Texas Palmetto, Oaxacan Palmetto

Sabal mexicana

Family: Arecaceae (ar-ek-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Sabal (SAY-bal) (Info)
Species: mexicana (meks-sih-KAY-nuh) (Info)



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

over 40 ft. (12 m)


12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)


USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun



Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Time:

Late Spring/Early Summer



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Los Angeles, California

Palm Springs, California

Thousand Oaks, California

Visalia, California

Hampton, Florida

Augusta, Georgia

Ada, Oklahoma

Fort Gibson, Oklahoma

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Cayce, South Carolina

Sumter, South Carolina

Austin, Texas

Brownsville, Texas

Edinburg, Texas

Galveston, Texas

Houston, Texas

La Joya, Texas

La Villa, Texas

Linn, Texas

Mcallen, Texas (2 reports)

Mission, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

Schertz, Texas

Weslaco, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 16, 2014, Sabalpalmfeller from Oklahoma City, OK wrote:

I just made it through my first winter here and both of my texas sabals (5gal size) have heavy leaf damage. I put trash cans over them when the temps dropped below 20 degrees. Its been a horrible winter and it looks like theyve made it. Some of my family also have full grown ones and they also have taken a heavy beating. You cant have these without some kind of protection. I would recommend sabal birmingham over this palm if you want to grow a palm without protection in zone 6b/7a.


On Nov 9, 2011, SuburbanNinja80 from Plainfield, IN (Zone 6a) wrote:

I have a few Books saying this Palm is Just as hardy as Cabbage Palm. Also From there Both being hardy down to zero. Am not sure if the info is right about this but, it would be cool to find out.


On Aug 3, 2007, jlevert from Augusta, GA wrote:

I have two of these, each being about 12' tall. They have grown very well, but are somewhat slower than S. palmetto. The foliage is greener than palmetto and not as pendant. A beautiful palm that has increased in cold-hardiness as it has grown larger.


On Feb 1, 2005, BROforest from Brownsville, TX (Zone 9b) wrote:

We call this palm tree a Sabal texana in Brownsville, TX. Our commercial landscape ordinance allows this palm to be used as a parking lot tree as it's crown spread is said to be 30' or more at full maturity. The Sabal palmetto has a lesser crown spread, is smaller in diameter, and our dry hot and windy conditions here appear to be less desirable for Sabal palmetto's survival rate. Sabal Texana(mexicana), on the other hand is a Texas native and does well here. Other opinions on differences in the two palms are welcome as landscapers here disagree on the pluses and minuses of both palms.


On Jan 8, 2004, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is a similar looking plant to the SAbal palmetto from Mexico and the southern tip of Texas. It has a slightly larger crown S palmetto, but otherwise is about the same. It is nearly as cold tolerant, too, taking temps as low as 10F without too much damage. Here in So Cal it's not a commonly grown tree since it is such a slow growing one here (compared to warmer climates like Texas and Florida), and not terribly unique in appearance.