Australian Cabbage Palm

Livistona australis

Family: Arecaceae (ar-ek-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Livistona (liv-iss-TOH-nuh) (Info)
Species: australis (aw-STRAL-iss) (Info)



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


over 40 ft. (12 m)


8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)


USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade


Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:


Bloom Time:

Unknown - Tell us


Grown for foliage


Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

Seed Collecting:

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Brentwood, California

Garden Grove, California

Los Angeles, California

Rancho Cucamonga, California

San Diego, California

Thousand Oaks, California

Grant, Florida

Sarasota, Florida

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 10, 2010, HK22 from Sydney,
Australia wrote:

Tall, rather slender, very slow growing palm native to Australia.
For whatever reason, it is sometimes confused with Washingtonia robusta.


On Oct 7, 2003, kennedyh from Churchill, Victoria,
Australia (Zone 10a) wrote:

This is an interesting palm tree, as being the most southerly species in Australia, extending down into Victoria as a single small stand at Cabbage-tree Creek.
The day I photographed this species, I collected a seedling (with a single blade-like leaf) and I planted it in my garden. It has done well, but has grown very slowly, gradually expanding the size of the crown of the tree. After 15 years it is perhaps beginning to develop a trunk, which is no more than 30 cms so far, but it has a great head of fan-like leaves with very spiny stems.


On Oct 7, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Relatively common landscape plant in Southern California, at least among palm growers. Not that common in general nurseries. Australian native with classic droopy fan leaves- fairly fast grower... only a few species of Livistona that are faster (decipiens and nitida). Very sharp teeth along petioles. It is one of the easiest palms to grow in zones 9b on up. As an adult, it can be hard to tell apart from many of the other Livistonas- decipiens (now call decorum), nitida, mariae/rigida/occidentalis... all have large palmate, to somewhat costapalmate leaves with drooping leaflet tips. But this one has one of the more finely split leaflets, with on L decipiens maybe being more finely split. As a seedling, this species has more palmate leaves with only a bit of droop, compared to the muc... read more