Viola Species, Missouri Violet, Native Wood Violet

Viola sororia var. missouriensis

Family: Violaceae (vy-oh-LAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Viola (vy-OH-la) (Info)
Species: sororia var. missouriensis
Synonym:Viola affinis
Synonym:Viola missouriensis




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


under 6 in. (15 cm)


12-15 in. (30-38 cm)


USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

Sun Exposure:

Light Shade

Partial to Full Shade



Bloom Color:


Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Late Spring/Early Summer

Late Summer/Early Fall




Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

5.1 to 5.5 (strongly acidic)

5.6 to 6.0 (acidic)

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From seed; direct sow after last frost

Seed Collecting:

Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds


This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:


Benton, Kentucky

Halifax, Massachusetts

Piedmont, Missouri

Rogersville, Missouri

Springfield, Missouri

Closter, New Jersey

Hilliard, Ohio

Clover, South Carolina

Arlington, Texas

Austin, Texas (3 reports)

Belton, Texas

Ben Wheeler, Texas

Canton, Texas

Clarksville, Texas

Dallas, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Frisco, Texas

Houston, Texas

Mc Kinney, Texas

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Mar 19, 2011, rainewalker from New Berlin, WI (Zone 5b) wrote:

Flowering in March, this violet grows in wooded areas along the northeast bank of Delaware creek in Clarksville, Texas.


On Apr 23, 2008, feelinmymonkie from Clover, SC wrote:

I have these growing wild all over my yard, but only in my shaded areas. They seem very easy to take care of & the foliage stays pretty & grows even bigger after the flowers fade.


On Apr 7, 2008, btc129psu from Houston, TX (Zone 9a) wrote:

These grow extensively in large shaded grassy areas here in Houston. I have transplanted some to pots and have had great success keeping them; however, I must say they are extremely succeptible to spider mites and aphids. More so than almost any other plant I have tried to grow here my violets, and particularly these, are constantly overcome with black aphid-like insects and colonies of spider mites. While they grow well in pots under good condition, keeping them healthy in the abyssmal ecological black hole of much of Houston's urban area can be quite a chore.


On Jan 30, 2005, winter_unfazed from Rural Webster County, MO (Zone 6a) wrote:

I discovered the Missouri violet on April 3, 2004 growing under a peach tree in the yard. Then l transplanted it to the garden for later seed collection, but l never found seeds. Apparently the purple flowers are male flowers. The violet/pansy family Violaceae is in the Violales order along with the Cucurbitaceae squash/melon family. Those all have male and female flowers too, so that makes sense.


On Jan 25, 2005, melody from Benton, KY (Zone 7a) wrote:

Cheerful and pretty, these always mean Spring to me.

They grow wild throughout most woodland areas and happily transplant to the garden.

It can get invasive, and for those who like everything in neat little sections, this plant could be frustrating. It spreads with abandon in yards and gardens, which does not bother me at all.

The seed bearing flowers are not seen, hiding beneath the leaves. They do not 'bloom' like the pretty purple flowers on top, rather, they mature and drop their seeds unseen.

The Wood Violet is edible and the Amish eat the flowers and leaves as a Spring green. Jelly and syrup can be made from the blossoms.

As with any wild plant, partake in moderation and make sure you are getting clean plants ... read more


On Sep 29, 2004, chicochi3 from Fayetteville, AR (Zone 6b) wrote:

Grows wild all over my yard in NW Arkansas.


On Sep 3, 2004, thesmorphoros from Austin, TX (Zone 8b) wrote:

Pretty, clumping groundcover that grows well in dappled shade here in central Texas. It gets kind of ragged mid-summer, but mowing it brings it back up in time for fall.