Spiraea Species, Bridal Wreath Spiraea

Spiraea prunifolia

Family: Rosaceae (ro-ZAY-see-ee) (Info)
Genus: Spiraea (spy-REE-ah) (Info)
Species: prunifolia (proo-ni-FOH-lee-uh) (Info)
View this plant in a garden



Water Requirements:

Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater

Sun Exposure:

Full Sun




Foliage Color:

Unknown - Tell us


6-8 ft. (1.8-2.4 m)


8-10 ft. (2.4-3 m)


USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 C (-30 F)

USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 C (-25 F)

USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 C (-20 F)

USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 C (-15 F)

USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 C (-10 F)

USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 C (-5 F)

USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 C (0 F)

USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 C (5 F)

USDA Zone 8a: to -12.2 C (10 F)

USDA Zone 8b: to -9.4 C (15 F)

USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 C (20 F)

USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 C (25 F)

Where to Grow:

Grow outdoors year-round in hardiness zone



Bloom Color:

White/Near White

Bloom Characteristics:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Size:

Unknown - Tell us

Bloom Time:

Mid Spring

Other details:

Unknown - Tell us

Soil pH requirements:

6.1 to 6.5 (mildly acidic)

6.6 to 7.5 (neutral)

7.6 to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)

Patent Information:


Propagation Methods:

By dividing the rootball

From woody stem cuttings

Seed Collecting:

Unknown - Tell us


This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions:

Birmingham, Alabama

Midland City, Alabama

Mobile, Alabama

Tucson, Arizona

Fayetteville, Arkansas

Jonesboro, Arkansas

Malvern, Arkansas

Hesperia, California

Fort Collins, Colorado

Wethersfield, Connecticut

Fort Walton Beach, Florida

Jacksonville, Florida

Keystone Heights, Florida

Lake City, Florida

Niceville, Florida

Zephyrhills, Florida

Albany, Georgia

Colbert, Georgia

Jesup, Georgia

Patterson, Georgia

Roswell, Georgia

Creve Coeur, Illinois

Washington, Illinois

Wheaton, Illinois

Iowa City, Iowa

Cheney, Kansas

Lindsborg, Kansas

Barbourville, Kentucky

Hammond, Louisiana

Slidell, Louisiana

Orono, Maine

South China, Maine

Pocasset, Massachusetts

Ann Arbor, Michigan

Okemos, Michigan

Minneapolis, Minnesota

Philadelphia, Mississippi

Doniphan, Missouri

Piedmont, Missouri

Saint Robert, Missouri

Bedford, New Hampshire

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Los Alamos, New Mexico

Maybrook, New York

New Hyde Park, New York

Burlington, North Carolina

Elizabeth City, North Carolina

Raleigh, North Carolina

Carrollton, Ohio

Choctaw, Oklahoma

Enid, Oklahoma

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Greensburg, Pennsylvania

Mountain Top, Pennsylvania

Norristown, Pennsylvania

Roscoe, Pennsylvania

Greenville, South Carolina

Summerville, South Carolina

Cookeville, Tennessee

Culleoka, Tennessee(2 reports)

Etowah, Tennessee

Arlington, Texas

Broaddus, Texas

Conroe, Texas

Dallas, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Giddings, Texas

Houston, Texas(2 reports)

Montgomery, Texas

San Antonio, Texas

Trenton, Texas

Magna, Utah

Woodbridge, Virginia

Bellingham, Washington

Concrete, Washington

North Sultan, Washington

Ravensdale, Washington

Seattle, Washington

Sultan, Washington

New Lisbon, Wisconsin

Rhinelander, Wisconsin

Sheridan, Wyoming

show all

Gardeners' Notes:


On Jul 21, 2016, coriaceous from ROSLINDALE, MA wrote:

A very large, tough, adaptable shrub with a brief season of bloom. This was popular in the early 20th century, but isn't grown as often today, as garden spaces have grown smaller and few can easily accommodate such a large shrub.

Tolerates poor soil and shade. Rebounds quickly after hard pruning in spring after it's finished blooming---blooms on the previous season's growth. Faded flowers turn brown and unsightly, and judicious spring pruning can improve the shrub's appearance.

I have never seen any fall color here in Boston Z6a or in Washington DC.

I have never known this species to spread by suckering.

I've reduced one shrub's width modestly by annually cutting back everything that spreads more than a couple of feet, immediately... read more


On Jul 21, 2016, ennotherbee from kawartha Lakes,
Canada wrote:

I love it and would happily buy anothrt two or three.I am in a harsh Canadian climate, yet she needs no special care or treatment.


On Apr 27, 2015, SwedishDiva from Lindsborg, KS wrote:

The bridal wreath spiraea bushes that encircle my front porch are in glorious full bloom, just as they have been every spring since they were planted 89 years ago. I have them chainsawed down to about 30" tall after each blooming, and then stand back (to get out of their way). They tolerate scorching summers and incredibly cold winters, are seldom watered, and have never had any kind of insect problem. I, too, wish the blooming season were longer (they're incredibly graceful and beautiful in a very old-fashioned way), but their longevity and lack of need for special care make them one of my favorites. The slender, arching branches are gracefully beautiful, even when they're not blooming. In my dotage, I have come to respect that which endures.


