martina from El Cajon, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

Our balance up to this moment is rather negative since we live in the desert-like area and are impatient. I was hoping to get fruit from my 3 females (& 1 male) Vincent vine but so far only got nice wild growth (new fuzzy pinkish shoots are very nice). I am also careful not to prune it in spring as that would produce a lot of sap drip.
I have fought several adversary conditions
a) time - literature says that one has to be patient for about 5 years b) water - kiwis need abundant water and that is a problem east fo San Diego - every year our plants suffer a drought shock (without giving us a proper timely warning). ALthough we water them often in a sudden heat wave or after a little bit of watering delay their leaves droop, dry at the ends and finally drop off. THis happened ... read more