Trithrinax Species, Brazilian Needle Palm, Saho Palm

Trithrinax brasiliensis

Family: Arecaceae (ar-ek-AY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Trithrinax (try-THRY-naks) (Info)
Species: brasiliensis (bra-sill-ee-EN-sis) (Info)
Synonym:Thrinax brasiliensis




Water Requirements:

Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Sun to Partial Shade



Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


10-12 ft. (3-3.6 m)

12-15 ft. (3.6-4.7 m)

15-20 ft. (4.7-6 m)


6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)

8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 C (30 F)

USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 C (35 F)

USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 C (40 F)

Where to Grow:

Unknown - Tell us


Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling

Bloom Color:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Unknown - Tell us

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

Unknown - Tell us

Patent Information:

Unknown - Tell us

Propagation Methods:

From seed; germinate in vitro in gelatin, agar or other medium

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Los Angeles, California

Thousand Oaks, California

Upland, California

Augusta, Georgia

Savannah, Georgia

North, South Carolina

Bellevue, Washington

Shoreline, Washington

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Gardeners' Notes:


On Jan 29, 2013, kostheos from Athens,
Greece (Zone 9b) wrote:

Actually inflorescence bracts of Trithrinax brasiliensis in contrast to Trithrinax acanthocoma are snow-white before dessication. Nice plant, indestructible by cold and fairly immune to abuse. It needs plenty of water in summer.


On Jan 27, 2012, jlevert from Augusta, GA wrote:

Trithrinax grows well for me in Augusta, Ga., but needs to be fertilized carefully. It can suffer from Boron deficiency, so watch for the central growth area starting to grow sideways and for leaves that become small and distorted.


On Oct 8, 2011, SuburbanNinja80 from Plainfield, IN (Zone 6a) wrote:

I think the only thing that is stopping for wanting this palm are the needle like thorns. Then again, I have the american one .


On Mar 16, 2004, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote:

One of the more common palms in cultivation in Southern California, but still rare enough to be interesting to collectors. This is one of the hardiest and easiest to grow palms here. It is a fan palm with stiff, moderately divided, very symmetrical and attractive leaves, up to 3' in diameter. The most interesting thing about this plant is the trunk retains persistent large, thick spines pointing in all directions. From a distance it looks a bit ordinary, remeniscent of Trachycarpus or other common fan palms. I have seen this palm grown in the public southern California landscape along with a bunch of Trachycarpus fortuneis, almost as though it was accidentally planted by someone thinking it was just a somewhat larger Windmill Palm. Whether or not these planting were errors, or planne... read more