On Jul 5, 2014, bobbieberecz from Concrete, WA wrote:

My mother had this spirea in her mountain home in the Washington Cascade foothills. It was enormous----8 to 9 ft. tall and at least 15 feet wide. It received absolutely no care. The ground was extremely rocky (a pick was needed to dig planting holes) and was on the far edge of their large lawn. It got minimal water from an occasional lawn sprinkler but that was rare. All the grandchildren grew up hiding under those arching branches behind which had formed a natural circular room. This is the perfect shrub for families, difficult growing conditions and beauty. I'm starting one in my own yard and am anxious to see how long it takes to become the beauty of my mother's. My growing conditions are far better but I'm pretty sure what little soil laid between those rocks was very rich as a... read more


On Feb 21, 2013, CityBella from Richfield, MN wrote:

Does anyone know if the root system of the Bridal Wreath Spirea will do ok in a 3x3x3 brick container with a drip water system, in Zone 4a? I am concerned that it would eventually become root-bound and need to be removed.


On Dec 8, 2012, daleykris from Burlington, VT wrote:

Wondering If anyone has a suggestion about repairing a Bridal Wreath that may have been overpruned? As far as I can tell this plant needs very little maintanance. I have removed a lot of dead stalks from the center but it still has some dead frons and Im not sure what t do, any ideas?


On Jun 21, 2012, hoocher from Ione, WA wrote:

We live in NE Washington where it gets very cold and a lot of snow. It grows well here It is in the center of our front yard and was beautiful this year.


On May 3, 2011, julietomblin from Ashton, IL wrote:

I have a bridal wreath in the front of my home. Im sure its been here for some time considering the size of it. Yet it was never pruned or taken care of at all. Also it really didnt produce very many flowers even though it gets plenty of sun. I had the whole bush cut down just to the lowest branches so that i could control the size of it. About how long will it take to regrow? I love this bush because its easy to maintain and its georgeous. Any advise would be helpful. Thanks!

Julie Tomblin


On Jan 29, 2011, LauraSteele from Fort Wayne, IN wrote:

My neighbor, 2 doors down, has several of these bushes as a front foundation planting and they are more than 70 years old and over 10' tall. They almost stop traffic on our busy street when they bloom in the Spring.
I have 1 bush along our back fence that was the dwarf "Peppermint Stick" variety when we planted it years ago. It is now a non-dwarf, white, bridal wreath bush. I now have to cut it back almost to the ground every year in late winter/early spring to control the size. I think the "Peppermint Stick" may have been grafted onto the hardier white rootstock, the graft part died and the original rootstock grew. The pink was nice but the white is incredible, as long as it doesn't knock down the neighbors' fence...


On Nov 24, 2009, stormyla from Norristown, PA (Zone 6b) wrote:

This shrub requires virtually no care. It reliably puts on a beautiful spring show every year. Can't go wrong with this one.


On Nov 5, 2009, gonemo from Hesperia, CA wrote:

I wanted to let people know this definitely grows in CA. I did not see it on the list and thought it should be added so others in my zone might try it. I am in zone 10 I believe(possibly 9), in the high desert. I have had the bridal's wreath spirea for 4 yrs now. It survives snow and 30 degrees above zero winter temperatures(probably even down to 15 above zero in the evenings). It survives 120 degree summer heat. It survives hard clay soil! I can't say enough how amazing this plant really is and how little it requires it care. It really is an excellent hardy bush! I just wish it could bloom all the time its so beautiful.


On Oct 24, 2007, pajaritomt from Los Alamos, NM (Zone 5a) wrote:

One of my favorite shrubs. I remember it from my childhood in the South where it makes enormous sprays of white flowers in the spring. I have it growing in my current yard in New Mexico where it is just as beautiful. For me, I believe my favorite aspect of this plant is the drooping sprays in the spring. The shrub is well behaved and innocuous during the rest of the year.


On Nov 1, 2006, renwings from Sultan, WA (Zone 8a) wrote:

My grandmother had this growing in her side yard where it got afternoon sun. I loved it! We would weave the blooming branches into wreaths to wear in our hair. She had managed to get it to grow in a well maintained clump that was very attractive and elegant when it bloomed. Lily of the Valley grew at it's feet.

I see it all the time around here along the highways.


On Jan 16, 2006, Gabrielle from (Zone 5a) wrote:

I lived in an apartment for a short while, and there were some young Bridal Wreaths there. One day I went out, and someone had ripped one up and thrown it down. I took the half-dead plant to my Mom, and she put in the ground. It has thrived ever since. My only complaint is that I wish the bloom span was longer. Blooms in May in my garden. My information says it can take partial sun. Pruning should be done immediately after flowering.


On May 17, 2004, Toxicodendron from Piedmont, MO (Zone 6a) wrote:

Bridal wreath spirea is an oldfashioned shrub commonly found on deserted farmsteads in our area. It spreads by runners to form a thicket if not mowed around. Extremely cold and drought hardy, and insect resistant. The pure white flowers are born in long sprays that can be fashioned into wreaths and worn on the head for a special occasion, hence the name. As the flowers fade, the rather small leaves emerge. In autumn the foliage turns beautiful gold and orange and rust colors if the plant is in full sun. When pruning is called for the twigs can be bundled together to make a nice swag to decorate. The plants can be quite tall, 8-10 feet, and that big around if allowed. Very easy to start a new plant by digging a runner. Difficult to totally dig out an old one since every piece of root will ... read more


On May 16, 2004, RoyB from New Hyde Park, NY wrote:

The Bridal Wreath that I have has bloomed the last 40 or so years. Three years ago it was dug up form its original location north side of back yard and transplanted to the west side both partially shaded. The transplant took wonderfully and now the shrub is pushing new growth from the base. The blooms are beautiful as shown in photo submitted.