Taxodium Species, Mexican Cypress, Montezuma Bald Cypress

Taxodium mucronatum

Family: Cupressaceae (koo-press-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Taxodium (taks-OH-dee-um) (Info)
Species: mucronatum (muh-kron-AH-tum) (Info)
Synonym:Taxodium distichum var. mexicanum
Synonym:Taxodium distichum var. mucronatum
Synonym:Taxodium mexicanum




Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun


Grown for foliage



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


over 40 ft. (12 m)


30-40 ft. (9-12 m)

over 40 ft. (12 m)


USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Color:


Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:


Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow outdoors in fall

From seed; winter sow in vented containers, coldframe or unheated greenhouse

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow pods to dry on plant; break open to collect seeds

Properly cleaned, seed can be successfully stored


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

San Marino, California

Coushatta, Louisiana

Grenoble, Rhône-Alpes

Austin, Texas

Brownsville, Texas

Edinburg, Texas

Midlothian, Texas

Salt Lake City, Utah

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jun 29, 2021, UtahTropics12 from Salt Lake City, UT (Zone 7b) wrote:

Taxodium mucronatum grows surprisingly well here in Salt Lake City, Utah (zone 7b). This tree is DEFINITELY much hardier than stated here and other websites as its growing just fine here in zone 7 with pretty much no issue. I would speculate its hardy to more like 0-5 F. There is a 50 foot plus tall specimen right down the street from me, with beautiful weeping branches and a large trunk with the slightest of knees. It seems that this tree is pretty drought tolerant seeing as they have it mixed in with yuccas and some agaves, but im sure they give it a little more water than those plants. It seems to also be able to take temps in the triple digits pretty dang well, it has gotten up to 108 once and stayed at around 103-105 for almost two weeks straight and still looks green and lush. And... read more


On Nov 3, 2011, Aslan89 from Harlingen, TX wrote:

We have a wonderful specimen growing in the center courtyard of the education building at UTPA in Edinburg Texas. It has grown taller than the 3 story building that surrounds it so it is at least 45 feet tall now.


On Sep 12, 2007, lou_DFW from Midlothian, TX wrote:

There is a large montezuma cypress growing in clay topsoil on top of limestone/caliche base (or just straight into caliche? no idea) in north Texas. In the literature, they are not supposed to thrive beyond San Antonio but this tree apparently is thriving with no problem in this type of soil. There is a bald cypress next door from this tree doing poorly. It looks to me that it is having iron chlorosis problem??? There are many bald cypress like that in this area. I do not know why they keep planting them if they are not going to thrive. We also seem to have ice storm every year. The winter temperature sometimes get as low as 15*F but usually in the low 20s. There was 0*F weather in 1983 and 1989 but I don't know if this tree existed at that time. Anyway, it seems to do great here. Time wil... read more


On Aug 19, 2007, BROforest from Brownsville, TX (Zone 9b) wrote:

In Brownsville, TX we have both mucronatum and distichum. the differences seem to be that the Montezuma Baldcypress has slightly shorter needles and is more evergreen and does not lose it's needles as much. The cones are a bit larger and the male flower racimes longer but the biggest difference is that the Montezuma baldcypress does not form the knees like the distichum does. The Montezuma grows faster but that may be mostly a function of the warmer climates without the shorter growing seasons experienced further north into the US by the diistichum. The Montezuma Baldcypress makes a fairly drought resistant landscape tree here and seems to survive the harsh conditions within green islands in Walmart parking lots. The tree loses its needles in the hotest droughtiest portion of the summ... read more


On Mar 9, 2004, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

This is a massive tree with itty bitty leaves. One specimen in Mexico is considered to have the largest trunk of any tree in the world (over 50' in circumference?). And it can grow up to over 140' tall. Big! In parts of its range (like here in Southern California) it is deciduous, or partly so (loses most of its leaves) or trees will have a brown look, like they died... but in spring new light green needles/leaves grow back. Has a nice peeling trunk, too. Very ornamental tree. Incredibly drought tolerant, yet can survive along stream margins with roots underwater all the time.