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Euphorbia Species, Variegated African Candelabra

Euphorbia ammak var. variegata

Family: Euphorbiaceae (yoo-for-bee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Euphorbia (yoo-FOR-bee-uh) (Info)
Species: ammak var. variegata


Cactus and Succulents

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Suitable for growing in containers


12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)


Unknown - Tell us


USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Shade


All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:

Pale Yellow

Bright Yellow

Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Mid Winter


Unknown - Tell us

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From semi-hardwood cuttings

From hardwood cuttings

Allow cut surface to callous over before planting

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Chandler, Arizona

Tucson, Arizona

Clayton, California

Fairfield, California

Hayward, California

Perris, California

Reseda, California

San Leandro, California

Vista, California

Cleveland, Ohio

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On May 2, 2008, labeille from Long Beach, CA wrote:

It is true that is is carried at nearly every Target, which is where I purchased mine. It is the variegated version - which has sort of a blue-green appearance. I have some reservations about planting it, after having read about its poisonous propensities, especially with an inquisitive dog and young grandchildren. I went to several Target stores looking for a second one, thinking I wanted a pair, but the two others I found had a brown mold-like appearance at the base of one of the legs. Interestingly, after two months in the pot, mine developed the same brown rot/root mold. We live here at the coast, near the ocean, which might have some bearing. My husband moved it under one of the eves [to keep it away from grandson] and I think it got some unwanted extra water due to the location ... read more


On Sep 20, 2006, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

I am still confused about whether there is another form of Euphorbia ammak, or if all are variegated... I have some plants that may be the green form, but this is by far the more common form seen about California. You can get these at any Home Depot or Target in southern California, though can't speak for the rest of the country. Super easy to grow, fast, and will root from a chopped off 'arm' easily. However, does get a bit 'top heavy' after a while and the 'arms' will often need to be chopped off, just to keep them from breaking off eventually and hurting something far below. Have seen 20'+ tall plants fallen over at the Huntington Gardens in Pasadena on multiple occasions, so I would probably recommend 'staking' your plant if you intend to let it get that tall.

Deve... read more


On Sep 12, 2005, BayAreaTropics from Hayward, CA wrote:

Planted a 4 footer three years ago outdoors and it has almost doubled in height with multiple hefty arms. The more sun the better,reflected heat boosts growth .Likes regular summer watering,fast drainage, and organic fertilizers.A very unique looking plant for the bay area.I can't think of anything else that looks like it.


On Sep 18, 2003, Happenstance from Northern California, CA wrote:

Like all Euphorbia HANDLE WITH CARE, the latex/sap is dangerous and can cause skin rash, itching and general discomfort.