Ficus Species, Roxburgh Fig

Ficus auriculata

Family: Moraceae (mor-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Ficus (FY-kus) (Info)
Species: auriculata (aw-rik-yoo-LAY-tuh) (Info)
Synonym:Ficus angladei
Synonym:Ficus cochinchinensis
Synonym:Ficus hainanensis


Edible Fruits and Nuts


Water Requirements:

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade


Grown for foliage


Foliage Color:




12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)


20-30 ft. (6-9 m)

30-40 ft. (9-12 m)


USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

From softwood cuttings

From semi-hardwood cuttings

By air layering

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Camarillo, California

Hayward, California

Los Angeles, California

Reseda, California

San Leandro, California

San Marino, California

Santa Barbara, California

Spring Valley, California

Sylmar, California

Vista, California

Lake Worth, Florida

Merritt Island, Florida

Mulberry, Florida

Colquitt, Georgia

Pass Christian, Mississippi

Austin, Texas

Richmond, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Apr 26, 2020, Anton15 from Hong Kong,
Hong Kong wrote:

Ficus auriculata is a stunning small foliage and fruit tree. The leaves get huge, beautifuly broad roundish fan shaped and very attractively pleated.
The thing that I personally love about them is the flush of new leaves that appear in the rainy season. Out of the candle red leaf sheaths of the leaf buds emerge those huge lovely pleated fan shaped leaves in a stunning deep red that turn coppery then slowly fade to a lovely pastel orange/pink flush even when the leaves are aready pretty large. By the time they mature they become a lovely bright green. A couple of flushes a year so it is often covered in colour in the wet season.

It's not a very tall tree but spreads rather charmingly like it was a giant. Very large shrub size tree, thick trunk with thick low slung b... read more


On Sep 8, 2012, changa4 from SYLMAR, CA wrote:

We live in the los angeles area and our ficus auriculata was doing very well, until the new gardener cut the bottom growth. It seems this bottom growth was helping to keep the soil moist in our 100+ degree weather. Now ficus is dropping leaves like crazy! We are so sad, but hope it recoups.
Has anyone had any luck with growing new plants from cuttings?


On May 5, 2012, alenemurphy from Camarillo, CA wrote:

I've had this tree growing in my yard for about a year. The leaves all fall off mid to late winter but they quickly start growing again in spring. I love this tree and its beautiful leaves for our tropical backyard. It was the first thing I planted when we started to re-do our yard, and of course, now it is not in the right place, so I'd like to move it. It is not huge (about 4ft). Has anyone had any experience doing this? I assume it will fair well as most of ficus root easily. Is there a specific time of year that would be best to do this?


On Feb 17, 2012, vossner from East Texas,
United States (Zone 8a) wrote:

In my z9a, this fig dies to the ground and emerges in spring. I have seen a spectacular specimen at Yucca Do Nursery when it was located off FM 359 in Hempstead, TX. I was told it was not given any sort of winter protection and was planted inground in a brutally sunny location. I lost a Roxburgh fix in the winter of 2008 and quickly replaced it. It makes such a statement in the garden. Mine are in ground, in moist locations.


On May 23, 2009, markdeutsch from Pass Christian, MS wrote:

There are two reasons to start cuttings of this tree in at least a 3gal. pot. The leaves get so big, they transpire much water. This makes them subject to drying if moist soil is not maintained. Also, if it's put in a small pot, it quickly outgrows it. Save yourself some trouble by starting with a medium or large one. I'm amazed at how fast this tree grows ! I began a year ago with a six- inch start in a 1 gal. pot. It grew to 3 feet tall in 3 months. Mother plant was almost dormant in winter protection. It is now 5 ft. tall with 2 ft long leaves. It is this size after taking about 10 cuttings off. In the cool of March I stuck a 6 inch piece in the native soil of 5.5 ph. It is now,in late May, about a foot tall with 7 hand-sized leaves. Because I'm at the border of Zone 8B-9A, I expe... read more


On Jan 20, 2009, WebInt from Vista, CA (Zone 10a) wrote:

There are two forms of this plant being sold. The true form that you see here in PF mostly and a more traditional tree forming type. The true form has larger leaves with no serration. It tends to form a large shrub-like tree. The other one has smaller leaves and that are serrated. This version can be grown into a tree. Both are called Ficus auriculata and both have the nice maroon new growth.


On Apr 18, 2008, GaTropical wrote:

Grows quite well as a perennial in southern Georgia (zone 8b). Grows 8 to 10 feet tall in a single season with 18+ inch leaves before dying to the ground with the first freeze. Got my cutting from a plant grown outdoors in Anniston, AL (northern AL) so is probably hardy as a perennial much further north than here. Excellent plant to add a tropical touch to a temperate garden.


On May 17, 2007, BayAreaTropics from Hayward, CA wrote:

Well,i just got mine today. It might be the first in Northern California. Why isnt it planted here when it's a semi hardy fig?.It is claimed to be a USDA Zone 8b plant.That's more than hardy enough for northernCal.
I also understand it to be able to take xeric conditions when established and some have said the figs are sweet and delicious. That's alot of good things.


On Oct 7, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is a spectacular tree and has incredibly nice, large leaves that are maroon when just emerging. Though not a tall tree, it can be very wide (20-30') and is a prolific producer of large figs though not sure how edible they are... they grown in large quantities right off the trunk, sometimes nearly covering it... figs flattish shaped. This native of South China is growing in several locations about Southern California