Manchineel Species, Beach Apple, Manzanillo, Poison Apple, Poison Guava

Hippomane mancinella

Family: Euphorbiaceae (yoo-for-bee-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Hippomane (hip-oh-MAN-ee) (Info)
Species: mancinella (man-sin-EL-luh) (Info)
Synonym:Hippomane dioica



Water Requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


over 40 ft. (12 m)


Unknown - Tell us


USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


All parts of plant are poisonous if ingested

Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:


Pale Green

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Unknown - Tell us

Other details:

Soil pH requirements:

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

7.9 to 8.5 (alkaline)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

Unknown - Tell us

Seed Collecting:

Wear gloves to protect hands when handling seeds

N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

St John, Virgin Islands

Gardeners' Notes:


On Dec 21, 2014, Opus27no2 from Slaughter, LA (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is the plant that made our friend want to be a horticulturist at age 8 when she watched the movie, "Winds Across the Everglades (1958)". In it there is a scene where a guy for punishment for a crime was not moved nor scared at many sentences, from being staked over an ant mound to being submerged somehow, until the threat of "Let's tie him to the Manchineel Tree". At the thought of that horror he became crazy with fear. The scene segued to a sequence showing him being dissolved by the tree's sap.


On Jan 1, 2012, jmilletjr from Pebble Creek, FL wrote:

I need to know what antidote is available for one that has tasted and eaten some of the fruit ASAP! I was hiking along the ocean in a park in Curacao and rested under the shade of some trees and eat some of the fruit. I had no idea what it was, but it tasted sweet not bitter. Nothing happened for at least 30-45 mins. After that, my mouth, tongue, lips and stomach were on fire. My throat became blistery and difficult to swallow. Dizzy, and feverish. i asked the park ranger what the fruit was and he told me that it was poison, yet NOBODY can tell me what I can do now that I have already ingested it and i am concerned.


On Aug 28, 2010, jakenluigi from Brooklyn, NY wrote:

Last week, while exploring the botanical gardens on grand cayman island, my boyfriend and i came upon this tree. On the trunk there was a sign with the name and a warning about the high toxicity of this tree...and as i stood under the tree in the rain reading on, the sign said: ...never stand under this tree in the rain...!!! The toxins can collect in the raindrops.

We jumped away, took a picture and continued on, joking about what would soon happen to us if we were poisoned. In about ten minutes, I began to really feel weird. There was a scratchiness in the center of my tongue as well as halfway down my throat and my breathing was a little difficult. I had the feeling i was floating and my body felt at least 10 feet hands became slightly numb and i could feel eve... read more


On Dec 27, 2004, MotherNature4 from Bartow, FL (Zone 9a) wrote:

Though this tree is native to areas of the Florida Keys and southern Mangrove hammocks, it is not anything anyone would want to propagate. The toxins in every part of this plant are extremely dangerous. Skin contact can cause blistering and ulcers. Breathing aerosol produced by cutting or burning can cause severe respiratory distress. I could go on, but remember, CAUTION while in tropical coastal hammocks. Look for light green leaves that are finely serrated, but don't pick up even a dry one.