Monkey Grass

Liriope minor

Family: Ruscaceae
Genus: Liriope (lir-RYE-oh-pee) (Info)
Species: minor (MY-nor) (Info)




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


under 6 in. (15 cm)


3-6 in. (7-15 cm)


USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade

Partial to Full Shade



Bloom Color:

White/Near White


Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer


Grown for foliage


Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

Seed Collecting:

Remove fleshy coating on seeds before storing

Allow unblemished fruit to ripen; clean and dry seeds

Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Birmingham, Alabama

Wedowee, Alabama

Little Rock, Arkansas

Clovis, California

Bartow, Florida

Pensacola, Florida

Albany, Georgia

Lawrenceville, Georgia

Savannah, Georgia

Smyrna, Georgia

Benton, Kentucky

Logansport, Louisiana

Dexter, Missouri

Kansas City, Missouri

Saint Louis, Missouri

Coats, North Carolina

Landis, North Carolina

Oak Ridge, North Carolina

Hulbert, Oklahoma

Newalla, Oklahoma

Campobello, South Carolina

Summerville, South Carolina

Knoxville, Tennessee

Abilene, Texas

Baytown, Texas

Broaddus, Texas

Grapevine, Texas

Houston, Texas

San Antonio, Texas (2 reports)

San Augustine, Texas

Spring Branch, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Apr 25, 2008, jlarnold1031 from Saint Louis, MO wrote:

I love using monkey grass as a border for my beds. In St. Louis, Missouri, it faithfully returns every year and provides a full yet compact edging for my taller plants. It does try to spread into the beds, but is easily controlled.


On Jan 16, 2008, pupilpropogtr from Birmingham, AL (Zone 7b) wrote:

Works as a wonderful edging plant. I have it growing in both full sun and mostly shaded areas. It does well in both. I would caution to keep an eye on it. It has a tendency to spread, but babies are easy to pull up.


On Apr 27, 2006, SudieGoodman from Broaddus, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

Zone 8b Broaddus, TX southeast
I've had this plant in two big pots for about 8 yrs. Today, I will transplant it into good soil.
Lilriope minor will be a border in sun, part shade.


On Jul 14, 2004, MotherNature4 from Bartow, FL (Zone 9a) wrote:

This is a wonderful little ground cover under our evergreen oaks where lawn grass won't grow because of the shade. It will spread, but only enough to fill in the spaces between plants. I've been growing it over 30 years and don't have to dig any up very often. I don't find it invasive, but always have some to give away.


On Jul 2, 2004, raven1 from Tampa, FL wrote:

Liriope or Monkey Grass also grows in Florida in fact it does extremely well here it is used to border flower beds and if you are planning a xeroscape it will also make a great ground cover.