Oenothera Species, Appleblossom Grass, Lindheimer's Beeblossom, Wandflower, White Gaura

Oenothera lindheimeri

Family: Onagraceae (on-uh-GRAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Oenothera (ee-no-THEE-ruh) (Info)
Species: lindheimeri (lind-HY-mer-ee) (Info)
Synonym:Gaura hirsuta
Synonym:Gaura lindheimeri
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round in hardiness zone



Bloom Color:

Pale Pink


White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Seed Collecting:

Collect seedhead/pod when flowers fade; allow to dry

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:


Wetumpka, Alabama

Phoenix, Arizona

Chowchilla, California

Clayton, California

Eureka, California

Fremont, California

Irvine, California

Martinez, California

Merced, California

Palm Springs, California

Santa Ana, California

Grand Junction, Colorado

Beverly Hills, Florida

Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Interlachen, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Keystone Heights, Florida

Merritt Island, Florida

Milton, Florida

Orlando, Florida

Wellborn, Florida

Winter Springs, Florida

Cumming, Georgia

Marietta, Georgia

Rincon, Georgia

Winterville, Georgia

Garden City, Idaho

Lake In The Hills, Illinois

Mount Prospect, Illinois

Washington, Illinois

Jeffersonville, Indiana

Olathe, Kansas

Houma, Louisiana

Edgewater, Maryland

Manton, Michigan

Jersey City, New Jersey

Verona, New Jersey

Chimayo, New Mexico

Elephant Butte, New Mexico

Silver City, New Mexico

Bridgeton, North Carolina

Fayetteville, North Carolina

Greenville, North Carolina

Wilmington, North Carolina

Columbia Station, Ohio

Central Point, Oregon

Portland, Oregon

Abington, Pennsylvania

Edinboro, Pennsylvania

New Freedom, Pennsylvania

Johns Island, South Carolina

North Augusta, South Carolina

Amarillo, Texas

Arlington, Texas

Austin, Texas

Azle, Texas

Carrollton, Texas

Crawford, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Georgetown, Texas

Hereford, Texas

Iredell, Texas

Irving, Texas

Missouri City, Texas

Paris, Texas

Portland, Texas

Richardson, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

Ogden, Utah

Charlottesville, Virginia

Mechanicsville, Virginia

Staunton, Virginia

Suffolk, Virginia

Kalama, Washington

Lyle, Washington

Ellsworth, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Dec 20, 2015, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

This is one of the longest blooming of perennials---a tremendous performer, and tough as a boot. It is graceful, and it looks good at all times. It never has a bad hair day. Due to its fine texture, in the border it plays the essential role of supporting character. It is not a leading lady.

It tends to be short-lived, but if you're lucky it may self-sow a bit.

Some plants have red-spotted foliage, and some are tinted red all over. This is an ornamental feature, and does not indicate disease.

Must have full sun (at least 6-8 hours) and good drainage. Tap-rooted, it tolerates heat, drought and poor soils, and never needs dividing. Performs best with regular moisture.

Like some other perennials, this does best in lean soils. In rich... read more


On Oct 10, 2015, 00264167 from herne bay,
United Kingdom wrote:

Here are some things i've found out about gaura after several years of growing it and a number of other cultivars:

They must have full sun to flower properly, if they're in the shade of other plants or less than half a day of sun they just don't flower very much.

Although they've got a reputation for being drought tolerant, and they are, they actually like and grow much better in moisture retentive, even damp soil. I was also surprised to find that during one winter the border was underwater for 3 days in a very wet but not cold winter and it had no adverse effect on the guara.

The plain species is an unwieldy beast that gets 3-4 foot tall and wide and flops over anything near it, making it hard to place in a border except at the front. Other cu... read more


On Jul 3, 2012, lotone67 from Reno, TX wrote:

Bought two from our local nursery here in Azle, Tx. The first year they were scraggly and unimpressive. They died to the ground in winter and came back with flying colors (or should I say whirling butterflies) this spring and look fantastic. The wife and I love them. Very low maintenance. I watered them regularly for the first couple of months to help them get established and haven't had to baby them since. Great drought tolerant plant for North Texas.


On Oct 9, 2010, lehua_mc from Portland, OR (Zone 8b) wrote:

I started seeds of Gaura (Butterfly Gaura) from Botanical Interests in May, a little bit of a late start given that they recommend fall or spring last frost sowings. Three of 5 germinated, and in garden soil they grew well enough to send up a couple sprays of flowers each. They are still lanky this year, but will fill out nicely next season. I've planted them behind some small showy sedums to help keep them from crashing down into the mud with our late season rains.


