Symphyotrichum Species, Hardy Aster, Michaelmas Daisy, New England Aster

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae

Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Symphyotrichum (sim-fy-oh-TRY-kum) (Info)
Species: novae-angliae (NO-vee ANG-lee-a) (Info)
Synonym:Aster novae-angliae
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun

Sun to Partial Shade

Light Shade



This plant is resistant to deer

Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


36-48 in. (90-120 cm)


USDA Zone 3a: to -39.9 C (-40 F)

USDA Zone 3b: to -37.2 C (-35 F)

USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us



Bloom Color:



Medium Purple

Bloom Characteristics:

This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Late Summer/Early Fall

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; stratify if sowing indoors

From seed; sow indoors before last frost

Self-sows freely; deadhead if you do not want volunteer seedlings next season

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Chandler, Arizona

San Leandro, California

Panama City Beach, Florida

Pensacola, Florida

Chicago, Illinois

Divernon, Illinois

Hinsdale, Illinois

Mount Prospect, Illinois

Jeffersonville, Indiana

Dawson, Iowa

Ewing, Kentucky

Melbourne, Kentucky

Cumberland, Maryland

Amesbury, Massachusetts

Beverly, Massachusetts

Cambridge, Massachusetts

Halifax, Massachusetts

Haverhill, Massachusetts

Roslindale, Massachusetts

Sterling, Massachusetts

Worcester, Massachusetts

Harbert, Michigan

Ludington, Michigan

Pinconning, Michigan

Isle, Minnesota

Saint Paul, Minnesota

Piedmont, Missouri

Big Timber, Montana

Blair, Nebraska

Franklin, New Hampshire

Greenville, New Hampshire

Hudson, New Hampshire

Manchester, New Hampshire

Buffalo, New York

Craryville, New York

Cuddebackville, New York

Jefferson, New York

Nineveh, New York

Ogdensburg, New York

Southold, New York

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Fargo, North Dakota

Fairborn, Ohio

Hilliard, Ohio

Xenia, Ohio

Winston, Oregon

Allentown, Pennsylvania

Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania

North Smithfield, Rhode Island

Rock Hill, South Carolina

Leesburg, Virginia

Kalama, Washington

Puyallup, Washington

Spokane, Washington(2 reports)

De Pere, Wisconsin

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Dec 7, 2015, KCClark from Hilliard, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

Excellent late season source of nectar for pollinators. I get a lot of insects on the flowers.


On Sep 28, 2014, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

I've grown a variety of cultivars with success here. I consider them essential plants for the fall garden. Their lower foliage does turn dry and brown before flowering, and the bare knees need something planted in front to screen them. They tend to flop unless staked or cut back substantially in late spring.

Some people develop a rash after handling the hairy foliage.

This spring I transplanted from a highway verge a wild plant whose blue-violet color I'd admired last fall. Though it grew 3' tall in the field, I failed to pinch it and it grew to 7' in good garden soil, a mountain of flowers now. I didn't know this species had the potential to grow so tall. The stem is straight and strong, almost like a tree sapling, and it's well branched---I'm used to cultiva... read more


On Oct 4, 2012, morrigan from Craryville, NY wrote:

They DO grow quite tall, and I usually give them a haircut before they get to flowering. Even so, they still get tall...but I LOVE these Asters! They are magnificent, eye-catching, and the bees - every single species - love them and their late-blooming cycle here in upstate NY! Highly recommended if you love the cottage look or the garden gone wild look. They look so good, as to eat them! Really! And, btw, I believe I got my first seeds from a DG member!


On Oct 2, 2012, ckiefer from De Pere, WI wrote:

This beautiful fall flower has a tendancy to get tall while the lower section of the stem turns brown. It is best placed in the back of the garden with other plants in front to cover the brown leaves on the lower stem. An easy trick to keep it a bit shorter with more compact growth is the let it grow to just over 2-3 feet and then give it a haircut to reduce its height by half. It will still have time to set flowers but will have a more orderly look in the garden.


On Oct 1, 2012, Cahow from HARBERT, MI wrote:

Since this is my Birthday Flower (September-Virgo), I've always had an exceedingly warm and loving relationship with this plant. :) Growing up on the mesic prairies of the Red River Valley in Minnesota, I remember acres and acres of this beautiful perennial, growing amongst the goldenrod and ripe Elderberry shrubs. Now, 5 decades later, it is STILL my favourite Autumn perennial. As a landscape architect, I try to incorporate the actual tall species in any plantings I know it will THRIVE. I've tried the cultivated versions such as Purple Dome in gardens but they lack the "Umph!" of this 4' x 4' beauty. I have a second home in Michigan, on the dunes, and we've allowed vast areas of our property to return to native duneland, and this aster has thrived, along with many of it's cousins in the A... read more


On Sep 7, 2012, Dosetaker from Mason, NH (Zone 5b) wrote:

Common late-summer/fall bloom along Southern New Hampshire's back roads.


On Nov 2, 2011, FlyPoison from Rock Hill, SC (Zone 7a) wrote:

The New England aster does very well here despite the long, hot, humid and some times dry southern summers. I've never had this aster successfully reseed so I occasionally like to plant new ones. It spreads slowly here and is an excellent addition to any location that gets part-sun/part-shade. It's one of my favorite fall bloomers and the butterflies love it.


On Aug 9, 2008, jmorth from Divernon, IL (Zone 5b) wrote:

Although it does indeed self-seed prolifically, it's majestic splendor in the fall makes it my premier fall blooming perennial. It's also a late season butterfly magnet. Combined with goldenrod it steals the show.


On Mar 27, 2008, jmorth from Divernon, IL (Zone 5b) wrote:

New England Aster is a wildflower in Illinois that often attains 6 feet in height. The distinctive 1-1.5" wide flower heads are clustered along the upper stems and completely cover the plant. The habitats preferred are moist or wet prairies, fens, and pastures. It adapts well to the garden. Blooming in the fall (Aug.- Oct.) it is a stunning butterfly magnet.
To maintain an upright stature it has been necessary to enclose the clumps in a support system of steel re-bars connected by twine.


On Sep 20, 2004, Equilibrium wrote:

This native perennial wildflower is drought resistent and needs no staking. Not a heavy seeder in my experience. Just enough to perpetuate the species without unduly interfering with other plants.


On Nov 2, 2003, PurplePansies from Deal, NJ (Zone 7a) wrote:

The hybrid varieties are very pretty but the wild forms - while alright looking - are rather plain. Hybrids are also more tame but given the right enviroment (in the Northeast U.S., for example), all New England Asters can be invasive. Not ridiculously so, but can self-seed and spread to the point of being a mild nuisance, more suited to wild areas to me than a garden.


On Sep 3, 2002, lupinelover from Grove City, OH (Zone 6a) wrote:

The species makes a wide bush about 4' around if not pruned or staked after it falls down; this provides much better flowering because flowering shoots grow up from all along the stems. Re-seeds itself around a lot if not deadheaded.

It grows well in light shade, but best flowering in full sun.


On Nov 27, 2000, gardener_mick from Wentworth, SD (Zone 4a) wrote:

New England Asters are perennial in zones 3-9 and grow from 2-5' tall. The leaves are 4-5" long and the flowers are 2" across, violet purple and have a bright, golden yellow center. Water plants in early morning when possible and avoid getting the leaves wet. You may need to stake taller varieties.

The plants should be planted in open, airy location to lessen risk of powdery mildew and need well-drained, dry, fertile soil.

Propagation can be done by stem cuttings or by division in early spring or fall. Divisions should be done every 2 years or so when the center of the plants begin to die. Cultivars don't grow true from seed very often.