Agave Species, Majestic Agave, Century Plant, Maguey

Agave beauleriana

Family: Asparagaceae
Genus: Agave (a-GAH-vee) (Info)
Species: beauleriana
Synonym:Agave franzosinii
View this plant in a garden


Cactus and Succulents

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Grown for foliage



Provides Winter Interest

Foliage Color:



4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)


4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

Bright Yellow

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Unknown - Tell us

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

This plant is monocarpic

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Chandler Heights, Arizona

Goodyear, Arizona

Phoenix, Arizona

Reseda, California

San Francisco, California

San Leandro, California

Thousand Oaks, California

Jacksonville, Florida

Miami, Florida

San Antonio, Texas(2 reports)

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Jul 10, 2004, ButterflyMom21 from San Antonio, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

Very easy to maintain and transplants easily (even when mishandled!). My father had one shoot off a few sucker plants right before it bloomed and died, and we moved all 5 to along the front of my winding driveway. I only watered them a few times that first year (2000) and never since, and they are a big and beautiful way to greet visitors to my home. I hope to post pictures soon! (although I am not looking forward to removing them once dead).

I would also like to mention that the flowering stalk on my father's was so huge (over 20 feet easily) that it collapsed from it's own weight!! My dad kept calling it his "giant asparagus".


On Oct 19, 2003, Happenstance from Northern California, CA wrote:

Original specimens found in Mexico were taken to Italy in the 19th century. Its Latin name is taken from the Italian villa where it became established. It was never seen in the wild in Mexico again.

Individual rosettes flower once and then die, leaving pups at the base which then grow to maturity. Flower stalks can reach 25 feet tall.

Not appropriate for most residential landscape situations because of its size and the difficulty of removing a mature specimen once it dies. Requires the use of a backhoe, chain saw and extreme caution to remove it because of its dangerous spines and large size.

These examples of in The Ruth Bancroft Garden in Walnut Creek, California. They are huge, showy blue-gray plants best seen from a distance.


On Sep 16, 2003, broozersnooze from Jacksonville, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

I've never owned one of these myself but I know several people here in northeast Florida (U.S.) that do.

One place I know is a business that has them all sizes from small to huge growing all around outside the fence surrounding their property and I just have to see them whenever I go that way. Some people in my neighborhood have several small ones that are currently blooming. Nice!


On Sep 15, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Some think this might be a variation of the common Agave americana (the common "Century Plant"), but it has some distinctive differences. It tends to be a larger plant, and doesn't sucker as profusely- actually, the best forms do not sucker at all... but unfortunately the few suckering forms are the easiest to propogate, so those are the forms usually for sale. It also has strikingly white leaves compared to the bluer leaves of A. americana.

Many Agaves are currently being sold as this species but in fact are something completely different. Leaves should be wide (up to a foot in diameter), with large, widely spaced marginal teeth and a very large, long, prominent terminal spine (most plants sold as this have relatively narrow leaves and small, closely spac... read more