Copernicia Species, Bailey's Copernicia Palm, Yarey Palm

Copernicia baileyana

Family: Arecaceae (ar-ek-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Copernicia (koh-per-NEE-kee-uh) (Info)
Species: baileyana (bay-lee-AY-nuh) (Info)
Synonym:Copernicia baileyana f. bifida
Synonym:Copernicia baileyana var. laciniosa


Tropicals and Tender Perennials


Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Grown for foliage


Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


over 40 ft. (12 m)


12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)


USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Unknown - Tell us

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Thousand Oaks, California

Westminster, California

Brandon, Florida

Cape Coral, Florida

Miami, Florida

Naples, Florida

Palm Bay, Florida

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Nov 16, 2004, jungleboy_fl from Naples, FL wrote:

As with most Copernicia, baileyana takes quite a while to reach a size suitable for landscape purposes. Thus, these are quite expensive, even here in Florida. Interestingly, once planted, the "Bailey Palm" spends much of it's time producing a very deep rootsystem for the first few years. Once adequately rooted in, it begins to grow more rapidly. There are some absolutely gorgeous specimens here in Naples. If you plan on growing yours in a container for a while, I suggest using the deepest pot you can find. The last thing you want to do with a palm this slow growing, it to slow it down further by impeding proper root development. I've found these to be very tolerant of drought- no surprise due to it's Cuban origin. Universally admired, don't hesitate to add this incredible palm to y... read more


On Aug 23, 2004, Kylecawaza from Corte Madera, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

There is only one trunking specimen in CAlifornia in Encinitas.


On Oct 5, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Huge palm... but takes decades to get there. Here in So Cal, this is a really slow plant, but only recently have people tried to grow it since it was always thought it was too tropical for here. Turns out it does pretty well, even in my old garden where temps get down to 26F briefly. It performs much better in humid, hot climates, though, and is a native of Cuba. There are some impressive stands of them at Fairchild Tropical Gardens in Florida. An adult plant can reach 60' and have a trunk over 2' in diameter... huge white pilars that look like concrete. The leaves are 5 feet in diameter and nearly a perfect circle with many evenly spaced, stiff leaflets... one of the most beautiful leaves in the palm world. As a seedling it's a bit less impressive, but has very stiff, leathery leav... read more