Agave Species, Sisal Agave, Hemp Agave, Century Plant, Maguey

Agave sisalana

Family: Asparagaceae
Genus: Agave (a-GAH-vee) (Info)
Species: sisalana (sis-al-AY-nuh) (Info)
Synonym:Agave amaniensis
Synonym:Agave rigida var. sisalana
Synonym:Agave segurae
Synonym:Agave sisalana f. armata
Synonym:Agave sisalana var. armata


Cactus and Succulents

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Light Shade


Grown for foliage


Foliage Color:



4-6 ft. (1.2-1.8 m)

6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)


8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)

10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)


USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Unknown - Tell us

Other details:

May be a noxious weed or invasive

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing rhizomes, tubers, corms or bulbs (including offsets)

From bulbils

This plant is monocarpic

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Chandler Heights, Arizona

Fountain Hills, Arizona

Norwalk, California

Reseda, California

Grenoble, Rhône-Alpes

Dallas, Texas

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 29, 2016, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

The Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council has listed this species as a Category ll invasive. It has the potential to damage natural habitat and reduce biodiversity.


On Nov 11, 2009, Zaragoza from Zaragoza,
Spain (Zone 8b) wrote:

This plant is extremely invasive. Be careful when plant it. This plant is naturalized in almost all warm areas of the world, it's very common in the mediterranean coast where I live and it destroyed Madagascar with more invasive succulents such as prickly pears and cereus.


On Feb 13, 2004, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

THis large species of AGave is actually some creation of man and has no country of origin. It's a sterile hybrid and flowers produce no seeds (but do produce bulbils which can be grown into adult plants). THis is one of the few agaves that develop a trunk, up to 3'. THe more common form is the variegated form (described elsewhere) but the non-variegated are still impressive: huge, sword-like leaves usually without toothed margins, and long, brown and sharp terminal spine. Often confused with Furcraeas. This species has become economically important in both Africa and Mexico as a source of Sisal, or fine Agave fibre. Leaves are sort of rubbery, also making it seem a bit less like an Agave than a Yucca. Does sucker, up to 10 from the plant, so can be a garden weed. And it is not too... read more