Hylocereus Species, Dragon Fruit, Fire Dragon Fruit, Pitajaya

Hylocereus polyrhizus

Family: Cactaceae (kak-TAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Hylocereus (hy-loh-KER-ee-us) (Info)
Species: polyrhizus (pol-ee-RY-zus) (Info)
Synonym:Cereus polyrhizus
» View all varieties of Orchid Cactus


Vines and Climbers

Cactus and Succulents


Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade


Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


6-12 in. (15-30 cm)

12-18 in. (30-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


12-15 in. (30-38 cm)

15-18 in. (38-45 cm)

18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)

4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)

20-30 ft. (6-9 m)


USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Can be grown as an annual


Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Flowers are fragrant

Bloom Size:


Bloom Time:

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From woody stem cuttings

Allow cut surface to callous over before planting

Seed Collecting:

Unblemished fruit must be significantly overripe before harvesting seed; clean and dry seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Montgomery, Alabama

Chandler Heights, Arizona

Gilbert, Arizona

Peoria, Arizona

Phoenix, Arizona (2 reports)

Camarillo, California

Hayward, California

Laguna Niguel, California

Orange, California

San Jose, California

Temecula, California

Vacaville, California

Valley Center, California

Ventura, California

Woodcrest, California

Boynton Beach, Florida

Brandon, Florida

Brooksville, Florida

Daytona Beach, Florida

Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Mulberry, Florida (2 reports)

Naples, Florida

Ocala, Florida

Orlando, Florida

Rockledge, Florida

Seffner, Florida

Zephyrhills, Florida

Laie, Hawaii

Madison, North Carolina

Phoenixville, Pennsylvania

Desoto, Texas

Houston, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Aug 25, 2017, Azirphaeli from Phoenixville, PA wrote:

Put a few spoonfuls of the seeds+fruit into fresh soil on my balcony in S/E PA. Figured maybe a few seeds might do something other than rot into oblivion. Fast Forward mere weeks and I've got hundreds of little baby dragons filling the pot. Now to invest in a cage for them to climb.

The take aways: These things are stupid easy to get started.$7.99 for the fruit at wegmans (at your local daring grocer) leads you to hundreds of a potential plants. Don't pay a premium for weird fruit ever again.


On Jun 27, 2016, malsprower from Daytona, FL wrote:

I could give this a negative review because this darn plant was rooting into our painted concrete walled house, I did not think that this plant would STICK to the house! I was able to cut and detach this vicious plant, and scrub the siding free. I am giving this plant a positive review because I love it, I love its shape and how dang fast it grows, I am not sure if I will get any fruit from it, but its an interesting specimen.


On Jul 16, 2012, crawferg from Briny Breezes, FL wrote:

Bought our dragonfruit about a year ago. It's the Purple Haze variety. Made a trellis for it. It initially grew like crazy. It will continue to grow the more trellis space is provided. Tied it to trellis with panty hose. It just got its first flower. Looking forward to the fruit. Grows great in South Florida.


On Apr 4, 2011, ricshaw from Ventura, CA wrote:

Southern California Lowe's is selling Hylocereus polyrhizus.
The potted plants are about 20" - 30" tall and are in 3 gallon pots.
What was surprising to me is the plants had a fancy colored printed pot sleeve with additional information on the inside.
I will post some pictures of the plant I bought and the labeling.
Southern California


On Apr 19, 2010, terrora wrote:

Have had this plant for over 10 years and gotten many starts off it, but none have ever bloomed!!! I've tried everything..any suggestions? I'm in zone 9b. I have similar plants that have bloomed nicely and regularly. This one is a puzzelment to me. Not giving up...it is a heirloom plant.

Any advice would be appreciated.
(^_~) playin' in the dirt, Terrora


On Aug 14, 2006, tmccullo from Houston, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

we bought one in South Florida on a vacation and brought it back to Houston this summer. Since May, it has already grown over a two feet. We have it climbing on a trellis and planted in our cactus garden. It is on the East side of the house and gets good morning sun until about 1:20pm. Can't wait to get fruit from it.


On Jun 8, 2006, Xenomorf from Phoenix, AZ (Zone 9b) wrote:

The Hylocereus genus has No leaves or Foliage, therefore propagation is from stem cuttings and seeds.


On Sep 2, 2005, Quyen from Orange, CA (Zone 10b) wrote:

Fast grower. Buds begin to open mid-day. Blooms last for about 24 hours. Flowers are large (6 in. diameter x 10 in. height) with insignificant fragrance.


On Jul 24, 2005, StarGazey26 from (Zone 10a) wrote:

This plant is great.. I planted him about 1 month ago, on a south facing wall, with a little Dr. Earth in the soil.. He has 3 new shoots growing, i hope i get some fruit this year. Snails are a problem so be sure to put out snail bait if u want a nice looking plant. Dont over water, but fertalize with a high middle number, once a month, 10-60-10 is good.. No pest's noted..