On Feb 12, 2010, 484848 from Binningup,
Australia wrote:

This looks beautiful and is easy to grow in Perth WA and sourounds! It looks really lovely framing agapanthas.


On May 18, 2008, trioadastra from Woodbury, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

Love this plant! It's light and airy and goes great with large leaved companions. Although it's hardy to zone 6, I have had mine come back consistently in zone 4 w/ no cover, and it even made some volunteers.


On Apr 28, 2007, pyranha from Lake in the Hills, IL wrote:

With some trial and error, I found that planting it up against the foundation on the south and west side of house it will survive hardiness zone 5a (McHenry Co. IL). Starting out at quart size did best. For the last 4 years it has come back fuller each year, grows at least 3 ft. wands and blooms until a freeze. Away from the foundation it was more like an annual. Beautiful plant, not invasive/ never reseeds here. Low maintenance, cut back after freeze, put and inch or two of mulch on top and forget about it- new growth in spring grows through it. Did well during drought also.


On May 20, 2006, diana_s from Milton, FL (Zone 8b) wrote:

Constant bloomer until forst--small flowers but makes a good filler for the butterfly/hummer garden.


On Mar 4, 2006, parkerpt from Amarillo, TX wrote:

I bought two Guara late in the Fall of 2004 and thought they would fail overwintering. Instead, they have flourished in well-mulched, fast draining soil (clay!!) and each plant grew to 2+ feet in the first growing season and bloomed profusely. They are each near a south facing brick wall. They seem to love the heat. On March 15, 2005, they were buried under 8 inches of snow and didn't seem to mind. And again on May 2nd (seriously) they were under a few inches of snow and didn't seem the least bit affected.


On Feb 24, 2006, jdiaz from Chowchilla, CA wrote:

nice in mass plantings. does not mind root disturbance at all and it is very easy to propagate. when i moved my gaura, i stuck the shovel right through the thick tap root and placed it in its new home, covered it with a little dirt and then watered it a little. it quickly recovered and in about 4 months, was covered in blooms.

to propagate, take thick base cuttings and place them in water. they should begin to root within a few weeks.



On Jul 11, 2005, Purple_Pansies from Lincroft, NJ (Zone 7a) wrote:

I wouldn't give this plant a negative because its not that bad. But I wouldn't give it a positive. This is a fairly unimpressive plant with sparse small flowers. Better for a wild flower garden than a garden where flowers/plants should be showstoppers. :)


On May 21, 2005, Ladyfern from Jeffersonville, IN (Zone 6a) wrote:

Graceful and winsome. Plant this up close to the path since it is a "see-through" plant.
Requires excellent drainage or will rot over winter. Self-seeds a little if not deadheaded. Resents root disturbance and never needs dividing.


On Aug 18, 2004, pokerboy from Canberra,
Australia (Zone 8b) wrote:

A shrubby perennial plant that thrives in a sunny spot. This plant can thrive for years with very, very little attention. Plants bloom in summer. Heat and humidity tolerant.


On Apr 9, 2004, angelam from melbourne,
Australia wrote:

I was positive about this plant in its early years, but have found they 'migrate' in the garden bed by their roots and as the plants age they have less flowers and become harder to remove. I have some that have got under some paving and have to date beaten my attempts to get rid of them.


On Apr 22, 2003, ranch45 from Interlachen, FL wrote:

I purchased 2 of these plants for a "dead spot" in my garden bed, where it would receive afternoon sun. They are doing absolutely wonderful - filled with blooms.

My granddaughter likes to look at (and pick) my flowers, so I always try to have something new when she comes to visit. Easter weekend was her first visit of the year and I showed her my "butterfly" plant. Her response was, "Mama, you're right! If you turn the flower this way, it does look like a butterfly!!" What a great way to enjoy this plant and your grandchildren all at the same time!!!


On Apr 21, 2003, luvsflowers from Irving, TX wrote:

I have 3 Gauras each in a 3-gallon urn. This is their 2nd year to bloom and they look fabulous. I left the urns out all winter, even through a couple of ice storms. I only watered them about once each month from December to February. The foliage came back in March and they have been blooming for about a week now (mid-April).


On Dec 27, 2001, Floridian from Lutz, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

A North American wildflower that will bloom from early summer into fall. This graceful, bushy plant is very drought and heat tolerant. It prefers full sun and well drained soil. A pruning in mid-summer will keep the Guara from getting leggy and floppy while encouraging more blooms. Blooming will continue if old flower spikes are removed. It will grow to a height of 2-4 ft. and a spread of 2-3ft. Butterflies are attracted to these plants.