Opuntia Species, Prickly Pear Cactus, Beavertail Cactus, Beavertail Pricklypear

Opuntia basilaris

Family: Cactaceae (kak-TAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Opuntia (op-UN-shee-a) (Info)
Species: basilaris (bas-il-LAIR-iss) (Info)
Synonym:Opuntia brachyclada
Synonym:Opuntia whitneyana
Synonym:Opuntia basilaris var. basilaris
Synonym:Opuntia basilaris var. brachyclada


Alpines and Rock Gardens



Cactus and Succulents

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade


Grown for foliage

Provides Winter Interest

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


3-6 in. (7-15 cm)

6-9 in. (15-22 cm)


USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

Where to Grow:

Can be grown as an annual


Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:


Magenta (pink-purple)

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer

Other details:

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds

Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds

Wear gloves to protect hands when handling seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Ajo, Arizona

Chandler Heights, Arizona

Gilbert, Arizona

Phoenix, Arizona

Queen Creek, Arizona

Salome, Arizona

Show Low, Arizona

Wellton, Arizona

Anza, California

Auburn, California

Bostonia, California

Inglewood, California

Inyokern, California

Livermore, California

Ontario, California

Pittsburg, California

Reseda, California

San Diego, California (2 reports)

Spring Valley, California

Boise, Idaho

Meridian, Idaho

Owatonna, Minnesota

Lucedale, Mississippi

Henderson, Nevada

Las Vegas, Nevada (2 reports)

Sparks, Nevada

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Las Cruces, New Mexico

Penn Yan, New York

Norwood, Pennsylvania

Austin, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Dec 13, 2018, jonsnow from Inglewood, CA wrote:

Do these only grow new pads in the spring?


On Aug 17, 2017, miho from auburn,
United States wrote:

Have a desert garden in the hottest part of the yard. Layed a mixture of 50-50 sand and pea-gravel to a depth of 1 1/2 ft., as rainfall is usually too much in the winter months here. Have Opuntia basilaris and some Echinocereus planted in there among desert shrubs and wildflowers. Had 55 inches of rainfall last season, nothing rotted! And contrary to the pros, which call for draught conditions in wintertime, mine were drenched, still blossomed very well in spring. Our winters get down to 20 here.


On Mar 21, 2015, Kell from Northern California, CA (Zone 9b) wrote:

Per Jan Emming owner of the Destination:Forever Ranch and Gardens, a 40 acre desert botanical garden and sustainable living homestead in the Arizona desert with a nursery:

I passed by this beavertail prickly pear cactus (Opuntia basilaris) in full glorious bloom while shooting images of sand dune wildflowers nearby at Havasu National Wildlife Refuge on the Colorado River. The photo opportunity jumped right out at me from a hundred yards away. In fact, the plant is finishing off its final set of flowers since most of the buds have already opened and then closed, so I was lucky to catch a decent bunch still open. Cacti like this are notorious for putting on an extremely showy but very short-lived display lasting only a week or two at most, with individual flowers usually lasti... read more


On May 27, 2014, kinderegg from Las Vegas, NV wrote:

This plant comes with trade offs. The big plus is, it need no water even in the Mojave desert, and has stunning magenta flowers. The big negative is it is covered in glochids (tiny spines resembling fiberglass). These glochids will cover a glove and render it unuseable, stick to a hose or anything that comes in contact with it and find their way into your skin. They are highly irritating, and difficult to remove with either a pair of tweezers, razor blade or duct tape. Only suitable to plant in an area you will observe from afar.


On Jan 7, 2013, idahocactus2 from Boise, ID wrote:

Opuntia basilaris is found quite abit in the desert yards here in southwest Idaho. Our low elevation and dry climate makes it ideal for many of the varieties of this plant. The pads can get up to a foot long, depending on the variety, and covered with many blooms every season. They do better when they are planted on well draining loose gravelly to sandy/volcanic soils which are raised about 2 feet or more. Very little damage is noted even in severe below zero weather, except on some of the most southerly varieties from Arizona.

Encredible blooms and lightly scented. The fragrance is more pronounced especially on hot days.

Easily grown from cuttings.


On Feb 13, 2012, beckstrommarc from Livermore, CA (Zone 9a) wrote:

I am doing a Taxonomic Revision on Opuntia basilaris, there will be lots of changes many new varieties and several natural accruing hybrids.


On Apr 13, 2011, DMersh from Perth,
United Kingdom (Zone 7b) wrote:

There seems to be some variation in the hardiness of different varieties, a plant I had disintegrated at the joints after being snow covered


On May 22, 2009, BobBrins from Norwood, PA wrote:

A neighbor gave me this. It flowered last year, 2008. This year it looks like there will be many more flowers than just the two we had last year.


On Jun 4, 2008, Scorpio_69 from Show Low, AZ (Zone 6b) wrote:

Grows wild (in my yard) here in Zone 6b at 6,300 ft elevation. Did fine with a fair amount of snow this winter. Gave a little attention and some extra water in spring, many new pads and buds. I'm looking forward to experimenting with eating the fruit and pads.


On Mar 31, 2005, nevadagdn from Sparks, NV (Zone 7a) wrote:

Go figure. THIS opuntia survived 4 feet of snow piled on top of it and a Zone 7 winter. It looked pretty awful right after the snow melted, but it's perked up must faster than its hardier cousins.


On Nov 9, 2004, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Oval shaped, upright, blue-gray in color. Spineless with pink flowers which are up to 3" in diameter.


On Sep 26, 2004, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

plant labeled as this in Huntington Gardens has attractive pale purply leaves all heart-shaped and spines barely protruding from the surface of the pads. Pads up to 6" long and 5" across.


On Sep 4, 2004, Xenomorf from Phoenix, AZ (Zone 9b) wrote:

Has smaller pads than the root species. Grows in chaparral vegetation and on the edges of the California deserts.


On Sep 4, 2004, Xenomorf from Phoenix, AZ (Zone 9b) wrote:

This variety is the most common occuring throughout the species. It has more obovate pads to more than 6 inches long.

I've seen this growing in the wild on the 'El Camino Del Diablo Trail' (Devils' Highway) that runs between Ajo and Wellton in Arizona through the Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge.


On Mar 28, 2004, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Whether on not this should be entered separately is not known to me... there are plenty of references describing this miniature form, but some think this is just a variation of the species Opuntia basilaris. This is a native cactus to Southern California- has a nice turqouisey coloration and very short spines (still sharp and annoying)