Agave Species, Smooth Agave, Dwarf Century Plant

Agave desmettiana

Family: Agavaceae (ah-gav-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Agave (a-GAH-vee) (Info)
Species: desmettiana (de-smet-ee-AY-na) (Info)
Synonym:Agave desmetiana
Synonym:Agave miradorensis
Synonym:Agave regeliana
Synonym:Agave ananassoides


Cactus and Succulents

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


24-36 in. (60-90 cm)


18-24 in. (45-60 cm)

24-36 in. (60-90 cm)

36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Partial to Full Shade


Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

Pale Yellow

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring


Grown for foliage



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

From bulbils

This plant is monocarpic

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:


Chandler Heights, Arizona

Phoenix, Arizona

Scottsdale, Arizona

Ashdown, Arkansas

Mission Viejo, California

Norwalk, California

Pasadena, California

Spring Valley, California

Sarasota, Florida (2 reports)

Houston, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Apr 17, 2015, shezcrafty from Houston, TX wrote:

I love this plant! As a dwarf agave it only gets to be a few feet tall. I have them growing in full Texas sun and some in partial sun. I have tried some in shade, but they did not grow. They put off a few pups for me through the years, but now that a couple have bloomed and the pups are growing on the flower stalk I have more pups than I need! The bees LOVED the flowers on this plant and enjoyed them for well over a month. The plants that I have in full sun have been growing for 7 years and have just bloomed and sprouted pups, so they will be dying soon. But, I have read that this agave can live for up to 10 years.


On Nov 18, 2007, ScottBB from Norwalk, CA wrote:

Grown in full sun in Southern California. Watered by rain only, once established, for over 8 years. Many rhizones close to plant.


On Jan 27, 2004, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

Nice looking agave though the variegated form is by far the most common in cultivation. It is 'almost' user-friendly' having very little if any spines long the leaves. There still is that nasty terminal spine, though. This form has bright to pale green leaves that tend to burn in full sun. One of the agaves that seems to almost prefer shade. These are profusely suckering plants and quickly form thick thickets. Fortunately they don't send their suckers very far.