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European Larch

Larix decidua

Family: Pinaceae (py-NAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Larix (LAR-iks) (Info)
Species: decidua (dee-SID-yoo-uh) (Info)




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


over 40 ft. (12 m)


30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

over 40 ft. (12 m)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Handling plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction

Bloom Color:


Bloom Time:

Late Winter/Early Spring

Mid Spring



Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From softwood cuttings

From semi-hardwood cuttings

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:

Aurora, Illinois

Glen Ellyn, Illinois

Louisville, Kentucky

Scituate, Massachusetts

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Maryville, Missouri

Greene, New York

Pandora, Ohio

John Day, Oregon

Prineville, Oregon

Scranton, Pennsylvania

Wayne, Pennsylvania

Sunnyslope, Washington

Woodland, Washington

Madison, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jul 6, 2014, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote:

It is a reliable and handsome deciduous coniferous tree planted in the Midwestern and Eastern US. It is fast growing, about 2 feet/year and should live about 150 to 200 years. It gets a golden bronze autumn color before the needles fall. It is occasionally planted in landscapes, mostly in affluent neighborhoods or parks as designated by landscape architects or designers; it is not a hot selling item for the average homeowner. Most cities or bigger towns will have some in the boundaries. Its abundantly produced little cones are 1 to 1.5" long and scale tips are not recurved.


On Aug 31, 2009, rick0013 from Greene, NY (Zone 4a) wrote:

i have this type of tree growing on my property and i built a bridge out of it.. you MUST wear gloves when handling this wood..when rough sawed it produces very tiny slivers which bury in your skin and are difficult to see and remove.. beautiful plant ,strong rot resistant wood..kinda slow growing..not recommended for indoor use even after finishing & sanding, still has slivers


On Apr 7, 2008, sladeofsky from Louisville, KY (Zone 6b) wrote:

I've seen them as dominate species in areas of the Alps.


On Feb 26, 2008, Malus2006 from Coon Rapids, MN (Zone 4a) wrote:

I have seen low numbers of this species grown in different yards - even a non gardener may grow this with ease. American Larch require damp, swampy environment so is rarely offered in cultivation except as bonsai or dwarf. If you see a larch growing in swampy environment it is most likely American Larch. European Larch are more of a upland species so is more often used as standard trees.


On Jan 31, 2005, smiln32 from Oklahoma City, OK (Zone 7a) wrote:

Nice tree for bonsai. Likes moist soil. Seed can be gathered from cones (very small) which ripen in late autumn. Yes, it really is a deciduous conifer. Pruning may be done in autumn and winter.