Ficus Species, Moreton Bay Fig

Ficus macrophylla

Family: Moraceae (mor-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Ficus (FY-kus) (Info)
Species: macrophylla (mak-roh-FIL-uh) (Info)



Tropicals and Tender Perennials

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


over 40 ft. (12 m)


over 40 ft. (12 m)


USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Unknown - Tell us

Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

From softwood cuttings

From semi-hardwood cuttings

From seed; germinate in a damp paper towel

From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Carlsbad, California

Corte Madera, California

Fallbrook, California(5 reports)

Fremont, California

Hayward, California

Pasadena, California

Riverside, California

San Diego, California

San Marino, California

San Pedro, California

Santa Barbara, California

Temecula, California

Whittier, California

Kissimmee, Florida

Miami, Florida

Venice, Florida

Grenoble, Rhône-Alpes

Memphis, Tennessee

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On May 6, 2005, Kameha from Kissimmee, FL (Zone 9b) wrote:

There is a very large moreton bay fig tree at Disney's Polynesian Resort at Disney World, or so I was told when I asked what type of banyan it was. It is well over 40 feet high and has the beautiful aerial roots that all banyans have. Beautiful!


On Apr 1, 2004, rabbidavid from Memphis, TN wrote:

Started "Moretys" from seed sent to me from Australia in 1987, now a specimen bonsai tree. Have reproduced countless new plants/trees from cuttings; in water or in porous moist soil. Humidity is a plus in full sun, shade in arid areas such as Arizona. Well-draining, porous soil is a must, i.e., aggregate mixture with humus. My favorite tropical!


On Oct 5, 2003, Monocromatico from Rio de Janeiro,
Brazil (Zone 11) wrote:

The specific name "macrophylla" (meaning "large leaf") may sound strange, since this species doesnt have exactly the largest leaves amongst the genus Ficus, but in Australia, where this is a native, the other Ficus species have much smaller leaves.

According to specialists, the leaves are used in Australia as cattle food, although it may change the milk flavour.


On Oct 5, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is a great tree for Southern California large parks and gardens. It has incredibly huge roots, however, and will destroy driveways, sewage lines and walls. So plant it far away. It creates a wonderful canopy under which you can grow all sorts of tropicals that need a dappled or shady environment (many palms and ferns, for example). In S California it doesn't tend to 'banyan' as much as in humid climates, where literally hundreds of aerial trunks meet the soil creating great collections of collumns of various diameters. It is an ever-green, but does lose its huge leaves constantly, so does require some regular maintenance. You may also have to prune enormous branches now and then to keep the shade from getting too dense. If you're ever in San Diego visiting the zoo, you can't he... read more


On Oct 5, 2003, IslandJim from Keizer, OR (Zone 8b) wrote:

Stately tree for a park or estate, but way too large for your average back yard.